Brought together in this volume are fourteen studies using a range of modern instrumental methods - acoustic and articulatory - to investigate the phonetics of several North African and Middle Eastern varieties of Arabic. Topics covered include syllable structure, quantity, assimilation, guttural and emphatic consonants and their pharyngeal and laryngeal mechanisms, intonation, and language acquisition. In addition to presenting new data and new descriptions and interpretations, a key aim of the volume is to demonstrate the depth of objective analysis that instrumental methods can enable researchers to achieve. A special feature of many chapters is the use of more than one type of instrumentation to give different perspectives on phonetic properties of Arabic speech which have fascinated scholars since medieval times. The volume will be of interest to phoneticians, phonologists and Arabic dialectologists, and provides a link between traditional qualitative accounts of spoken Arabic and modern quantitative methods of instrumental phonetic analysis.
1. Acknowledgements; 2. List of contributors; 3. Transliteration and transcription symbols for Arabic; 4. Introduction (by Heselwood, Barry); 5. Part I. Issues in syntagmatic structure; 6. Preliminary study of Moroccan Arabic word-initial consonant clusters and syllabification using electromagnetic articulography (by Gafos, Adamantios I.); 7. An acoustic phonetic study of quantity and quantity complementarity in Swedish and Iraqi Arabic (by Hassan, Zeki Majeed); 8. Assimilation of /l/ to /r/ in Syrian Arabic: An electropalatographic and acoustic study (by Heselwood, Barry); 9. Part II. Guttural consonants; 10. A study of the laryngeal and pharyngeal consonants in Jordanian Arabic using nasoendoscopy, videofluoroscopy and spectrography (by Heselwood, Barry); 11. A phonetic study of guttural laryngeals in Palestinian Arabic using laryngoscopic and acoustic analysis (by Shahin, Kimary N.); 12. Airflow and acoustic modelling of pharyngeal and uvular consonants in Moroccan Arabic (by Yeou, Mohamed); 13. Part III. Emphasis and coronal consonants; 14. Nasoendoscopic, videofluoroscopic and acoustic study of plain and emphatic coronals in Jordanian Arabic (by Al-Tamimi, Feda); 15. Acoustic and electromagnetic articulographic study of pharyngealisation: Coarticulatory effects as an index of stylistic and regional variation in Arabic (by Embarki, Mohamed); 16. Investigating the emphatic feature in Iraqi Arabic: Acoustic and articulatory evidence of coarticulation (by Hassan, Zeki Majeed); 17. Glottalisation and neutralisation in Yemeni Arabic and Mehri: An acoustic study (by Watson, Janet C.E.); 18. The phonetics of localising uvularisation in Ammani-Jordanian Arabic: An acoustic study (by Zawaydeh, Bushra Adnan); 19. EMA, endoscopic, ultrasound and acoustic study of two secondary articulations in Moroccan Arabic: Labial-velarisation vs. emphasis (by Zeroual, Chakir); 20. Part IV. Intonation and acquisition; 21. Acoustic cues to focus and givenness in Egyptian Arabic (by Hellmuth, Sam); 22. Acquisition of Lebanese Arabic and Yorkshire English /l/ by bilingual and monolingual children: A comparative spectrographic study (by Khattab, Ghada); 23. Appendix: Phonetic instrumentation used in the studies