Information Ethics: Privacy, Property, and Power
By: Adam Daniel Moore (editor)Paperback
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This anthology focuses on the ethical issues surrounding information control in the broadest sense. Anglo-American institutions of intellectual property protect and restrict access to vast amounts of information. Ideas and expressions captured in music, movies, paintings, processes of manufacture, human genetic information, and the like are protected domestically and globally. The ethical issues and tensions surrounding free speech and information control intersect in at least two important respects. First, the commons of thought and expression is threatened by institutions of copyright, patent, and trade secret. While institutions of intellectual property may be necessary for innovation and social progress they may also be detrimental when used by the privileged and economically advantaged to control information access, consumption, and expression. Second, free speech concerns have been allowed to trump privacy interests in all but the most egregious of cases. At the same time, our ability to control access to information about ourselves--what some call "informational privacy"--is rapidly diminishing.
Data mining and digital profiling are opening up what most would consider private domains for public consumption and manipulation. Post-9/11, issues of national security have run headlong into individual rights to privacy and free speech concerns. While constitutional guarantees against unwarranted searches and seizures have been relaxed, access to vast amounts of information held by government agencies, libraries, and other information storehouses has been restricted in the name of national security.
Adam D. Moore is assistant professor of philosophy and also teaches in the Information School at the University of Washington.
Acknowledgments1. Introduction--Adam D. Moor and Kristene UnsworthPart I. An Ethical Framework for Analysis2. Introduction to Moral Reasoning--Tom Regan3. Utilitarianism--John Stuart Mill4. The Metaphysics of Morals--Immanuel Kant5. Feminist Transformations of Moral Theory--Virginia HeldDiscussion Cases--Trapped in an Underwater Sea Cave--The Case of Reluctant Donation--Killing 1 to Save 9--Torturing for Good ConsequencesPart II. Intellectual Property: Moral and Legal Concerns6. Intellectual Property is Still Property--Frank H. Easterbrook7. Are Patents and Copyrights Morally Justified?--Tom G. Palmer8. Biopiracy or Bioprivateering?--Richard Stallman9. Intangible Property: Privacy, Power, and Information Control--Adam D. Moore10. Why Collaborative Free Works Should be Protected by the Law--Lawrence SangerDiscussion Cases--Libraries and Fair Use--No Harm No Foul--Right?--Making an Extra Back-up Copy; File SharingPart III. Privacy and Information Control11. The Right to Privacy--Samuel D. Warren and Louis D. Brandeis12. The Social Life of Genes: Privacy, Property, and the New Genetics--Margaret Everett13. Employee Monitoring: Evaluation Surveillance v. Privacy--Adam D. Moore14. Personal Autonomy and Caller ID--James Stacey TaylorDiscussion Cases--Video Voyeurs and Privacy--Menos Greece and Sickle-cell AnemiaShahar v. BowersPart IV. Freedom of Speech and Information Control15. Rationales for Freedom of Speech--Kent Greenawalt16. Digital Speech and Democratic Culture: A Theory of Freedom of Expression for the Information Society--Jack M. Balkin17. Privacy, Photography, and the Press--T. Allen et al.Discussion Cases--Who Owns Your Image: Cape Pub. v. Bridges, Florida 1982Sipple v. San Francisco Chronicle Inc.Photographs and the Protest against the War in VietnamPart V. Governmental and Societal Control of Information18. Carnivore, the FBI's E-mail Surveillance System: Devouring Criminals, Not Privacy--Griffin S. Dunham19. Privacy Isn't Everything: Accountability as a Personal and Social Good--Anita Allen20. National Security at What Price? A Look into Civil Liberty Concerns in the Information Age under the USA Patriot Act--Jacob R. LillyDiscussion Cases--Encryption and National Security--Wearing an Anti-Disclosure Suit--Racial Profiling and TerrorismSelected BibliographyIndex
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