Industrial Ecology: Towards Closing the Materials Cycle

Industrial Ecology: Towards Closing the Materials Cycle

By: Leslie Ayres (author), Professor Robert U. Ayres (author)Hardback

2 - 4 weeks availability

£105.00 With FREE Saver Delivery


Examines strategic options for reducing wastes and pollution, and increasing the productivity of materials using an industrial ecology perspective. The volume analyzes 13 generic cases, beginning with four families of metals (aluminium, chromium, copper and zinc), several families of chemicals (phosphates and flourine; sulfur-based, nitrogen-based and chlorine-based), silicon and several different types of waste. The book also discusses opportunities for creating "industrial ecosystems" by deliberate design which, using new processes in some instances, would facilitate the use of low value by-products as feed stocks for useful products. Apart from surveying the technological possibilities, the book also considers the public interest, institutional barriers and the range of possible alternatives that might be applicable. The book attempts to go beyond general statements regarding the desirability of "clean technology" and to assess realistically and quantitatively the range of practicable possibilities for reducing materials extraction, consumption and waste.

Create a review


Introduction - material perspective; resource perspective; alumina, aluminium and gallium; copper, cobalt, silver and arsenic; chromium sources, uses and losses; zinc and cadmium; sulfur and sulfuric acid; phosphorus, flourine and gypsum; nitrogen-based chemicals; the chlor-alkali sector; electronic grade silicon (EGS) for semiconductors; post-consumer packaging wastes; scrap tires; coal ash - sources and possible uses; on industrial ecosystems. Appendices: Production and consumption data; data sources for the study.

Product Details

  • publication date: 01/10/1996
  • ISBN13: 9781858983974
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 416
  • ID: 9781858983974
  • weight: 734
  • ISBN10: 1858983975

Delivery Information

  • Saver Delivery: Yes
  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
  • Courier Delivery: Yes
  • Store Delivery: Yes

Prices are for internet purchases only. Prices and availability in WHSmith Stores may vary significantly