Rafael Catala and James Anderson have prepared this concise reference that provides access to poems from a broad cross section of poetry, literary, scholarly, popular, and general magazines, journals, and reviews published in the United States, Canada, and the Caribbean. These periodicals are listed in the "Periodicals Indexed" section, together with names of editors, addresses, issues indexed in this volume, and subscription information. Selection of periodicals is the responsibility of the editors, based on recommendations of poets, librarians, literary scholars, and publishers. Publishers participate by supplying copies of all issues to the editors. Criteria for inclusion include the quality of poems, their presentation, and the status or reputation of poets. Within these very broad and subjective guidelines, the editors attempt to include a cross section of periodicals by type of publisher and publication, place of publication, language, and type of poetry. Periodicals published outside of North America are included only if they have North American editors. This thirty-fourth annual volume was produced with the cooperation of participating periodicals from Canada, the United States, and the Caribbean. A separate index provides access by title or first line. This volume includes poems published in 2005, plus earlier years when periodical issues were delayed in publication or were received late.