Many important right-wing political figures from the late nineteenth century and inter-war period have been overshadowed in history by Nazi Germany and Adolf Hitler. 'In the Shadow of Hitler: Personalities of the Right in Central and Eastern Europe' reviews the careers of sixteen of the most important figures in right-wing politics in Central and Eastern Europe during this period. It includes politicians, ideologue sand 'men of action' in Germany and Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Ukraine, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Croatia. Some of these were Nazi sympathisers or contributed to the making of Nazi ideology. Others rejected German National Socialism in favour of rival nationalist and right-wing ideologies and programmes, deliberately distancing themselves from Nazism. As th epower and ambition of the Third Reich grew in the1930s, so many of the personalities reviewed here were obliged to come to terms with the shadow cast over the region by Nazi Germany and to make their own political and other compromises.
This volume includes chapters on the principal fascist and right-wing politicians in inter-war Central and Eastern Europe - among others, Codreanu and Antonescu in Romania, Gombos and Szalasi inHungary, Ljotic in Serbia, Dmowski in Poland, Henlein and Tiso in Czechoslovakia - while also analysing the intellectual contribution to the development of the right made by an earlier generation including D'Annunzio, Schonerer and Fritsch. All of these 'personalities of the right' are recognized as influential in the development and making of right-wing politics in their home countries and internationally. Nevertheless, in most historical writing on the history of the European right, they have been generally accorded a lesser place since the focus of interest is so often directed upon Nazi Germany and its leader. It is the purpose of this volume to bring the right-wing leadership of late nineteenth century and inter-war Central and Eastern Europe out from under the shadow cast by Adolf Hitler.
Rebecca Haynes is Senior Lecturer in Romanian History at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London. Martyn Rady is Professor of Central European History at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London.
Table of contents: Chapter 1: Political Modernization and the Cultural Production of 'Personalities of the Right' in Interwar Europe Chapter 2: Gabriele D'Annunzio: From Aestheticism to Anarchy: The Poet as Politician Chapter 3: 'From my point of view, I never ceased being a good Austrian!' The Ideology and Career of Edmund Glaise-Horstenau Chapter 4: A Scandinavian Erratic amidst the Ruins of Empires. The Finnish Case Chapter 5: Ion Antonescu: the Paradoxes of his Regime: Romania Chapter 6: The Christian Social Roots of Jozef Tiso's Radicalism Chapter 7: The Willing Bystanders: Dimitrije Ljotia, 'Shield Collaboration' and the Destruction of Serbia's Jews Chapter 8: Founding Father of Modern Poland or Nationalist Anti-Semite? Roman Dmowski Chapter 9: The Czechoslovak Sphinx: 'Moderate and Reasonable Konrad Henlein' Chapter 10: Corneliu Zelea Codreanu Chapter 11: Cecile Tormay: A Gentlewoman in the Graveyard of the Hunchbacks Chapter 12: 'For Us, beloved Commander, You will never die!' Mourning Jure Francetia, Ustasha Death Squad Leader Chapter 13: Theodor Fritsch: The 'Godfather' of German Anti-Semitism Chapter 14: Ferenc Szalasi, 'Hungarism' and the Arrow Cross Chapter 15: 'Leader' or 'Devil'? Milan Stojadinovia, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia and his Ideology Chapter 16: Stepan Bandera: In Search of a Ukraine for the Ukrainians Chapter 17: Hitler's Hero: Georg von Schonerer and the Origins of Nazism Chapter 18: Gyula Gombos: An Outsider's Attempt at Radical Reform Conclusion