European enslavement of American Indians began with Christopher Columbus's arrival in the New World. The slave trade expanded with European colonies, and though African slave labor filled many needs, huge numbers of America's indigenous peoples continued to be captured and forced to work as slaves. Although central to the process of colony building in what became the United States, this phenomena has received scant attention from historians.
Indian Slavery in Colonial America, edited by Alan Gallay, examines the complicated dynamics of Indian enslavement. How and why Indians became both slaves of the Europeans and suppliers of slavery's victims is the subject of this book. The essays in this collection use Indian slavery as a lens through which to explore both Indian and European societies and their interactions, as well as relations between and among Native groups.
Alan Gallay is a professor of history at Texas Christian University. He is the author or editor of several books, including The Indian Slave Trade: The Rise of the English Empire in the American South, 1670-1717, winner of the 2003 Bancroft Prize, and Voices of the Old South: Eyewitness Accounts, 1528-1861.
List of Maps Introduction: Indian Slavery in Historical Context Alan Gallay 1. Indian Slavery in Colonial New England Margaret Ellen Newell 2. "They shalbe slaves for their lives": Indian Slavery in Colonial Virginia Chris Everett 3. South Carolina's Entrance into the Indian Slave Trade Alan Gallay 4. Anxious Alliances: Apalachicola Efforts to Survive the Slave Trade, 16381705 Joseph Hall 5. Apalachee Testimony in Florida: A View of Slavery from the Spanish Archives Jennifer Baszile 6. Indian Slavery in Southeastern Indian and British Societies, 16701730 Denise I. Bossy 7. The Making of a Militaristic Slaving Society: The Chickasaws and the Colonial Indian Slave Trade Robbie Ethridge 8. A Spectrum of Indian Bondage in Spanish Texas Juliana Barr 9. "We Betray Our Own Nation": Indian Slavery and Multi-ethnic Communities in the Southwest Borderlands James F. Brooks 10. "A Little Flesh We Offer You": The Origins of Indian Slavery in New France Brett Rushforth 11. John Askin and Indian Slavery at Michilimackinac E. A. S. Demers List of Contributors Index