Two Centuries of Darwin is the outgrowth of an Arthur M. Sackler Colloquium, sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences on January 16-17, 2009. In the chapters of this book, leading evolutionary biologists and science historians reflect on and commemorate the Darwinian Revolution. They canvass modern research approaches and current scientific thought on each of the three main categories of selection (natural, artificial, and sexual) that Darwin addressed during his career. Although Darwin's legacy is associated primarily with the illumination of natural selection in The Origin, he also contemplated and wrote extensively about what we now term artificial selection and sexual selection. In a concluding section of this book, several science historians comment on Darwin's seminal contributions. Two Centuries of Darwin is the third book of the In the Light of Evolution series. Each installment in the series explores evolutionary perspectives on a particular biological topic that is scientifically intriguing but also has special relevance to contemporary societal issues or challenges.
The ILE series aims to interpret phenomena in various areas of biology through the lens of evolution and address some of the most intellectually engaging, as well as pragmatically important societal issues of our times.
1 Front Matter; 2 Part I: NATURAL SELECTION, OR ADAPTATION TO NATURE; 3 1 Natural Selection inAction During Speciation--Sara Via; 4 2 Adaptive Radiations:From Field to Genomic Studies--Scott A. Hodges and Nathan J. Derieg; 5 3 Genetics and Ecological Speciation--Dolph Schluter and Gina L. Conte; 6 4 Cascades of Convergent Evolution: The Corresponding Evolutionary Histories of Euglenozoans and Dinoflagellates--Julius Lukes, Brian S. Leander, and Patrick J. Keeling; 7 Part II: ARTIFICIAL SELECTION, OR ADAPTATION TO HUMAN DEMANDS; 8 5 From Wild Animals to Domestic Pets, an Evolutionary View of Domestication--Carlos A. Driscoll, David W. Macdonald, and Stephen J. O'Brien; 9 6 Tracking Footprints of Maize Domestication and Evidence for a Massive Selective Sweep on Chromosome 10--Feng Tian, Natalie M. Stevens, and Edward S. Buckler IV; 10 7 Human-Induced Evolution Caused by Unnatural Selection Through Harvest of Wild Animals--Fred W. Allendorf and Jeffrey J. Hard; 11 8 In the Light of Directed Evolution: Pathways of Adaptive Protein Evolution--Jesse D. Bloom and Frances H. Arnold; 12 Part III: SEXUAL SELECTION, OR ADAPTATION TO MATING DEMANDS; 13 9 Mate Choice and Sexual Selection: What Have We Learned Since Darwin?--Adam G. Jones and Nicholas L. Ratterman; 14 10 Sexual Selection and Mating Systems--Stephen M. Shuster; 15 11 Reproductive Decisions Under Ecological Constraints: It's About Time--Patricia Adair Gowaty and Stephen P. Hubbell; 16 12 Postcopulatory Sexual Selection: Darwin's Omission and Its Consequences--William G. Eberhard; 17 Part IV: THE DARWINIAN LEGACY, 150 YEARS LATER; 18 13 Darwin and the Scientific Method--Francisco J. Ayala; 19 14 The Darwinian Revolution: Rethinking Its Meaningand Significance--Michael Ruse; 20 15 Did Darwin Write *the Origin* Backwards?--Elliott Sober; 21 16 Darwin's Place in the History of Thought: A Reevaluation--Robert J. Richards; 22 17 Darwin's "Strange Inversion of Reasoning"--Daniel Dennett; 23 References; 24 Index