Inflation Targeting: Lessons from the International Experience

Inflation Targeting: Lessons from the International Experience

By: Frederic S. Mishkin (author), Ben S. Bernanke (author), Thomas Laubach (author), Adam S. Posen (author)Paperback

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Description

How should governments and central banks use monetary policy to create a healthy economy? Traditionally, policymakers have used such strategies as controlling the growth of the money supply or pegging the exchange rate to a stable currency. In recent years a promising new approach has emerged: publicly announcing and pursuing specific targets for the rate of inflation. This book is the first in-depth study of inflation targeting. Combining penetrating theoretical analysis with detailed empirical studies of countries where inflation targeting has been adopted, the authors show that the strategy has clear advantages over traditional policies. They argue that the U.S. Federal Reserve and the European Central Bank should adopt this strategy, and they make specific proposals for doing so. The book begins by explaining the unique features and advantages of inflation targeting. The authors argue that the simplicity and openness of inflation targeting make it far easier for the public to understand the intent and effects of monetary policy. This strategy also increases policymakers' accountability for inflation performance and can accommodate flexible, even "discretionary," monetary policy actions without sacrificing central banks' credibility. The authors examine how well variants of this approach have worked in nine countries: Germany and Switzerland (which employ a money-focused form of inflation targeting), New Zealand, Canada, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Israel, Spain, and Australia. They show that these countries have typically seen lower inflation, lower inflation expectations, and lower nominal interest rates, and have found that one-time shocks to the price level have less of a "pass-through" effect on inflation. These effects, in turn, are improving the climate for economic growth. The authors warn, however, that the success of inflation targeting depends on operational details, such as how the targets are defined and when they are announced. They also show that inflation targeting is not a panacea that can make inflation perfectly predictable or reduce it without economic costs. Clear, balanced, and authoritative, Inflation Targeting is a groundbreaking study that will have a major impact on the debate over the right monetary strategy for the coming decades. As a unique comparative study of what central banks actually do in different countries around the world, this book will also be invaluable to anyone interested in how economic policy is made.

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About Author

Ben S. Bernanke is Howard Harrison and Gabrielle Snyder Beck Professor of Economics and Public Affairs at Princeton University. Thomas Laubach is an economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City. Frederic S. Mishkin is A. Barton Hepburn Professor of Economics at Columbia University's Graduate School of Business and former Director of Research at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Adam S. Posen is Research Fellow at the Institute for International Economics.

Contents

List of FiguresPrefacePt. 1Inflation Targeting: The Issues11Introduction32The Rationale for Inflation Targeting103Issues of Design and Implementation26Pt. 2Case Studies and Empirical Evidence394German and Swiss Monetary Targeting: Precursors to Inflation Targeting415New Zealand: Inflation-Targeting Pioneer866Canada: Inflation Targets as Tools of Communication1157United Kingdom: The Central Bank as Counterinflationary Conscience1458Sweden: Searching for a Nominal Anchor1729Three Small Open Economies: Israel, Australia, and Spain20310Inflation Targeting: How Successful Has It Been?252Pt. 3Conclusions28511What Have We Learned?28712Inflation Targeting for the United States and the European Monetary Union309Notes335References355Index367

Product Details

  • publication date: 03/01/2001
  • ISBN13: 9780691086897
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 392
  • ID: 9780691086897
  • weight: 571
  • ISBN10: 0691086893

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