The dynamics of water, carbon, and nitrogen cycles so critical to mankind's well-being reflect the complex interaction of atmospheric, biological, geochemical, and hydrological factors. Written by an interdisciplinary team of biologists, hydrologists, and atmospheric scientists, this important text critically reviews the experimental, observational, and modeling approaches that have been used to describe biosphere-hydrosphere-atmosphere interactions, especially with regard to feedback controls. They examine how these modeling approaches can be used to determine which types of systems descriptions most help evaluate the effects of a particular landscape structure. The book also discusses: landscape function determined by remote sensing; ecosystem function affected by hydrological lateral flows; and the role of temporal and spatial ecosystem dynamics.
The Dahlem Konferenzen. List of Participants. 1. Ecosystem Studies, Land-Use Change, and Resource Management (J. Tenhunen, et al.). 2. Remote Sensing Requirements to Drive Ecosystem Models at the Landscape and Regional Scale (R. Waring and S. Running). 3. What Practical Information About Land-Surface Function Can Be Determined by Remote Sensing?: Where Do We Stand? (S. Prince). 4. Remote Sensing-What Will We Get? (W. Mauser, et al.). 5. Group Report: Remote Sensing Perspectives and Insights for Study of Complex Landscapes (C. Wessman, et al.). 6. Land-Surface Influences on Atmospheric Dynamics and Precipitation (R. Pielke, et al.). 7. Ecological Controls on Land-Surface Atmospheric Interactions (R. Valentini, et al.). 8. Effects of Landscape Pattern and Topography on Emissions and Transport (F. Meixner and W. Eugster). 9. Group Report: How Is the Atmospheric Coupling of Land Surfaces Affected by Topography, Complexity in Landscape Patterning, and the Vegetation Mosaic? (M. Raupach, et al.). 10. The Role of Later al Flow: Over- or Underrated? (E. Wood). 11. The Importance of Root Distributions for Hydrology, Biogeochemistry, and Ecosystem Functioning (R. Jackson). 12. Regional-scale Export of C, N, P, and Sediment: What River Data Tell Us about Key Controlling Variables (N. Caraco and J. Cole). 13. Group Report: How Is Ecosystem Function Affected by Hydrological Lateral Flows in Complex Landscapes? (L. Menzel, et al.). 14. Do Landscape Structural and Functional Units Exist? (J. Reynolds and J. Wu). 15. Effect of Landscape Fragmentation, Disturbance, and Succession on Ecosystem Function (I. Noble). 16. Can We Close the Water/Carbon/Nitrogen Budget for Complex Landscapes? (J. Aber). 17. Group Report: Hydrological and Biogeochemical Processes in Complex Landscapes-What Is the Role of Temporal and Spatial Ecosystem Dynamics? (J. Aber, et al.). Author Index. Subject Index.