Building welcoming communities is as much a local project as a national one. This volume explores the activities of provincial and municipal governments, as well as a range of other important local societal players. Case studies of each of the provinces, as well as the territories, are included, as are chapters on the history of federal-provincial cooperation in immigration, and the development of provincial multiculturalism policies and programs. Each chapter provides an overview of immigration, settlement and diversity in the province or territory, an examination of the key players in the integration and inclusion of newcomers and minorities, and a discussion of specific challenges. This allows comparisons and an exploratory mapping of the range of participants and the investments - both human and financial - that have been made in the integration and inclusion of newcomers and minorities at the provincial level.