Although only 2 percent of Colombia's population identifies as indigenous, that figure belies the significance of the country's indigenous movement. More than a quarter of the Colombian national territory belongs to indigenous groups, and 80 percent of the country's mineral resources are located in native-owned lands. In this innovative ethnography, Joanne Rappaport draws on research she has conducted in Colombia over the past decade-and particularly on her collaborations with activists-to explore the country's multifaceted indigenous movement, which, after almost 35 years, continues to press for rights to live as indigenous people in a pluralistic society that recognizes them as citizens. Focusing on the intellectuals involved in the movement, Rappaport traces the development of a distinctly indigenous modernity in Latin America-one that defies common stereotypes of separatism or a romantic return to the past. As she reveals, this emerging form of modernity is characterized by interethnic communication and the reframing of selectively appropriated Western research methodologies within indigenous philosophical frameworks.Intercultural Utopias centers on southwestern Colombia's Cauca region, a culturally and linguistically heterogeneous area well known for its history of indigenous mobilization and its pluralist approach to ethnic politics. Rappaport interweaves the stories of individuals with an analysis of the history of the Regional Indigenous Council of Cauca and other indigenous organizations. She presents insights into the movement and the intercultural relationships that characterize it from the varying perspectives of regional indigenous activists, nonindigenous urban intellectuals dedicated to the fight for indigenous rights, anthropologists, local teachers, shamans, and native politicians.
Joanne Rappaport is Professor of Spanish at Georgetown University. She is the author of The Politics of Memory: Native Historical Interpretation in the Colombian Andes, also published by Duke University Press, and Cumbe Reborn: An Andean Ethnography of History.
About the Series ix Acknowledgments xi A Note on the Orthography of Nasa Yuwe xvii Abbreviations for Colombian Organizations xix Introduction 1 1. Frontier Nasa / Nasa de Frontera : The Dilemma of the Indigenous Intellectual 23 2. Colaboradores: The Predicament of Pluralism in an Intercultural Movement 55 3. Risking Dialogue: Anthropological Collaborations with Nasa Intellectuals 83 4. Interculturalism and Lo propio: CRIC's Teachers as Local Intellectuals 115 5. Second Sight: Nasa and Guambiano Theory 152 6. The Battle for the Legacy of Father Ulcue: Spirituality in the Struggle between Region and Locality 185 7. Imagining a Pluralist Nation: Intellectuals and Indigenous Special Jurisdiction 227 Epilogue 262 Glossary 277 Notes 281 Works Cited 299 Index 325