The first text available devoted completely to industrial ecology/green engineering, this introduction provides everything instructors need to teach a successful course-including visuals-in one source. The authors use industrial ecology principles and cases to ground the discussion of sustainable engineering, and thus offer practical and reasonable approaches to an otherwise difficult and sometimes otherworldly subject.
INTRODUCING THE FIELD 1. TECHNOLOGY AND SUSTAINABILITY 1.1 An integrated system 1.2 The tragedy of the commons 1.3 The master equation 1.4 Technological evolution 1.5 Addressing the challenge Further Reading 2. INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY AND SUSTAINABLE ENGINEERING CONCEPTS 2.1 From contemporaneous thinking to forward thinking 2.2 The greening of engineering 2.3 Linking industrial activity with environmental and social sciences 2.4 The challenge of quantification and rigor 2.5 Key questions of industrial ecology and sustainable engineering 2.6 An overview of this book Further Reading PART II. FRAMEWORK TOPICS 3. THE RELEVANCE OF BIOLOGICAL ECOLOGY TO TECHNOLOGY 3.1 Considering the analogy 3.2 Biological and industrial organisms 3.3 Biological and industrial ecosystems 3.4 Engineering by biological and industrial organisms 3.5 Evolution 3.6 The utility of the ecological approach Further Reading 4. METABOLIC ANALYSIS 4.1 The concept of metabolism 4.2 Metabolisms of biological organisms 4.3 Metabolisms of industrial organisms 4.4 The utility of metabolic analysis Further Reading 5. TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE AND EVOLVING RISK 5.1 Historical patterns in technological evolution 5.2 Approaches to risk 5.3 Risk assessment 5.4 Risk communication 5.5 Risk management Further Reading 6. THE SOCIAL DIMENSIONS OF INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY 6.1 Framing industrial ecology and sustainable engineering within society 6.2 Cultural constructs and temporal scales 6.3 Social ecology 6.4 Consumption 6.5 Government and governance 6.6 Legal and ethical concerns 6.7 Economics and industrial ecology Further Reading 7. THE CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABILITY 7.1 Is humanity's path unsustainable? 7.2 Components of a sustainability transition 7.3 Quantifying sustainability 7.3.1 Example 1: Sustainable supplies of zinc 7.3.2 Example 2: Sustainable supplies of germanium 7.3.3 Example 3: Sustainable production of greenhouse gases 7.3.4 Issues in quantifying sustainability 7.4 Linking industrial ecology activities to sustainability 7.4.1 The Grand Objectives 7.4.2 Linking the grand objectives to environmental science 7.4.3 Targeted activities of technological societies 7.4.4 Actions for an industrialized society Further Reading PART III. IMPLEMENTATION 8. SUSTAINABLE ENGINEERING 8.1 Engineering and the industrial sequence 8.2 Green chemistry 8.3 Green engineering 8.4 The process design challenge 8.5 Pollution prevention 8.6 The challenge of water availability 8.7 The process life cycle 8.7.1 Resource provisioning 8.7.2 Process implementation 8.7.3 Primary process operation 8.7.4 Complementary process operation 8.7.5 Refurbishment, recycling, and disposal 8.8 Green technology and sustainability Further Reading 9. INDUSTRIAL PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT 9.1 The product development challenge 9.2 Conceptual tools for product designers 9.2.1 The Pugh selection matrix 9.2.2 The house of quality 9.3 Design for X 9.4 Product design teams 9.5 The Product Realization Process Further Reading 10. DESIGN FOR ENVIRONMENT AND FOR SUSTAINABILITY 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Choosing materials 10.3 Combining materials 10.4 Product delivery 10.5 The product use phase 10.6 Designing for reuse and recycling 10.6.1 The comet diagram 10.6.2 Approaches to design for recycling 10.7 Guidelines for ecodesign Further Reading 11. AN INTRODUCTION TO LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT 11.1 The concept of the life cycle 11.2 The LCA framework 11.3 Goal setting and scope determination 11.4 Defining boundaries 11.4.1 Level of detail boundaries 11.4.2 The natural ecosystem boundary 11.4.3 Boundaries in space and time 11.4.4 Choosing boundaries 11.5 Approaches to data acquisition 11.6 The life cycle of industrial products 11.7 The utility of life-cycle inventory analysis Further Reading 12. THE LCA IMPACT AND INTERPRETATION STAGES 12.1 LCA impact analysis 12.2 Interpretation 12.2.1 Identify significant issues in the results 12.2.2 Evaluate the data used in the LCA 12.2.3 Draw conclusions and recommendations 12.3 LCA software 12.4 Prioritizing recommendations 12.4.1 Approaches to prioritization 12.4.2 The action-agent prioritization diagram 12.4.3 The life-stage prioritization diagram 12. 5The limitations of LCA Further Reading 13. STREAMLINING THE LCA PROCESS 13.1 Needs of the LCA user community 13.2 The assessment continuum 13.3 Preserving perspective while streamlining 13.4 The SLCA matrix 13.5 Target plots 13.6 Assessing generic automobiles of yesterday and today 13.7 Weighting in SLCA 13.8 SLCA assets and liabilities 13.9 The LCA/SLCA family Further Reading PART IV. ANALYSIS OF TECHNOLOGICAL SYSTEMS 14. SYSTEMS ANALYSIS 14.1 The systems concept 14.2 The adaptive cycle 14.3 Holarchies 14.4 The phenomenon of emergent behavior 14.5 Adaptive management of technological holarchies Further Reading 15. INDUSTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS 15.1 Ecosystems and food chains 15.2 Food webs 15.3 Industrial symbiosis 15.4 Designing and developing symbiotic industrial ecosystems 15.5 Uncovering and stimulating industrial ecosystems 15.6 Island biogeography and island industrogeography Further Reading 16. MATERIAL FLOW ANALYSIS 16.1 Budgets and cycles 16.2 Resource analyses in industrial ecology 16.2.1 Elemental substance analyses 16.2.2 Molecular analyses 16.3 The balance between natural and anthropogenic mobilization of resources 16.4 The utility of substance flow analysis Further Reading 17. NATIONAL MATERIAL ACCOUNTS 17.1 National -level accounting 17.2 Country-level metabolisms 17.3 Embodiments in trade 17.4 Resource productivity 17.5 Input-output tables 17.6 The utility of metabolic and resource analyses Further Reading 18. ENERGY AND INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY 18.1 Energy and organisms 18.2 Energy and the product life cycle 18.3 The energy cycle for a substance 18.4 National and global energy analyses 18.5 Energy and mineral resources 18.6 Energy and industrial ecology Further Reading 19. WATER AND INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY 19.1 Water: An introduction 19.2 Water and organisms 19.3 Water and products 19.4 The water footprint 19.5Water quality 19.6 Industrial ecology and water futures Further Reading 20. URBAN INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY 20.1 The city as an organism 20.2 Urban metabolic flows 20.3 Urban metabolic stocks 20.4 Urban metabolic histories 20.5 Urban mining 20.6 Potential benefits of urban metabolic studies Further Reading 21. MODELING IN INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY 21.1 What is an industrial ecology model? 21.2 Building the conceptual model 21.2.1 The Class 1 industrial ecology model 21.2.2 The Class 2 industrial ecology model 21.2.3 The Class 3 industrial ecology model 21.3 Running and evaluating industrial ecology models 21.3.1 Implementing the model 21.3.2 Model validation 21.4 Examples of industrial ecology models 21.5 The status of industrial ecology models Further Reading PART V. THINKING AHEAD 22. SCENARIOS FOR INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY 22.1 What is an industrial ecology scenario? 22.2 Building the scenario 22.3 Examples of industrial ecology scenarios 22.4 The status of industrial ecology scenarios Further Reading 23. THE STATUS OF RESOURCES 23.1 Introduction 23.2 Mineral resources scarcity 23.3 Cumulative supply curves 23.4 Energy resources 23.5 Water resources 23.6 Summary Further Reading 24. INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY AND SUSTAINABLE ENGINEERING IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES 24.1 The three groupings 24.2 RDC/SDC dynamics and perspectives 24.3 Thoughts on development in LDCs Further Reading 25. INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY AND SUSTAINABILITY IN THE CORPORATION 25.1 The manufacturing sector, industrial ecology, and sustainability 25.2 The service sector, industrial ecology, and sustainability 25.3 Environment and sustainability as strategic 25.4 The corporate economic benefits of environment and sustainability 25.5 Implementing industrial ecology in the corporation Further Reading 26. INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY AND SUSTAINABILITY IN GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY 26.1 Ecological engineering 26.2 Earth systems engineering and management 26.3 Regional scale ESEM: The Florida Everglades 26.4 Global scale ESEM: Stratospheric ozone and CFCs 26.5 Global scale ESEM: Combating global warming 26.6 The principles of ESEM 26.6.1 Theoretical principles of ESEM 26.6.2 Governance principles of ESEM 26.6.3 Design and engineering principles of ESEM 26.7 Facing the ESEM question Further Reading 27. LOOKING TO THE FUTURE 27.1 A status report 27.2 No simple answers 27.3 Foci for research 27.4 Themes and transitions Further Reading APPENDICES UNITS OF MEASUREMENT IN INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY SLCA GUIDELINES GLOSSARY INDEX
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