Which kinds of growth lead to increased employment and which do not? This is one of the questions which this volume attempts to answer. It explores the complex relationships between innovation, growth and employment that are vital for both research into, and policy for, the creation of jobs. Politicians claiming that more rapid growth would remedy unemployment do not usually specify what kind of growth is meant. Is it, for example, economic (GDP) or productivity growth? Growing concern over "jobless growth" requires both policymakers and researchers to make such distinctions, and to clarify their employment implications. The authors initially address their theoretical approach to, and conceptualization of, innovation and employment, where the distinction between process and product innovations and between high-tech and low-tech goods and services are central. They go on to address the relationship between innovation and employment, using empirical material to analyze the effects that different kinds of innovations have upon job creation and destruction. Finally, the volume summarizes the findings and addresses conclusions as well as policy implications.
Part 1 Theoretical approach and conceptual framework: a systems of innovation perspective on employment; specification of basic concepts. Part 2 Innovations and employment: process innovations and employment; product innovations and employment; dynamic and secondary effects of systemic interaction. Part 3 Summary, conclusions and policy implications: summary and conclusions; implications for public policy and firm strategy. Appendices: defining and measuring product and process innovations; organizational innovations; taxonomies of innovation.
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- ID: 9781840644272
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