Interdisciplinary Mechatronics: Engineering Science and Research Development

Interdisciplinary Mechatronics: Engineering Science and Research Development

By: M. K. Habib (author), J. Paulo Davim (author)Hardback

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Mechatronics represents a unifying interdisciplinary and intelligent engineering science paradigm that features an interdisciplinary knowledge area and interactions in terms of the ways of work and thinking, practical experiences, and theoretical knowledge. Mechatronics successfully fuses (but is not limited to) mechanics, electrical, electronics, informatics and intelligent systems, intelligent control systems and advanced modeling, intelligent and autonomous robotic systems, optics, smart materials, actuators and biomedical and biomechanics, energy and sustainable development, systems engineering, artificial intelligence, intelligent computer control, computational intelligence, precision engineering and virtual modeling into a unified framework that enhances the design of products and manufacturing processes. Interdisciplinary Mechatronics concerns mastering a multitude of disciplines, technologies, and their interaction, whereas the science of mechatronics concerns the invention and development of new theories, models, concepts and tools in response to new needs evolving from interacting scientific disciplines. The book includes two sections, the first section includes chapters introducing research advances in mechatronics engineering, and the second section includes chapters that reflects the teaching approaches (theoretical, projects, and laboratories) and curriculum development for under- and postgraduate studies. Mechatronics engineering education focuses on producing engineers who can work in a high-technology environment, emphasize real-world hands-on experience, and engage in challenging problems and complex tasks with initiative, innovation and enthusiasm. Contents: 1. Interdisciplinary Mechatronics Engineering Science and the Evolution of Human Friendly and Adaptive Mechatronics, Maki K. Habib. 2. Micro-Nanomechatronics for Biological Cell Analysis and Assembly, Toshio Fukuda, Masahiro Nakajima, Masaru Takeuchi, Tao Yue and Hirotaka Tajima. 3. Biologically Inspired CPG-Based Locomotion Control System of a Biped Robot Using Nonlinear Oscillators with Phase Resetting, Shinya Aoi. 4. Modeling a Human s Learning Processes toward Continuous Learning Support System, Tomohiro Yamaguchi, Kouki Takemori and Keiki Takadama. 5. PWM Waveform Generation Using Pulse-Type Hardware Neural Networks, Ken Saito, Minami Takato, Yoshifumi Sekine and Fumio Uchikoba. 6. Parallel Wrists: Limb Types, Singularities and New Perspectives, Raffaele Di Gregorio. 7. A Robot-Assisted Rehabilitation System RehabRoby, Duygun Erol Barkana and Fatih Ozkul. 8. MIMO Actuator Force Control of a Parallel Robot for Ankle Rehabilitation, Andrew Mcdaid, Yun Ho Tsoi and Shengquan Xie. 9. Performance Evaluation of a Probe Climber for Maintaining Wire Rope, Akihisa Tabata, Emiko Hara and Yoshio Aoki. 10. Fundamentals on the Use of Shape Memory Alloys in Soft Robotics, Matteo Cianchetti. 11. Tuned Modified Transpose Jacobian Control of Robotic Systems, S. A. A. Moosavian and M. Karimi. 12. Derivative-Free Nonlinear Kalman Filtering for PMSG Sensorless Control, Gerasimos Rigatos, Pierluigi Siano and Nikolaos Zervos. 13. Construction and Control of Parallel Robots, Moharam Habibnejad Korayem, Soleiman Manteghi and Hami Tourajizadeh. 14. A Localization System for Mobile Robot Using Scanning Laser and Ultrasonic Measurement, Kai Liu, Hongbo Li and Zengqi Sun. 15. Building of Open-Structure Wheel-Based Mobile Robotic Platform, Aleksandar Rodic and Ivan Stojkovic. 16. Design and Physical Implementation of Holonomous Mobile Robot Holbos, Jasmin Velagic, Admir Kaknjo, Faruk Dautovic, Muhidin Hujdur and Nedim Osmic. 17. Advanced Artificial Vision and Mobile Devices for New Applications in Learning, Entertainment and Cultural Heritage Domains, Gian Luca Foresti, Niki Martinel, Christian Micheloni and Marco Vernier. 18. Application of Stereo Vision and ARM Processor for Motion Control, Moharam Habibnejad Korayem, Michal Irani and Saeed Rafee Nekoo. 19. Mechatronics as Science and Engineering or Both, Balan Pillai and Vesa Salminen. 20. A Mechatronic Platform for Robotic Educational Activities, Ioannis Kostavelis, Evangelos Boukas, Lazaros Nalpantidis and Antonios Gasteratos. 21. The Importance of Practical Activities in the Formation of Mechatronic Engineers, Joao Carlos M. Carvalho and Vera Lucia D.S. Franco About the Authors Maki K. Habib is Professor of Robotics and Mechatronics in the School of Science and Engineering, at the American University in Cairo, Egypt. He has been regional editor (Africa/Middle East,) for the International Journal of Mechatronics and Manufacturing Systems (IJMMS) since 2010. He is the recipient of academic awards and has published many articles and books. J. Paulo Davim is Aggregate Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Aveiro, Portugal and is Head of MACTRIB (Machining and Tribology Research Group). His main research interests include manufacturing, materials and mechanical engineering.

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Contents

Preface xvii Chapter 1. Interdisciplinary Mechatronics Engineering Science and the Evolution of Human Friendly and Adaptive Mechatronics 1 Maki K. HABIB 1.1. Introduction 2 1.2. Synergetic thinking, learning and innovation in mechatronics design 9 1.3. Human adaptive and friendly mechatronics 11 1.4. Conclusions 14 1.5. Bibliography 15 Chapter 2. Micro-Nanomechatronics for Biological Cell Analysis and Assembly 19 Toshio FUKUDA, Masahiro NAKAJIMA, Masaru TAKEUCHI, Tao YUE and Hirotaka TAJIMA 2.1. Introduction of micro-nanomechatronics on biomedical fields 19 2.2. Configuration of micro-nanomechatronics 21 2.3. Micro-nanomechatronics for single cell analysis 25 2.4. Semi-closed microchip for single cell analysis 28 2.5. Biological cell assembly using photo-linkable resin based on the single cell analysis techniques 30 2.6. Conclusion 33 2.7. Acknowledgments 34 2.8. Bibliography 34 Chapter 3. Biologically Inspired CPG-Based Locomotion Control System of a Biped Robot Using Nonlinear Oscillators with Phase Resetting 37 Shinya AOI 3.1. Introduction 37 3.2. Locomotion control system using nonlinear oscillators 38 3.3. Stability analysis using a simple biped robot model 41 3.4. Experiment using biped robots 58 3.5. Conclusion 64 3.6. Acknowledgments 65 3.7. Bibliography 65 Chapter 4. Modeling a Human s Learning Processes toward Continuous Learning Support System 69 Tomohiro YAMAGUCHI, Kouki TAKEMORI and Keiki TAKADAMA 4.1. Introduction 70 4.2. Designing the continuous learning by a maze model 76 4.3. The layout design of mazes for the continuous learning task 82 4.3.1. Overview of the continuous learning support system 82 4.3.2. The layout design of mazes on the thinking level space 83 4.4. Experiment 85 4.5. Discussions 88 4.5.1. The role of motivations to drive the continuous learning 88 4.6. Conclusions 92 4.7. Acknowledgments 93 4.8. Bibliography 93 Chapter 5. PWM Waveform Generation Using Pulse-Type Hardware Neural Networks 95 Ken SAITO, Minami TAKATO, Yoshifumi SEKINE and Fumio UCHIKOBA 5.1. Introduction 96 5.2. PWM servo motor 97 5.3. Pulse-type hardware neuron model 99 5.4. Pulse-type hardware neural networks 104 5.5. Measurements of constructed discrete circuit 108 5.6. Conclusion 109 5.7. Acknowledgments 109 5.8. Bibliography 110 Chapter 6. Parallel Wrists: Limb Types, Singularities and New Perspectives 113 Raffaele DI GREGORIO 6.1. Limb architectures and mobility analysis 113 6.2. Singularities and performance indices 124 6.3. New perspectives 139 6.4. Bibliography 142 Chapter 7. A Robot-Assisted Rehabilitation System RehabRoby 145 Duygun EROL BARKANA and Fatih OZKUL 7.1. Introduction 145 7.2. Background 146 7.3. Control architecture 149 7.4. RehabRoby 150 7.5. Controllers of RehabRoby 155 7.6. Concluding remarks 158 7.7. Acknowledgments 159 7.8. Bibliography 159 Chapter 8. MIMO Actuator Force Control of a Parallel Robot for Ankle Rehabilitation 163 Andrew MCDAID, Yun HO TSOI and Shengquan XIE 8.1. Introduction 163 8.2. Ankle rehabilitation robot 167 8.2.1. Design requirements 168 8.3. Actuator force control 176 8.4. Experimental results 198 8.5. Concluding remarks 204 8.6. Bibliography 205 Chapter 9. Performance Evaluation of a Probe Climber for Maintaining Wire Rope 209 Akihisa TABATA, Emiko HARA and Yoshio AOKI 9.1. Introduction 209 9.2. Optimize friction drive conditions using a prototype probe climber 210 9.3. Impact of different surface friction materials for friction pulley made on elevation performance 213 9.4. Damage detection test of elevator wire rope 216 9.5. Damage detection through signal processing 218 9.6. Integrity evaluation of wire rope through MFL strength 219 9.7. Damage detection of wire rope using neural networks 224 9.8. Conclusion 224 9.9. Bibliography 225 Chapter 10. Fundamentals on the Use of Shape Memory Alloys in Soft Robotics 227 Matteo CIANCHETTI 10.1. Introduction 228 10.2. Shape memory effect and superelastic effect 230 10.3. SMA thermomechanical behavior 231 10.4. SMA constitutive models 234 10.5. Hints on SMA thermomechanical testing 235 10.6. Design principles 237 10.7. Fabrication methods 243 10.8. Activation methods and control design 244 10.9. Applications in Soft Robotics 248 10.10. Conclusions 251 10.11. Bibliography 252 Chapter 11. Tuned Modified Transpose Jacobian Control of Robotic Systems 255 S. A. A. MOOSAVIAN and M. KARIMI 11.1. Introduction 256 11.2. TMTJ control law 257 11.3. Obtained results and discussions 265 11.3.1. Fixed base manipulator 265 11.3.2. Mobile base manipulator 269 11.4. Conclusions 272 11.5. Bibliography 273 Chapter 12. Derivative-Free Nonlinear Kalman Filtering for PMSG Sensorless Control 277 Gerasimos RIGATOS, Pierluigi SIANO and Nikolaos ZERVOS 12.1. Introduction 277 12.2. Dynamic model of the permanent magnet synchronous generator 279 12.3. Lie algebra-based design of nonlinear state estimators 282 12.4. Differential flatness for nonlinear dynamical systems 288 12.5. Differential flatness of the PMSG 293 12.6. Robust state estimation-based control of the PMSG 296 12.7. Estimation of PMSG disturbance input with Kalman filtering 298 12.8. Simulation experiments 302 12.9. Conclusions 307 12.10. Bibliography 308 Chapter 13. Construction and Control of Parallel Robots 313 Moharam HABIBNEJAD KORAYEM, Soleiman MANTEGHI and Hami TOURAJIZADEH 13.1. Introduction 313 13.2. A parallel robot mechanism 315 13.3. Actuators 324 13.4. Sensors 328 13.5. Data transfer protocol 342 13.6. Graphical user interface (GUI) 347 13.7. Result and verifications 357 13.8. Conclusion 362 13.9. Bibliography 364 Chapter 14. A Localization System for Mobile Robot Using Scanning Laser and Ultrasonic Measurement 369 Kai LIU, Hongbo LI and Zengqi SUN 14.1. Introduction 369 14.2. System configuration 371 14.3. Implementation 373 14.4. Experimental results 377 14.5. Conclusion 382 14.6. Acknowledgments 383 14.7. Bibliography 383 Chapter 15. Building of Open-Structure Wheel-Based Mobile Robotic Platform 385 Aleksandar RODIAe and Ivan STOJKOVIAe 15.1. Introduction 385 15.2. State of the art 386 15.3. Configuring of the experimental system 389 15.4. Modeling and simulation of the system 394 15.5. Motion planning and control 403 15.6. Simulation and experimental testing 409 15.7. Concluding remarks 416 15.8. Acknowledgments 417 15.9. Bibliography 417 15.10. Appendix 421 Chapter 16. Design and Physical Implementation of Holonomous Mobile Robot Holbos 423 Jasmin VELAGIC, Admir KAKNJO, Faruk DAUTOVIC, Muhidin HUJDUR and Nedim OSMIC 16.1. Introduction 423 16.2. Locomotion of holonomous mobile robot 424 16.3. Mechanical design 430 16.4. Electrical design 431 16.5. Results 444 16.6. Conclusion 447 16.7. Bibliography 448 Chapter 17. Advanced Artificial Vision and Mobile Devices for New Applications in Learning, Entertainment and Cultural Heritage Domains 451 Gian Luca FORESTI, Niki MARTINEL, Christian MICHELONI and MARCO VERNIER 17.1. Introduction 451 17.2. Chapter contributions 455 17.3. Mobile devices for education purposes 456 17.4. Image processing supports HCI in museum application 461 17.5. Back to the Future: a 3D image gallery 471 17.6. Conclusions and future works 477 17.7. Bibliography 477 Chapter 18. Application of Stereo Vision and ARM Processor for Motion Control 483 Moharam HABIBNEJAD KORAYEM, Michal IRANI and Saeed RAFEE NEKOO 18.1. Introduction 483 18.2. Stereo vision 486 18.3. Triangulation 487 18.4. End-effector orientation 490 18.5. Experimental setup and results 492 18.6. Summary 497 18.7. Bibliography 498 Chapter 19. Mechatronics as Science and Engineering or Both 501 Balan PILLAI and Vesa SALMINEN 19.1. Introduction 501 19.2. Theories and methods of design, planning and manufacturing 504 19.3. Complexity versus complicatedness 506 19.4. Benefits of fast product developments 513 19.5. Nature of product development process 516 19.6. Planning the timetable of a product design project 518 19.7. Designing the product concept 520 19.8. Enhancing conceptual design 520 19.9. Interaction between the parts of the machine 523 19.10. Effect of the strength of interaction between product parts and development speed 524 19.11. Definition of product and service 527 19.12. The case studies 529 19.13. Networking systems and learning mechanism 531 19.14. Model-based methodology: an implemented case 536 19.15. Conclusions 540 19.16. Bibliography 541 Chapter 20. A Mechatronic Platform for Robotic Educational Activities 543 Ioannis KOSTAVELIS, Evangelos BOUKAS, Lazaros NALPANTIDIS and Antonios GASTERATOS 20.1. Introduction 543 20.2. System overview 545 20.3. Educational activities 554 20.4. Experiences from educational activities 561 20.5. Conclusions 565 20.6. Acknowledgments 565 20.7. Bibliography 566 Chapter 21. The Importance of Practical Activities in the Formation of Mechatronic Engineers 569 Joao Carlos M. CARVALHO and Vera Lucia D.S. FRANCO 21.1. Introduction 569 21.2. Curricular and extracurricular practical activities 575 21.3. Undergraduate course of Mechatronics Engineering at the Federal University of Uberlandia/Brazil 580 21.4. Discussions 588 21.5. Conclusions 590 21.6. Bibliography 591 List of Authors 593 Index 599

Product Details

  • publication date: 16/04/2013
  • ISBN13: 9781848214187
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 620
  • ID: 9781848214187
  • weight: 1054
  • ISBN10: 1848214189

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