The market demands for skills, knowledge and personalities have positioned robotics as an important field in both engineering and science. To meet these challenging - mands, robotics has already seen its success in automating many industrial tasks in factories. And, a new era will come for us to see a greater success of robotics in n- industrial environments. In anticipating a wider deployment of intelligent and auto- mous robots for tasks such as manufacturing, eldercare, homecare, edutainment, search and rescue, de-mining, surveillance, exploration, and security missions, it is necessary for us to push the frontier of robotics into a new dimension, in which motion and intelligence play equally important roles. After the success of the inaugural conference, the purpose of the Second Inter- tional Conference on Intelligent Robotics and Applications was to provide a venue where researchers, scientists, engineers and practitioners throughout the world could come together to present and discuss the latest achievement, future challenges and exciting applications of intelligent and autonomous robots. In particular, the emphasis of this year's conference was on "robot intelligence for achieving digital manufact- ing and intelligent automations. " This volume of Springer's Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Computer Science contains accepted papers presented at ICIRA 2009, held in Singapore, December 16-18, 2009. On the basis of the reviews and recommendations by the international Program Committee members, we decided to accept 128 papers having technical novelty, out of 173 submissions received from different parts of the world.
Ubiquitous and Cooperative Robots in Smart Space.- A Ubiquitous and Cooperative Service Framework for Network Robot System.- The Hand-Bot, a Robot Design for Simultaneous Climbing and Manipulation.- Human Multi-robots Interaction with High Virtual Reality Abstraction Level.- Laser Based People Following Behaviour in an Emergency Environment.- RENS - Enabling a Robot to Identify a Person.- Classifying 3D Human Motions by Mixing Fuzzy Gaussian Inference with Genetic Programming.- Pointing Gestures for a Robot Mediated Communication Interface.- View-Invariant Human Action Recognition Using Exemplar-Based Hidden Markov Models.- A Local Interaction Based Multi-robot Hunting Approach with Sensing and Modest Communication.- Robot Formations for Area Coverage.- Advanced Control on Autonomous Vehicles.- Challenges of the Multi-robot Team in the GUARDIANS Project.- Modelling and Control of a Train of Autonomous Electric Vehicles.- Organization and Operation of Electronically Coupled Truck Platoons on German Motorways.- Navigation Method Selector for an Autonomous Explorer Rover with a Markov Decision Process.- Discrete-Time Adaptive Sliding Mode Control of Autonomous Underwater Vehicle in the Dive Plane.- Emergent Behavior Control Patterns in Robotic Collectives.- Intelligent Vehicles: Perception for Safe Navigation.- An Improved Road Network Modeling and Map Matching for Precise Vehicle Localization.- A Vision System of Hazard Cameras for Lunar Rover BH2.- Stereovision-Based Algorithm for Obstacle Avoidance.- Improved Techniques for the Rao-Blackwellized Particle Filters SLAM.- Novel Techniques for Collaborative Driver Support.- A Deceleration Assistance Control for Collision Avoidance Based on Driver's Perceptual Risk.- Toward Preventive ACC Systems against Crashes Due to Another Vehicle's Cut-in.- How Do Cognitive Distraction Affect Driver Intent of Changing Lanes?.- Effects of Missed Alarms on Driver's Response to a Collision Warning System According to Alarm Timings.- SLAM Estimation in Dynamic Outdoor Environments: A Review.- Robot and Automation in Tunneling (973).- On the Analysis of Force Transmission Performance for the Thrust Systems of Shield Tunneling Machines.- Passive Ultrasonic RFID Localization for Pipeline Pigs.- Allocation of Measurement Error of Shield's Pose.- The Compliance Design on Thrust System of Shields Excavating in Various Geologic Conditions.- Analysis for Dynamic Load Behavior of Shield Thrust System Considering Variable Boundary Constraints.- Evaluation and Optimization Method of High Speed Cutting Parameters Based on Cutting Process Simulation.- The Reconfiguration Design of Redundant Thrust of Shields Excavating in Various Geologic Conditions.- Research of an Electric Laser System Based on the Non-diffracting Beam.- Research on Multi-motor Synchronization Control for Cutter Head of Shield Machine Based on the Ring Coupled Control Strategy.- Position and Attitude Precision Analysis of Segment Erector of Shield Tunneling Machine.- An Improved Model of Loads Acting on Shield.- Establishment of TBM Disc Cutter Dynamic Model for Vertical Vibration.- Soft Rock Cutting Mechanics Model of TBM Cutter and Experimental Research.- Neural Network Strata Identification Based on Tunneling Parameters of Shield Machine.- Analysis of Chamber Pressure for Earth Pressure Balance Shield Machine by Discrete Numerical Model.- Dynamic Mechanism and Key Rectification Techniques of Shield Machine in the Vertical Plane.- A Precise Measurement Method of Azimuth Angle for TBM.- Identification of Abnormal Operating Conditions and Intelligent Decision System for Earth Pressure Balance Shield Machine.- Optimal Disc Cutters Plane Layout Design of the Full-Face Rock Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM) Using an Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm.- Rotational Moment Analysis and Posture Rectification Strategy of Shield Machine.- Compensation of Measurement Error for Inclinometer Based on Neural Network.- Redundantly Actuated PRPRP Radial Mechanism in Segment Erector of Shield Machine for Synchronization Control.- Electrohydraulic Control of Thrust Hydraulic System for Shield Tunneling Machine.- Simulation Analysis of Pressure Regulation of Hydraulic Thrust System on a Shield Tunneling Machine.- Robot Mechanism and Design.- Variable Rheological Joints Using an Artificial Muscle Soft Actuator and Magneto-Rheological Fluids Brake.- A Dexterous and Self-adaptive Humanoid Robot Hand: Gesture-Changeable Under-Actuated Hand.- Design of the Upper Limb Rehabilitation Support Device Using a Pneumatic Cylinder.- Spike: A Six Legged Cube Style Robot.- The Similarity Design of Heavy Forging Robot Grippers.- The Research of Mechanism Synthesis Based on Mechanical System Chaos Anti-control Methods.- Robot Motion Analysis.- A Method of Stiffness Analysis of Parallel Mechanisms.- Numerical Methods for Frictional Contact of Multi-rigid-body with Redundant Constraints.- Inverse Dynamic Modeling of Two Unsymmetrical 3UPU Parallel Manipulators.- Kinematic Analysis of the SPKM165, a 5-Axis Serial-Parallel Kinematic Milling Machine.- Kinematics Model of Bionic Wheel-Legged Lunar Rover and Its Simulation Analysis.- Dynamics and GA-Based Optimization of Rectilinear Snake Robot.- Optimum Dynamic Modeling of a Wall Climbing Robot for Ship Rust Removal.- Stiffness and Singularity Analysis of 2SPS+2RPS Parallel Manipulator by Using Different Methods.- A Simulation Model to Evaluate and Verify Functions of Autonomous Vehicle Based on Simulink (R).- Experimental Evaluation on Dynamic Characteristics of Coaxial Magnetic Couplings for Vacuum Robot.- Complex Surface Machining: Thermo-mechanical Analysis for Error Prediction of Low-Rigidity Workpiece.- Modeling and Optimization of Contact Forces for Heavy Duty Robot Grippers.- Performance of Inertia Force Analysis for Spherical Bearing Test Stand Mechanism.- Reordering and Partitioning Jacobian Matrices Using Graph-Spectral Method.- Workspace Analysis and Parameter Optimization of a Six DOF 6-3-3 Parallel Link Machine Tool.- Robot Motion Control.- Keeping a Stable Position of Walking Robot with Vibration.- An Algebraic Approach for Accurate Motion Control of Humanoid Robot Joints.- Modeling and Impedance Control of a Chewing Robot with a 6RSS Parallel Mechanism.- Decentralized Control for Swarm Flocking in 3D Space.- Nonlinear Analysis and Application of Servo Control System Based on Relay Feedback.- Kalman Estimator-Based State-Feedback High-Precision Positioning Control for a Micro-scale Air-Bearing Stage.- Dynamic Control and Analysis of a Nonholonomic Mobile Modular Robot.- Visual Perception by Robots.- Quantitative and Qualitative Evaluation of Vision-Based Teleoperation of a Mobile Robot.- An Embedded Vision System for a Power Transmission Line Inspection Robot.- What Visual Cues Do We Use to Perceive Depth in Virtual Environments?.- Combination of Annealing Particle Filter and Belief Propagation for 3D Upper Body Tracking.- Stereo Vision Based Floor Plane Extraction and Camera Pose Estimation.- Autonomous Mapping Using a Flexible Region Map for Novelty Detection.- A Fast Connected-Component Labeling Algorithm for Robot Vision Based on Prior Knowledge.- Simultaneous Visual Object Recognition and Position Estimation Using SIFT.- Active Contour Method with Separate Global Translation and Local Deformation.- Automatic Soldering System Based on Computer Vision.- PLG-Based Visual Tracing for Eye-in-Hand Puma 560 Robot.- Obtaining Reliable Depth Maps for Robotic Applications from a Quad-Camera System.- Surface Reconstruction of Engine Intake Ports with Mixed Constraints.- Binocular Based Moving Target Tracking for Mobile Robot.- Robust Calibration of a Color Structured Light System Using Color Correction.- Close Range Inspection Using Novelty Detection Results.- The Vision System of the ACROBOTER Project.- Prediction Surface Topography in Flank Milling.- Computational Intelligence by Robots.- Cognition Dynamics: Time and Change Aspects in Quantitative Cognitics.- Adaptive Cellular Automata Traffic System Model Based on Hybrid System Theory.- Study on a Location Method for Bio-objects in Virtual Environment Based on Neural Network and Fuzzy Reasoning.- Planner9, a HTN Planner Distributed on Groups of Miniature Mobile Robots.- An Adaptive Rolling Path Planning Method for Planet Rover in Uncertain Environment.- Planning and Control of Biped Walking along Curved Paths on Unknown and Uneven Terrain.- Robot and Application.- Experimental Study on Alpine Skiing Turn Using Passive Skiing Robot.- Design and Application of High-Sensitivity Hexapod Robot.- Study on Mine Rescue Robot System.- A Hybrid FES Rehabilitation System Based on CPG and BCI Technology for Locomotion: A Preliminary Study.- to the Development of a Robotic Manipulator for Nursing Robot.- On the Design of Exoskeleton Rehabilitation Robot with Ergonomic Shoulder Actuation Mechanism.- A Novel Five Wheeled Rover for All Terrain Navigation.- A Study on Wafer-Handling Robot with Coaxial Twin-Shaft Magnetic Fluid Seals.- A Study on the Key Technology of Autonomous Underwater Vehicle-AUV's Self Rescue Beaconing System.- The Research on Mechanism, Kinematics and Experiment of 220kv Double-Circuit Transmission Line Inspection Robot.- The Design of the GPS-Based Surveying Robot Automatic Monitoring System for Underground Mining Safety.- Robot and Investigation.- Acquisition of Movement Pattern by Q-Learning in Peristaltic Crawling Robot.- The Study on Optimal Gait for Five-Legged Robot with Reinforcement Learning.- Study on External Load Domain of Shield Machine Cutterhead.- Obstacle-Climbing Capability Analysis of Six-Wheeled Rocker-Bogie Lunar Rover on Loose Soil.- Optimal Design on Cutterhead Supporting Structure of Tunnel Boring Machine Based on Continuum Topology Optimization Method.- The Flexible Two-Wheeled Self-balancing Robot Based on Hopfield.- Real-Time Simulation System of Virtual Picking Manipulator Based on Parametric Design.- Study of Modeling and Simulating for Picking Manipulator Based on Modelica.- Automatic Reconstruction of Unknown 3D Objects Based on the Limit Visual Surface and Trend Surface.- Hyper-chaotic Newton-Downhill Method and Its Application to Mechanism Forward Kinematics Analysis of Parallel Robot.- Inverted Pendulum System Control by Using Modified Iterative Learning Control.- Dynamic Simulation of Passive Walker Based on Virtual Gravity Theory.- A New Strategy of the Robot Assembly Motion Planning,.- From Morphologies of Six-, Four- and Two-Legged Animals to the HexaQuaBip Robot's Reconfigurable Kinematics.- Symbricator3D - A Distributed Simulation Environment for Modular Robots.- Mono Landmark Localization for an Autonomous Navigation of a Cooperative Mobile Robot Formation.