Intelligence, Genes, and Success: Scientists Respond to "the Bell Curve"

Intelligence, Genes, and Success: Scientists Respond to "the Bell Curve"

By: Stephen E. Fienberg (editor), Bernie Devlin (editor), Kathryn Roeder (editor), Daniel P. Resnick (editor)Paperback

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Description

A scientific response to the best-selling The Bell Curve which set off a hailstorm of controversy upon its publication in 1994. Much of the public reaction to the book was polemic and failed to analyse the details of the science and validity of the statistical arguments underlying the books conclusion. Here, at last, social scientists and statisticians reply to The Bell Curve and its conclusions about IQ, genetics and social outcomes.

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Contents

I Overview.- 1 Reexamining The Bell Curve.- The Bell Curve'sArgument.- The History of the Argument.- Our Response to The Bell Curve.- 2 A Synopsis of The Bell Curve.- The Emergence of a Cognitive Elite.- Cognitive Classes and Social Behavior.- The National Context.- Living Together.- II The Genetics-Intelligence Link.- 3 Of Genes and IQ.- Inheritance versus Heritability.- Estimating the Heritability of IQ.- Social Implications.- Epilogue.- Appendix: Model for Bayesian Meta-Analysis of IQ Studies.- 4 The Malleability of Intelligence Is Not Constrained by Heritability.- Heritability.- Heritability and Plasticity.- Plasticity of Intelligence.- Heritability as Impediment.- 5 Racial and Ethnic Inequalities in Health: Environmental, Psychosocial, and Physiological Pathways.- Black/White Differences in Morbidity and Mortality.- Racial/Ethnic Differences in Infectious Disease: The Case of Tuberculosis.- A Life-History Approach to Health Outcomes: The Wisconsin Longitudinal Study.- Physiological Substrates: The Character of the Current Knowledge Base.- Discussion.- III Intelligence and the Measurement of IQ.- 6 Theoretical and Technical Issues in Identifying a Factor of General Intelligence.- Is There a g? A Brief History.- Concrete Example of a Factorial Dataset.- Exploratory Factor Analysis of the Sample Dataset.- Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Sample Dataset.- Justifying a General Factor.- Evidence from Selected Datasets.- The Holzinger and Swineford Dataset.- The Hakstian and Cattell Dataset.- The Wothke et al. Dataset.- Conclusions and Final Comment.- 7 The Concept and Utility of Intelligence.- A Very Brief History of Intelligence Tests.- What Is Intelligence? The Psychometric Evidence.- The Revisionist Position: An Alternative Approach to Intelligence.- Implications for Public Policy.- IV Intelligence and Success: Reanalyses of Data from the NLSY.- 8 Cognitive Ability, Wages, and Meritocracy.- Is Ability Unidimensional?.- The Wage Premium for Ability.- Conclusions.- 9 The Hidden Gender Restriction: The Need for Proper Controls When Testing for Racial Discrimination.- Earnings Analysis inThe Bell Curve.- Controlling for Gender: Testing Implied Restrictions.- Detecting Discrimination.- A Standard Wage Function.- The Racial Wage Gap in the Standard Wage Function.- Conclusions.- 10 Does Staying in School Make You Smarter? The Effect of Education on IQ in The Bell Curve.- Methods and Data.- Previous Research.- Reanalysis of the Herrnstein-Murray Model.- Conclusions.- 11 Cognitive Ability, Environmental Factors, and Crime: Predicting Frequent Criminal Activity.- Method.- Variables.- Logit Model: Interpretation.- Logit Model: Evaluation.- Conclusions.- 12 Social Statistics and Genuine Inquiry: Reflections on The Bell Curve.- Varieties of Pseudo-Science.- The Aims of Inquiry.- Reliability and Social Theory.- Algorithmic Social Science.- Factor Analysis and The Bell Curve.- Regression andThe Bell Curve.- Scientific Search.- Conclusions.- V The Bell Curve and Public Policy.- 13 A "Head Start" in What Pursuit? IQ Versus Social Competence as the Objective of Early Intervention.- The Nation Declares War on Poverty.- The Environmental Mystique.- Evaluations of Cognitive Benefits.- The Broader Picture.- Attempts to Measure Social Competence.- Improving Programs for At-Risk Children.- 14 Is There a Cognitive Elite in America?.- The Evil Elite.- Origin of Species.- Who Is Really Elite?.- 15 Science, Public Policy, and The Bell Curve.- Science: The Genetics-Intelligence Link.- Science: Intelligence and the Measurement of IQ.- Science: Analyzing the Outcomes Data.- Genetics, Race, and IQ.- Public Policy.- Conclusions.- Contributor Biographies.- Author Index.

Product Details

  • publication date: 07/08/1997
  • ISBN13: 9780387949864
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 392
  • ID: 9780387949864
  • weight: 548
  • ISBN10: 0387949860

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