Families today are experiencing untold pressures and are expected to shoulder enormous burdens at a time when resources for support are becoming ever scarcer. This important book examines the effects of stress on both children and parents and explores various strategies for coping.The authors--experts in child health and development and in business and social policy--emphasize that the problems of the family and of its members cannot be considered individually. They view the family as a dynamic system whose health is vitally related to its internal relationships and its interactions with other social networks. Stress in this context can be either a positive or a negative influence on the family's effectiveness in raising children, depending on the personal and public resources available.The strength of the book lies in its integrated approach to a many-sided problem. The authors provide reviews of research, clinical applications, and theoretical discussions, including several frameworks for understanding the constellation of factors within the family that affect children's development. They examine specific situations that can present families with formidable challenges: unemployment, divorce, two-career families, single parenthood, teenage pregnancy, demands from the workplace. Some of these situations are traumatic but brief; others, such as chronic illness, require long-term coping strategies. The authors show the similarities that underlie these stressful situations--how they can affect the fabric of family life and the development of the young child.The emphasis throughout the book is on policy implications: the urgent need for more enlightened and supportive corporate and government involvement. Unless we make the well-being of the family a priority, the number of children in adverse situations will continue to increase. This book will serve as an indispensable guide to psychologists, pediatricians, psychiatrists, educators, business executives, and government officials.
Michael W. Yogman(right) is Director of the Infant Health and Development Program and a pediatrician affiliated with Harvard Medical School. T. Berry Brazelton(left) is Chief of the Child Development Unit at Children's Hospital, Boston and a pediatrician affiliated with Harvard Medical School.
Introduction: The Family, Stressed yet Protected Michael Y. Yogman and T. Berry Brazelton I. Theoretical Overview: Stress and Coping in the Family System 1. Family Systems: Understanding the Family through Its Response to Chronic Illness David Reiss 2. Stress on and in the Family Jerome Kagan 3. A Developmental Perspective on Psychosocial Stress in Childhood Felton Earls II. Forces Within the Family: New Roles 4. Fathers: An Intrafamilial Perspective Ross D. Parke 5. Single Mothers and Joint Custody: Common Ground Richard N. Atkins III. Forces Outside the Family: Work and Family Life 6. Working It Out: Effects of Work on Parents and Children Ann C. Crouter and Maureen Perry-Jenkins 7. Family Life and Corporate Policies Ellen Galinsky 8. Utilitarianism in the Regulation of Corporate and Family Life Abraham Zaleznik 9. Supplemental Care for Young Children Gwen C. Morgan IV. Special Stresses 10. Family Adaptation to Divorce Kathleen A. Camara 11. The Family and Chronic Illness in Children John M. Leventhal and Barbara F. Sabbeth 12. Teenage Pregnancy Lorraine V. Klerman V. Policy Implications 13. Education of Families for Parenting Bettye M. Caldwell 14. The Social-Policy Context for Families Today Lisbeth B. Schorr, C. Arden Miller, and Amy Fine References Acknowledgments Index
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