In recent years natural fibers have become increasingly popular for use in industrial applications as reinforcement for plastics. This essential resource brings detailed information on natural fibers from agriculture to the final product. The coverage encompasses processing steps from agriculture, fiber separation, fiber processing to the manufacturing of the final product, focusing on important materials with emerging applications in polymer composites, non-woven or felted products and textiles. This is a key guide for professional industrial researchers working in production processing, and students and academics in these areas.
Series Preface. Preface. Foreword. List of Contributors. List of Illustrators. PART I BACKGROUND. 1 Historic Usage and Preservation of Cultural Heritage(Fenella G. France). 2 What Are Natural Fibres? 2.1 Chemistry of Plant Fibres (Danny E. Akin). 2.2 Natural Fibres Function in Nature (Michaela Ederand Ingo Burgert). 2.3 Types of Fibre (Jorg Mussig and TanjaSlootmaker). 3 Economic Aspects. 3.1 Grades and Standards (Axel Drieling and JorgMussig). 3.2 Technical Applications of Natural Fibres: An Overview(Nina Graupner and Jorg Mussig). 3.3 Natural Fibres in Technical Applications: Market and Trends(Stephan Piotrowski and Michael Carus). PART II VEGETABLE FIBRES. 4 Flax Structure, Chemistry, Retting and Processing(Danny E. Akin). 5 Hemp Cultivation, Extraction and Processing(Stefano Amaducci and Hans-Jorg Gusovius). 6 Jute A Versatile Natural Fibre. Cultivation,Extraction and Processing (Md. Siddiqur Rahmani). 7 Abaca Cultivation, Extraction and Processing(Friedhelm Goltenboth and Werner Muhlbaueri). 8 Sisal Cultivation, Processing and Products (RajeshD. Anandjiwala and Maya Johni). 9 Coir Coconut Cultivation, Extraction and Processing ofCoir (Chitrangani Jayasekara and Nalinie Amarasinghe). 10 Cotton Production and Processing (Muhammed RafiqChaudhry). PART III ANIMAL FIBRES. 11 Mulberry Silk, Spider Dragline and Recombinant Silks (AnjaGli ovi and Fritz Vollrath). 12 Wool Structure, Mechanical Properties and TechnicalProducts based on Animal Fibres (Crisan Popescu and Franz-JosefWortmann). PART IV TESTING AND QUALITY MANAGEMENT. 13 Testing Methods for Measuring Physical and Mechanical FibreProperties (Plant and Animal Fibres) (Jorg Mussig,Holger Fischer, Nina Graupner and Axel Drieling). 14 SEM Catalogue for Animal and Plant Fibres (TanjaSlootmaker and Jorg Mussig). 15 Combined (In Situ) Methods (Ingo Burgert andMichaela Eder). 16 DNA-Analytical Identification of Species and GeneticModifications in Natural Fibres (Lothar Kruse). 17 Cotton/Worldwide Harmonisation (Axel Drieling andJean-Paul Gourlot). 18 Flax ASTM Standardisation and Harmonisation (DannyE. Akin). PART V APPLICATIONS: CURRENT AND POTENTIAL. 19 Composites. 19.1 Historical, Contemporary and Future Applications (TuomasHanninen and Mark Hughes). 19.2 Design, Material Properties and Databases (Erwin Baurand Frank Otremba). 19.3 Natural Fibre Composite Processing: A Technical Overview(Tim Huber, Nina Graupner and Jorg Mussig ). 19.4 Natural Fibre-Reinforced Polymers in Automotive InteriorApplications (Eugen Promper). 19.5 Composites Based on Natural Resources (Martien van denOever and Harriette Bos). 19.6 Cellulose Nanocomposites (Sanchita Bandyopadhyay-Ghosh,Subrata Bandhu Ghosh and Mohini Sain). 20 Insulation Materials Based on Natural Fibres (FranzNeubauer). 21 Natural Fibres in Geotextiles for Soil Protection and ErosionControl (Gero Leson, Michael V. Harding, and KlausDippon). Index.