Increasing competition in the world sugar industry, combined with the need to maintain the resource base and minimise negative impacts on the environment, mean that sugar industries around the world face many complex problems. These challenges are shared by many other intensive cropping industries. However, advances in crop physiology, biotechnology, management systems, systems analysis and modelling and economics and policy initiatives offer great opportunities for these industries to meet these challenges. This book appraises the current situation and set the agenda for sustainable sugarcane production into the future. The book has been developed from papers presented at the Sugar 2000 symposium held in Brisbane, Australia, in August 1996. All the elements of successful intensive crop production are discussed. These include the biological, climatic, economic and social aspects which must be taken into account and judiciously managed. Topics addressed include new gene technologies and their potential value for sugarcane, along with using knowledge of crop physiology to bring about high levels of yield. Other issues considered include the economics of resource use, such as irrigation, and the impact of sugarcane production on the environment. The book is essential reading for all research scientists working with sugarcane, including plant breeders, physiologists, agronomists and food technologists. It also provides general agronomists with a model system for intensive crop production that will be relevant to other sustainable cropping systems. It is also relevant to economists, regulatory authorities, and commodity traders.
Part 1: Setting the Scene 1: A Global Perspective of the Sugar Industry Part 2: Defining the Limits 2: Limits to the Intensive Agricultural Systems of Opportunities for Sustainable Agricultural Development 3: Limits to the Australian Sugar Industry: Climatic and Biological Factors 4: Economic Constraints and Opportunities in the Australian Sugar Industry 5: Social Factors Shaping the Australian Sugar Industry 6: Yield `Plateaus' in Grain Crops: The Topography of Yield Increase 7: The Yield Plateau in the Australian Sugar Industry: 1970-1990 Part 3: Opportunities for Improved Plants and Management Systems 8: Transgenic Sugarcane: Opportunities and Limitations 9: Potential for Overcoming Physio-biochemical Limits to Sucrose Accumulation 10: Nutrient Uptake and Metabolism: Prospects for Molecular Modification to Improve Efficiency 11: Novel Approaches for Managing Pests and Diseases in Sugarcane 12: Advances in Breeding Technology for Sugarcane 13: Nitrogen Management in Intensive Agriculture: Sugarcane in Australia 14: Opportunities for Improving Nutrient Management in the Australian Sugar Industry 15: New Technologies for Sugar Milling and By-product Modification 16: Opportunities for Improving the Use of Limited Water by the Sugarcane Crop 17: Opportunities for Amelioration of Soil Physical and Chemical Constraints under Intensive Cropping 18: Raising Profitability and Productivity by Improving Harvesting Production 19: Opportunities to Improve Economic Performance on Sugarcane Farms Part 4: Resource Management and the Environment 20: Sharing the Land - The Sugar Industry as Part of the Wider Landscape 21: The Development and Application of Environmental Policy: The Everglades and Florida Sugar Industry 22: Potential Impact of Sugarcane Production on Riparian and Freshwater Environments 23: Potential Impact of Sugarcane Production on the Marine Environment 24: The Irrigation Experience in Australia: Lessons for the Sugar Industry 25: The Economics of Resource Use and Environmental Impact in Intensive Agricultural Systems Part 5: Integration and Innovation 26: Doing Things Differently: The R,D,&E Revolution? 27: Doing Things Differently: The Policy Revolution Part 6: Summary 28: Distilling the Spirit: A Vision for the Sugar Industry in 2020