Many important right-wing political figures from the late nineteenth century and inter-war period have been over-shadowed in history by Nazi Germany and Adolf Hitler. Rebecca Haynes here assesses the careers of seventeen of the most important figures in right-wing politics in Central and Eastern Europe during this period and reveals the significance of leaders whose impact has been overlooked. Some of these were Nazi-sympathisers; others rejected German National Socialism in favour of rival nationalist and right-wing ideologies and programmes. But all played a role in modern European political history that cannot be ignored. This book seeks to draw some of the leading right-wing politicians and thinkers in Central and Eastern Europe out from under Hitler's shadow.
Rebecca Haynes is Senior Lecturer in Romanian History at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London. Martyn Rady is Professor of Central European History at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London.
Table of contents: Chapter 1: Political Modernization and the Cultural Production of `Personalities of the Right' in Interwar Europe Chapter 2: Gabriele D'Annunzio: From Aestheticism to Anarchy: The Poet as Politician Chapter 3: `From my point of view, I never ceased being a good Austrian!' The Ideology and Career of Edmund Glaise-Horstenau Chapter 4: A Scandinavian Erratic amidst the Ruins of Empires. The Finnish Case Chapter 5: Ion Antonescu: the Paradoxes of his Regime: Romania Chapter 6: The Christian Social Roots of Jozef Tiso's Radicalism Chapter 7: The Willing Bystanders: Dimitrije Ljoti?, `Shield Collaboration' and the Destruction of Serbia's Jews Chapter 8: Founding Father of Modern Poland or Nationalist Anti-Semite? Roman Dmowski Chapter 9: The Czechoslovak Sphinx: `Moderate and Reasonable Konrad Henlein' Chapter 10: Corneliu Zelea Codreanu Chapter 11: Cecile Tormay: A Gentlewoman in the Graveyard of the Hunchbacks Chapter 12: `For Us, beloved Commander, You will never die!' Mourning Jure Franceti?, Ustasha Death Squad Leader Chapter 13: Theodor Fritsch: The `Godfather' of German Anti-Semitism Chapter 14: Ferenc Szalasi, `Hungarism' and the Arrow Cross Chapter 15: `Leader' or `Devil'? Milan Stojadinovi?, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia and his Ideology Chapter 16: Stepan Bandera: In Search of a Ukraine for the Ukrainians Chapter 17: Hitler's Hero: Georg von Schoenerer and the Origins of Nazism Chapter 18: Gyula Goemboes: An Outsider's Attempt at Radical Reform Conclusion