Indexing consists of both novel and more traditional techniques. Cutting-edge indexing techniques, such as automatic indexing, ontologies, and topic maps, were developed independently of older techniques such as thesauri, but it is now recognized that these older methods also hold expertise.
Indexing describes various traditional and novel indexing techniques, giving information professionals and students of library and information sciences a broad and comprehensible introduction to indexing. This title consists of twelve chapters: an Introduction to subject readings and theasauri; Automatic indexing versus manual indexing; Techniques applied in automatic indexing of text material; Automatic indexing of images; The black art of indexing moving images; Automatic indexing of music; Taxonomies and ontologies; Metadata formats and indexing; Tagging; Topic maps; Indexing the web; and The Semantic Web.
Piet de Keyser is head librarian of the Katholieke Hogeschool Leuven, an institute for higher education in Louvain, Belgium. He published many articles on literary history, philosophy and library sciences. He teaches indexing in a Belgian Library and Information Sciences school.
List of figures List of abbreviations Preface About the author Chapter 1: Introduction to subject headings and thesauri Abstract: Introduction Standards for controlled vocabularies Precoordination and postcoordination General do's and don'ts in selecting index terms Subject headings Thesauri Creating and maintaining a controlled vocabulary How to find subject headings and thesauri Thesaurus software Multilingual thesauri Interoperability between vocabularies What makes a good indexing system? Chapter 2: Automatic indexing versus manual indexing Abstract: Introduction Arguments against manual indexing Is indexing by the author or editor a valuable alternative? Arguments in favour of manual indexing Some misconceptions about automatic indexing Conclusion Chapter 3: Techniques applied in automatic indexing of text material Abstract: Introduction Lexical analysis The use of stop word lists Stemming Extracting meaningful word combinations Index term weighting Linking words and word combinations to a controlled vocabulary Automatic classification What can be expected of automatic text indexing? Chapter 4: Automatic indexing of images Abstract: Introduction Images on the Internet Context-based indexing Content-based indexing Automatic image annotation Mixed techniques The purpose of it all Chapter 5: The black art of indexing moving images Abstract: Manual indexing of moving images Why index moving images automatically? Indexing based on speech or text recognition Keyframe indexing The future of video indexing Chapter 6: Automatic indexing of music Abstract: Introduction Some examples of music retrieval Indexing methods behind the retrieval Chapter 7: Taxonomies and ontologies Abstract: The librarian's strained relation to taxonomies and ontologies What are taxonomies and what are they used for? Ontologies The importance of taxonomies and ontologies Chapter 8: Metadata formats and indexing Abstract: Introduction What are metadata? Metadata and the library world Some important metadata standards Bridges between standards The benefits of metadata standards What about indexing? Chapter 9: Tagging Abstract: What is tagging? Why tagging? Advantages and disadvantages of tagging Towards a taxonomy of tagging Tagging in the book and library world User tags and author keywords How tags are displayed Conclusions Chapter 10: Topic Maps Abstract: Introduction The TAO model of Topic Maps The technical side of Topic Maps Examples of Topic Maps Are Topic Maps the future of indexing? Chapter 11: Indexing the web Abstract: Is it possible to index the web? Manual web indexes Bookmark sites Evaluation of manual web indexing Web indexing by search engines How search engines work Google's PageRank What about indexing the `deep web'? Chapter 12: The Semantic Web Abstract: Introduction The criticism against the actual web Planning Web 3.0 A timetable for the Semantic Web The Semantic Web and traditional library instruments Index