Industrial High Pressure Applications: Processes, Equipment and Safety

Industrial High Pressure Applications: Processes, Equipment and Safety

By: Rudolf Eggers (editor)Hardback

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Industrial high pressure processes open the door to many reactions that are not possible under 'normal' conditions. These are to be found in such different areas as polymerization, catalytic reactions, separations, oil and gas recovery, food processing, biocatalysis and more. The most famous high pressure process is the so-called Haber-Bosch process used for fertilizers and which was awarded a Nobel prize. Following an introduction on historical development, the current state, and future trends, this timely and comprehensive publication goes on to describe different industrial processes, including methanol and other catalytic syntheses, polymerization and renewable energy processes, before covering safety and equipment issues. With its excellent choice of industrial contributions, this handbook offers high quality information not found elsewhere, making it invaluable reading for a broad and interdisciplinary audience.

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About Author

Rudolf Eggers has been dealing with basic research and application of high pressure processes since 1977 when he started his industrial career at Thyssen Maschinenbau in Witten and Krupp Industrietechnik in Hamburg. As the head of the process engineering department he became responsible for the introduction of supercritical extraction plants in industrial scale. Prior to that he studied mechanical and process engineering at Technische Universitat Hannover (1966 - 1971) and worked as a research assistant at the institute of energy process technique of the Technische Universitat Clausthal (1971 - 1977) where he received the PhD degree in 1976. In 1984 he was appointed from industry to a professorship for high pressure processes at the Technische Universitat Hamburg-Harburg. Since then Rudolf Eggers supervised a research group. His research fields are aligned to high pressure processes, evaluation of corresponding thermo physical data, interfacial phenomena and heat and mass transfer. In 1988, 1998 and 1999 Rudolf Eggers refused three further appointments from a national research institute and universities in Germany. He is member of scientific comities and author of more than 130 publications, mainly on high pressure processes.


PREFACE PART ONE: Introduction HISTORICAL RETROSPECT ON HIGH-PRESSURE PROCESSES BASIC ENGINEERING ASPECTS What are the Specifics of High-Pressure Processes? Thermodynamic Aspects: Phase Equilibrium Software and Data Collection Phase Equilibrium: Experimental Methods and Measuring Devices Interfacial Phenomena and Data Material Properties and Transport Data for Heat and Mass Transfer Evaporation and Condensation at High Pressures Condensation PART TWO: Processes CATALYTIC AND NONCATALYTIC CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS Thermodynamics as Driver for Selection of High Pressure Ammonia Synthesis Process Urea Process General Aspects of HP Equipment LOW-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE HIGH-PRESSURE PROCESS Introduction Reaction Kinetics and Thermodynamics Process Products and Properties Simulation Tools and Advanced Process Control HIGH-PRESSURE HOMOGENIZATION FOR THE PRODUCTION OF EMULSIONS Motivation: Why High-Pressure Homogenization for Emulsification Processes? Equipment: High-Pressure Homogenizers Processes: Emulsification and Process Functions Homogenization Processes Using SEM-Type Valves Summary and Outlook POWER PLANT PROCESSES: HIGH-PRESSURE-HIGH-TEMPERATURE PLANTS Introduction Coal-Fired Steam Power Plants Steam Generator High-Pressure Steam Turbines Summary and Outlook HIGH-PRESSURE APPLICATION IN ENHANCED CRUDE OIL RECOVERY Introduction Fundamentals Enhanced Oil Recovery Oil Reservoir Stimulation Heavy Oil Recovery Hydrates in Oil Recovery Equipment SUPERCRITICAL PROCESSES Introduction Processing of Solid Material Processing of Liquids Future Trends IMPACT OF HIGH-PRESSURE ON ENZYMES Introduction Influence of Pressure on Biomatter Influence of Pressure on the Kinetics of Enzyme Inactivation Technological Aspects Summary HIGH PRESSURE IN RENEWABLE ENERGY PROCESSES Introduction Thermochemical Processes Hydrothermal Processes MANUFACTURING PROCESSES Autofrettage: A High-Pressure Process to Improve Fatigue Lifetime Waterjet Cutting Technology PART THREE: Process Equipment and Safety HIGH-PRESSURE COMPONENTS Materials for High-Pressure Components Pressure Vessels Heat Exchangers Valves Piping HIGH-PRESSURE PUMPS AND COMPRESSORS Selection of Machinery Influence of the Fluid on Selection and Design of the Machinery Design Standards for High-Pressure Machines Materials and Materials Testing High-Pressure Centrifugal Pumps and High-Pressure Turbocompressors Rotating Positive Displacement Machines Reciprocating Positive Displacement Machines HIGH-PRESSURE MEASURING DEVICES AND TEST EQUIPMENT Introduction Process Data Measuring - Online Lab Determination - Additional Offline Test Equipment Safety Aspects Future SIZING OF HIGH-PRESSURE SAFETY VALVES FOR GAS SERVICE Standard Valve Sizing Procedure Limits of the Standard Valve Sizing Procedure Development of a Sizing Method for Real Gas Applications Sizing of Safety Valves for Real Gas Flow Summary

Product Details

  • publication date: 15/10/2011
  • ISBN13: 9783527325863
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 422
  • ID: 9783527325863
  • weight: 946
  • ISBN10: 3527325867

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