Thinking on development informs and inspires the actions of people, organizations, and states in their continuous effort to invent a better world. This volume examines the ideas behind development: their origins, how they have changed and spread over time, and how they may evolve over the coming decades. It also examines how the real-life experiences of different countries and organizations have been inspired by, and contributed to, thinking on development. The extent to which development 'works' depends in part on particular local, historical, or institutional contexts. General policy prescriptions fail when the necessary conditions that make them work are either absent, ignored, or poorly understood. There is a need to grasp how people understand their own development experience. If the countries of the world are varied in every way, from their initial conditions to the degree of their openness to outside money and influence, and success is not centred in any one group, it stands to reason that there cannot be a single recipe for development.
Each chapter provides an analytical survey of thinking about development that highlights debates and takes into account critical perspectives. It includes contributions from scholars and practitioners from the global North and the global South, spanning at least two generations and multiple disciplines. It will be a key reference on the concepts and theories of development - their origins, evolution, and trajectories - and act as a resource for scholars, graduate students, and practitioners.
Rohinton Medhora is the President of the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). Previously Dr Medhora was Vice-President of Programs at Canada's International Development Research Centre, where he undertook a series of leadership roles, including directing the Social and Economic Policy program and heading programs related to international economic relations and economic policy. His publications include 'Financial Reform in Developing Countries and Finance and Competitiveness in Developing Countries'. Prior to IDRC, Dr Medhora was with the faculty of economics at University of Toronto, where he also earned his PhD.
Foreword ; Preface ; The State of Development Thought ; PART 1. CRITICAL ISSUES ; 1. The Study of Development ; 2. Development Theories ; 3. Fifty Years of Growth Economics ; 4. Development Strategy: Balancing Market and Government Failure ; 5. Poverty in Development Thought: Symptom or Cause ; 6. Inequality and Development ; 7. Women's Economic Roles and the Development Paradigm ; 8. Composite Indices of Development ; 9. Development Evaluation ; PART 2. CONCEPTS AND THEORIES ; STATE AND SOCIETY ; 10. Growth, Inclusion, and Human Satisfaction ; 11. Social Protection ; 12. Law, Regulation, and Development ; 13. Rooting Change: Indigeneity and Development ; 14. Corruption ; ECONOMIC ; 15. Public Finance in Developing Countries ; 16. The Evolving Paradigms of Structural Change ; 17. Trade and Finance in Development Thinking ; 18. Entrepreneurship and Economic Development ; 19. Two Prophets of Regional Integration: Prebisch and Adedeji ; PEACE AND SECURITY ; 20. The Political Economy of IntraState Conflicts ; 21. Peacebuilding and Development ; 22. Violence, Insecurity, and Crime in Development Thought ; 23. The Resource Curse and Transparency ; 24. Transitional Justice and Development ; ENVIRONMENT AND HEALTH ; 25. Agriculture and Food Security ; 26. Water Resources: An Evolving Landscape ; 27. The Rural Transformation ; 28. Land Reform ; 29. Climate Adaptation ; 30. Global Health ; 31. Targeting Diseases ; INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY ; 32. Industrial Policy ; 33. Innovation Systems and Development ; 34. Universities and Higher Education in Development ; 35. Innovation for Development ; 36. Information and Communication Technologies for Development ; PART 3. EXPERIENCES ; GEOGRAPHIC DIVERSITY ; 37. The Asian Model of Development: From Crises to Transformation ; 38. China ; 39. Brazil ; 40. Chile ; 41. South Africa's Quest for Inclusive Development ; 42. India's Economic Development ; 43. Economic Development: The Experience of sub-Saharan Africa ; 44. Economic Development in the Arab Region: A Tale of Oil and Politics ; DEVELOPMENT ACTORS ; 45. The State as a Development Actor: State Forms of Social Transformation ; 46. Civil Society ; 47. Foundations and Private Actors ; 48. The World Trade Organization and Development ; 49. The Role and Influence of International Financial Institutions ; 50. Development Assistance ; 51. Consultative Forums: State Power and Multilateral Institutions ; 52. Underestimated Influence: UN Contributions to Development Ideas, Leadership, Influence and Impact ; Epilogue
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