Independence in Latin America: Contrasts and Comparisons (Joe R. & Teresa Lozano Long Series in Latin American & Latino Art & Culture 3rd Revised edit
By: Richard Graham (author)Paperback
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In the course of fifteen momentous years, the Spanish- and the Portuguese-American empires that had endured for three centuries came to an end in the mid-1820s. How did this come about? Not all Latin Americans desired such a change, and the independence wars were civil wars, often cruel and always violent. What social and economic groups lined up on one side or the other? Were there variations from place to place, region to region? Did men and women differ in their experience of war? How did Indians and blacks participate and how did they fare as a result? In the end, who won and who lost? Independence in Latin America is about the reciprocal effect of war and social dislocation. It also demonstrates that the war itself led to national identity and so to the creation of new states. These governments generally acknowledged the novel principle of constitutionalism and popular sovereignty, even when sometimes carving out exceptions to such rules. The notion that society consisted of individuals and was not a body made up of castes, guilds, and other corporate orders had become commonplace by the end of these wars.
So international politics and military confrontations are only part of the intriguing story recounted here. For this third edition, Richard Graham has written a new introduction and extensively revised and updated the text. He has also added new illustrations and maps.
RICHARD GRAHAM is Frances Higginbotham Nalle Centennial Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Texas at Austin. He is the author of Patronage and Politics in Nineteenth-Century Brazil; Britain and the Onset of Modernization in Brazil; Independence in Latin America: A Comparative Approach; and several edited books, including The Idea of Race in Latin America, 1870-1940 and Machado de Assis: Reflections on the Brazilian Master Writer.
List of Illustrations Acknowledgments Introduction Chapter 1. Colonies in Flux Ruler and Ruled Trade with Whom? A Corporate Society Religion and the Enlightenment Haiti Chapter 2. Reactions to Change Argentina and Uruguay Chile Comparisons Venezuela Mexico Central America Comparisons Peru Brazil Comparisons Chapter 3. Toward War Who Wanted Change? European Events Spanish American Responses Chapter 4. The First War of Independence, 1810-1816 Argentina Uruguay Paraguay Chile Venezuela Colombia Peru and Bolivia Mexico Brazil Commonalities and Differences Chapter 5. The Second War of Independence, 1815-1825 Repercussion of European Events Venezuela and Colombia Argentina and Uruguay Chile, Peru, and Bolivia Mexico Central America Brazil Commonalities and Differences Chapter 6. What Changed? The Cost of War An Altered Cultural Reality Social Tensions Instability and the Caudillo Inclusion in the World Economy Documents For Further Reading Chronology Notes Glossary Illustration Credits Index
- ID: 9780292745346
3rd Revised edition
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