This book provides an overall increase in awareness, understanding and implementation of the recent great advances in the production and application of industrail enzymes on carbohydrate materials. The field of industrial enzyme application has grown tremendously in the last ten years, because of the high specificity of enzymes to catalyze industrial processing reactions,the availablity of thousands of enzymes, and ,especially, the rapid growth of protein engineerign and genetically modified organismsto dramatically reduce production times and costs for new enzymes. Industrial enzymes also offer more environmentally friendly and scaleable industrial processes for the conversion of carbohydrate based materials into a diversity of value-added products, inculding the new 'biofuels'. The book focuses on carbohydrate materials as they are renewable, and the most abundant and relatively low cost organic materials in nature such as lignocellulosic waste biomass, especially compared to traditional petroleum and gas feedstocks of ever increasing costs. Multiple industries are purposely highlighted so that various viewpoints can be exchanged.
The chapters are arranged into four particularly fast-growing areas: (1) biofuel and industrial chemicals, (2) food industry, (3) textile industry sector, and (4) basic research to underpin future advances. With contributing authors from industry, government, and academia, worldwide, the book provides an up-to-date review of this exciting and rapidly developing field.
Preface ; 1. Advances in the Industrial Application of Enzymes on Carbohydrate Based Materials ; 2. Development of Improved Cellulase Mixtures in a Single Production Organism ; 3. Biocatalytic Conversion of Granular Starch to Industrial Chemicals ; 4. New Enzymes and Products of the Anhydrofructose Pathway of Starch Catabolism ; 5. Stabilization and Activation of Nine Starch Degrading Enzymes and Significant Differences in the Activities of -Amylases Assayed on Eight Different Starches ; 6. Overcoming Practicle Probems of Enzyme Applications in Industrial Processes: Dextranases in the Sugar Industry ; 7. Effect of Commercial Enzymes on Color and Total Polysaccharide Content in Sugarcane and Sugarbeet Juice ; 8. Auqeous Enzymatic Oil Extraction: A "Green" Bioprocess to Obtain Oil from Corn Germ and other Oil Rich Plant Materials ; 9. Application of a Thermostable Pectate Lyase in the Bioscouring of Cotton Fabrics at Laboratory and Pilot Scales ; 10. Intensification of Enzymatic Reactions in Heterogeneous Systems by Low Intensity, Uniform Sonication: New Rad to "Green Chemistry" ; 11. Biomimicking of Glucose Oxidase for Bleaching of Cotton Fabric ; 12. New Uses for Immobilized Enzymes and Substrates on Cotton and Cellulose Fibers ; 13. New Developments on Enzymatic Treatments on Celluosic Fibers ; 14. Phosphorylases in the Production of Oligosaccharides ; 15. Paradigm for Improving the Catalytic Ability of Industrial Enzymes: Linkage Distortions of Carbohydrates in Complexes with Crystalline Proteins