Indians, Markets and Rainforests: Theoretical, Comparative, and Quantitative Explorations in the Neotropics
By: Ricardo A. Godoy (author)Paperback
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This book addresses two important and related questions: does participation in a market economy help or hurt indigenous peoples and how does it affect the conservation of tropical rainforest flora and fauna? Oddly, there have been few quantitative studies that have addressed these issues. Ricardo Godoy's research takes an important step toward rectifying this oversight by investigating five different lowland Amerindian societies of tropical Latin America-all of which are experiencing deep changes as they modernize. Godoy examines the effect of markets on a broad range of areas including health, conservation of flora and fauna, leisure, folk knowledge, reciprocity, and private time preference. He concludes that, contrary to considerable anthropological theory, the effect of markets on the quality of life and the rainforest are often unclear or benign. Godoy uses multivariate techniques to examine the changes modernization has had on many indicators of the quality of life and the environment and concludes that the seeds of socioeconomic differentiation may already lie dormant in simple economies.
The impact of modernization on lowland Amerindians is a topic of great concern to anthropologists, researchers, and policymakers in developing nations, and this book is a significant contribution to the debate about the likely future of indigenous people.
Ricardo A. Godoy is a visiting professor in the Sustainable International Development Program, Heller Graduate School, and research associate in the Department of Anthropology at Brandeis University. He is the author of Small-Scale Mining and Agriculture in Highland Bolivia.
Part 1. The Question, the Research Design, and the People 1. The Question and Its Significance2. Comparing Approaches3. Research Design4. Ethnographic SketchesPart 2. The Findings 5. Forest Clearance: Income, Technology, and Private Time Preference6. Game Consumption, Income, and Prices: Empirical Estimates and Implications for Conservation7. Chayanov and Netting: What Does Demography Matter?8. Chayanov and Sahlins on Work and Leisure9. Human Health: Does It Worsen with markets?10. Mishaps, Savings, and Reciprocity11. Trade and Cognition: On the Growth and Loss of Knowledge12. Time Preference, Markets, and the Evolution of Social InequalityPart 3. What We Have Learned 13. Conclusions
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- ID: 9780231117852
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