This book describes the analysis and behaviour of internal flows encountered in propulsion systems, fluid machinery (compressors, turbines and pumps) and ducts (diffusers, nozzles and combustion chambers). The focus is on phenomena that are important in setting the performance of a broad range of fluid devices. The authors show that even for complex processes one can learn a great deal about the behaviour of such devices from a clear understanding and rigorous use of basic principles. Throughout the book they illustrate theoretical principles by reference to technological applications. The strong emphasis on fundamentals, however, means that the ideas presented can be applied beyond internal flow to other types of fluid motion. The book equips students and practising engineers with a range of new analytical tools. These tools offer enhanced interpretation and application of both experimental measurements and the computational procedures that characterize modern fluids engineering.
Edward M. Greitzer received his PhD from Harvard University and is the H. N. Slater Professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Prior to joining MIT he was with the Pratt & Whitney Division of United Technologies Corporation. He has been a member of the U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, the NASA Aeronautics Advisory Committee, and Chair of the ASME International Gas Turbine Institute Board of Directors. He is a Fellow of the ASME and AIAA and was elected in 1995 to the National Academy of Engineering. Choon Sooi Tan received his PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and is currently a Senior Research Engineer in the Gas Turbine: Laboratory at MIT. Martin B. Graf received his PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and is currently a Project Manager at the consulting firm Mars & Company. Before joining Mars he spent two years with the Pratt & Whitney Division of United Technologies Corporation. He is the author of several scientific papers and holds a U.S. patent.
Preface; Acknowledgements; Conventions and nomenclature; 1. Equations of motion; 2. Some useful basic ideas; 3. Vorticity and circulation; 4. Boundary layers and free shear layers; 5. Loss sources and loss accounting; 6. Unsteady flow; 7. Flow in rotating passages; 8. Swirling flow; 9. Generation of streamwise vorticity and three-dimensional flow; 10. Compressible internal flow; 11. Flow with heat addition; 12. Non-uniform flow in fluid components; References; Supplementary references appearing in figures; Index.