Intermediaries are independent communication specialists who assist children and vulnerable adults in the criminal justice system-for example, during police interviews or at trial. This is the first book to look at the remarkable success of intermediaries' increasing involvement with the justice system. Built on case studies and interviews, the book offers a comprehensive explanation of the work of intermediaries and their place in the larger criminal justice system.
Joyce Plotnikoff DBE and Dr Richard Woolfson have conducted vulnerable witness research for over 20 years. Joyce is a lawyer, social worker and expert adviser to the Judicial College. Richard started out as a mathematician. He was formerly a magistrate; member of the Civil Justice Council's Access to Justice subgroup; and chair of his local Courts Board and Crown Prosecution Service Local Scrutiny Involvement Panel. They co-founded www.theadvocatesgateway.org, launched in 2013.
Introduction: a fresh pair of eyes; The intermediary scheme in England and Wales; Behind the scenes: planning to assess the witness; Assessment methods and involvement of the interviewer; Communication aids and stress reduction strategies; Contributing to the effectiveness of the police interview; Negotiating professional space at the ground rules hearing; Making the ground rules hearing effective; `Every reasonable step': preparation for giving evidence; Cross-examination: research, case law, training and regulation; Cross-examination: intervention at trial; Cross-examination: challenges at the cutting edge; The uneasy position of vulnerable defendants; A new profession; Conclusion.