International Environmental Law and Policy for the 21st Century (International Environmental Law v.9 2nd Revised edition)

International Environmental Law and Policy for the 21st Century (International Environmental Law v.9 2nd Revised edition)

By: Ved P. Nanda (author), George Pring (author)Hardback

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In the 21st century, anthropogenic (human-caused) environmental change is widespread and serious on the global, regional/transboundary, and local levels. Emphasizing the environmental, social, and human damage caused by non-sustainable development, International Environmental Law and Policy for the 21st Century, Second Revised Edition by Nanda and Pring, provides readers with an incisive and integrated approach to the political, economic, scientific, and technological realities and challenges facing international environmental law and policy today. This provocative new book offers innovative chapters on such crucial current imperatives as: * the nature and scope of the challenge; * first principles of international environmental law; * environment and human rights; * environment and the nexus of international trade, finance and debt; and * the unfinished agenda. Traditional subjects covered include the history of international environmental law, the law of the sea, international freshwater resources, cross-border air pollution, ozone depletion and climate change, the technology of chemicals manufacture and transport, disposal of hazardous waste, preservation ofand biodiversity, environmental impact analysis, and regulation of nuclear energy. The book also features a critical examination of the UN's activities on the environment, starting from the 1972 Stockholm Convention on the Environment, up to and including the 2012 Rio+20 Conference on Sustainable Development. With new chapters devoted to critical energy and population issues, and a new section on corporate social responsibility, International Environmental Law & Policy for the 21st Century is an essential resource for students, scholars, lawyers, public officials, corporate decision-makers, and technical consultants concerned with environmental issues.

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About Author

Ved P. Nanda, BA, MA (1952) Punjab University, India; LLB (1955), LLM (1958) Delhi University, India; LLM (1962) Northwestern University, is the Evans University Professor, Thompson G. Marsh Professor, and Director of the International Legal Studies Program at the University of Denver Sturm College of Law; biography and publications at George (Rock) Pring, BA hons. (1963) Harvard University; JD hons (1968) University of Michigan, is a Professor of Law at the University of Denver Sturm College of Law; biography and publications at


Acknowledgements Part I: Introduction Chapter One: International Environmental Law: The Nature and Scope of the Challenge 1.0: Introduction 1.1: The Sources or Bases of International Environmental Law 1.1.1: International Conventional Law 1.1.2: International Customary Law 1.1.3: General Principles of Law 1.1.4: Judicial Decisions 1.1.5: Scholarly Writings 1.1.6: New Sources of International Law Chapter Two: The Fundamental Principles of International Environmental Law 2.0: Introduction 2.1 Fundamental Substantive Principles 2.1.1: State Sovereignty 2.1.2: "Good Neighborliness" - The Duty to Cooperate 2.1.3: The No-Harm Rule 2.1.4: Sustainable Development 2.1.5: Right to Development 2.1.6: Right to a Clean, Healthful Environment 2.1.7: Environmental Justice: Intergenerational and Intragenerational Equity 2.1.8: Equitable Utilization of Shared Resources 2.1.9: Conservation 2.1.10: The Common Heritage of Humankind - "The Global Commons" 2.1.11: The Common Concern of Humankind - Erga Omnes 2.1.12: Common but Differentiated Responsibilities 2.1.13: The Polluter-Pays Principle 2.1.14: State Responsibility and Liability 2.2 Fundamental Procedural Principles 2.2.1: Public Participation 2.2.2: Prior Notification, Consultation, and Negotiation Duties 2.2.3: The Prevention Principle 2.2.4: The Precautionary Principle 2.2.5: Duty to Do Environmental Impact Assessment 2.2.6: Duty to Adopt Effective National Law-The Duty to Enforce 2.2.7: The Integration Principle Part II: Lawmaking Chapter Three: The Early Years 3.0: Introduction 3.1: International Agreements 3.1.1: Early 20th Century Agreements 3.1.2: The 1909 Boundary Waters Treaty 3.1.3: Other Agreements 3.2: Case Law 3.2.1: Bering Sea Fur Seals Arbitration 3.2.2: The Trail Smelter Arbitration 3.2.3: The Corfu Channel Case 3.2.4: The Lac Lanoux Arbitration 3.2.5: The Japanese Fishermen Case 3.2.6: The 1958 US Pacific Nuclear Tests 3.2.7: Nuclear Tests Cases (Australia v. France and New Zealand v. France) 3.2.8: Pollution of Ciudad Juarez 3.2.9: The 1969 Gut Dam Case 3.2.10: Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, Advisory Opinion 3.2.11: Case Concerning the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros Project 3.2.12: The MOX Plant Case (Ireland v. UK) 3.2.13: Iron Rhine Railway Arbitration (Belg. v. Neth.) 3.2.14: Case Concerning Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v. Uruguay) 3.3: Appraisal Chapter Four: The Next 40 Years: The Evolution of International Environmental Policy from 1972 to the Present 4.0: Introduction 4.1: The Stockholm Conference and Declaration 4.1.1: Analysis 4.1.2: Appraisal 4.2: The Post-Stockholm Period: The Flowering of UNEP 4.2.1: Introduction 4.2.2: Environmental Assessment 4.2.3: Environmental Management 4.2.4: Environmental Law 4.2.5: Appraisal 4.3: The Rio Conference on Environment and Development 4.3.1: Introduction 4.3.2: The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development 4.3.3: Agenda 21 4.3.4: The Commission on Sustainable Development 4.3.5: Appraisal 4.4.: The Uneven Road from Rio to Rio (1992-2012) 4.4.1: The CSD and "Rio+5" 4.4.2: UNEP Reforms for the New Century 4.4.3: The 2002 Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development 4.4.4: "Rio+20" - the Return to Rio 4.5: International Environmental Law, Multilateral Environmental Agreements, and International Environmental Governance 4.5.1: UNEP and International Environmental Law 4.5.2: UNEP and Multilateral Environmental Agreements 4.5.3: UNEP and International Environmental Governance Chapter Five: International Environmental Institutions and Organizations 5.0: Introduction 5.1: The United Nations "Family" 5.2: International Financial Organizations 5.3: Other International IGOs 5.4: Regional International IGOs 5.5: Nonstate Entities: NGOs and Business Interests 5.5.1: International NGOs 5.5.2: Multinational Corporations and Other Business Interests 5.5.3: Corporate Social Responsibility Part III: The Key Issues Chapter Six: Environmental Impact Assessment 6.0: Introduction 6.1: EIA Procedures: The Common Requirements 6.2: The Development of EIA Requirements in International Law 6.3: IFIs' EIA Requirements 6.4: The Future of EIA Chapter Seven: Energy and the Environment: An International Perspective 7.0: Introduction 7.1: Energy, Economic Development, and the Environment 7.1.1: Energy Availability and Usage and Economic Development 7.1.2: Tension Between Energy Generation and Consumption and the Environment 7.1.3: Energy and Related Trends 7.2: The Evolution of Energy and Environmental Law in an International Context 7.3: International Law Related to Energy and the Environment 7.3.1: Introduction 7.3.2: Nuclear Energy 7.3.3: Marine Oil Pollution from Ships 7.3.4: Energy Charter Treaty 7.4: Looking Ahead 7.4.1: Introduction 7.4.2: A New Paradigm for Regulating Energy? Global Energy Governance 7.5: Conclusion Chapter Eight: Preservation 8.0: Introduction 8.1: Preservation Laws Prior to the 1970s 8.1.1: The Early Wildlife Laws 8.1.2: The Western Hemisphere Conservation Convention 8.2: Preservation Efforts: The Stockholm Era: 1972-1992 8.2.1: Ecosystems 8.2.2: Natural and Cultural Resources 8.2.3: Endangered Species 8.2.4: The Global Commons 8.3: Preservation Efforts: Rio and the 21st Century 8.3.1: The Convention on Biological Diversity 8.3.2: Forests 8.3.3: Desertification 8.4: Conclusion Chapter Nine: International Freshwater Resources 9.0: Introduction 9.1: Development of Customary International Law 9.1.1: The Major Cases 9.1.2: The Key "Soft Law" Developments 9.2: The 1997 UN Convention on International Watercourses 9.2.1: Adoption of the "Ecosystem" Concept 9.2.2: Conflict Between the Principles of "Equitable Utilization" and "No Significant Harm" 9.2.3: Pollution Control 9.2.4: Other Important Provisions of the International Watercourses Convention 9.3: Bilateral, Multilateral, and Regional Regimes of International Freshwater Regulation 9.4: Groundwater 9.5: Conclusion Chapter Ten: International Air Pollution 10.0: Introduction 10.1: Transboundary Air Pollution 10.1.1: Introduction 10.1.2: Customary International Law Governing Transboundary Air Pollution 10.1.3: Regional Treaty and Planning Regimes 10.2: Stratospheric Ozone Depletion 10.2.1: Introduction 10.2.2: The Problem 10.2.3: Evidence of Loss 10.2.4: Long-Term Consequences 10.2.5: Policy Implications 10.2.6: Prior to the 1985 Vienna Convention 10.2.7: The 1985 Vienna Ozone Convention 10.2.8: The 1987 Montreal Protocol and Subsequent Amendments 10.2.9: Developments in the United States and the European Union 10.2.10: Appraisal and Recommendations 10.3: Global Climate Change 10.3.1: Introduction 10.3.2: The "Greenhouse" Effect 10.3.3: Preventive Strategies and Problems 10.3.4: The Framework Convention on Climate Change 10.3.5: The Kyoto Protocol 10.3.6: Negotiating the Implementation of Kyoto 1998-2005 10.3.7: An Assessment of the Kyoto Protocol 10.3.8: Developing a Post-Kyoto Framework Chapter Eleven: The Marine Environment 11.0: Introduction 11.1: Framework of the Convention 11.2: Contribution of the Convention to International Environmental Law 11.2.1: Environmental Assessment Provisions 11.2.2: Law-Making and Law Enforcement Provisions 11.2.3: Special Status of Developing States 11.2.4: Protection of Living Resources 11.2.5: Dispute Settlement Provisions 11.2.6: The Relationship of the Convention and Customary Law 11.2.7: Appraisal 11.3: International and Regional Conventions 11.3.1: Regional Conventions 11.3.2: International Conventions and Actions 11.4: International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea 11.5: Conclusion Chapter Twelve: Hazardous Waste, Chemicals, and Technology 12.0: Introduction 12.1: The International Environmental Laws Governing Hazardous Waste 12.1.1: Developments Leading up to the Basel Convention 12.1.2: The Basel Convention 12.1.3: Post-Basel Developments: The "Banners" vs. the "Boosters" of Hazardous Waste Trade 12.2: International Controls on Chemicals 12.2.1: Introduction 12.2.2: The Beginnings: Voluntary International Chemical Control Effects 12.2.3: The Recent Development of Binding Chemical Treaties 12.3: International Controls on Hazardous Technologies, Industries, and Activities 12.4: Conclusion Chapter Thirteen: Biotechnology in Food and the Biosafety Protocol 13.0: Introduction 13.1: Background 13.1.1: The Process 13.1.2: The Controversy 13.2: Regulation of Genetically-Modified Foods--The Key Concepts 13.2.1: The Precautionary Principle 13.2.2: Substantial Evidence 13.2.3: Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) 13.2.4: The Consumer's Right to Know 13.3: The International Standards for Genetically Modified Foods--The Codex Alimentarius Commission 13.4: Efforts to Regulate GMOS 13.4.1: The European Union 13.4.2: The United States 13.5: Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity 13.5.1: Events Leading up to the Biosafety Protocol 13.5.2: Content and Analysis 13.5.3: Appraisal Chapter Fourteen: International Trade and the Environment 14.0: Introduction 14.1: The 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development--Agenda 21 14.2: General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the World Trade Organization 14.2.1: Environmental Trade Measures 14.2.2: GATT Panel Decisions Before the Establishment of the WTO 14.2.3: WTO Cases 14.2.4: WTO's Trade and Environment Committee 14.2.5: Appraisal 14.3: North American Free Trade Agreement 14.3.1: Overview 14.3.2: Review of the Pertinent NAFTA Provisions 14.3.3: Criticisms of NAFTA 14.3.4: North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation 14.4: Conclusion Chapter Fifteen: The Environment and Human Rights 15.0: Introduction 15.1: The Challenge of Environmental Degradation 15.2: Historical Progression 15.3: Developments in the United States 15.4: The Right to Environmental Protection 15.4.1: The Nexus Between Environmental Protection and Internationally Recognized Human Rights 15.4.2: International and National Tribunals and the Right to a Healthy Environment 15.5: Operationalizing the Right to Environment 15.6: Appraisal and Recommendations 15.7: Rights of Indigenous Peoples 15.7.1: Introduction: A Case Study 15.7.2: What is "Indigenous"? 15.7.3: Early International Legal Protection 15.7.4: The Universal Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples 15.8: Population, Human Rights, and the Environment 15.8.1: Introduction 15.8.2: The Nature and Scope of the Problem 15.8.3: The Population - Human Rights Nexus 15.8.4: The ICPD Program of Action and Subsequent Developments 15.8.5: Conclusion Part IV: Conclusion Chapter Sixteen: The Unfinished Agenda 16.0: The Challenge 16.1: Addressing the Challenge 16.2: A Final Word

Product Details

  • publication date: 12/10/2012
  • ISBN13: 9789004242869
  • Format: Hardback, Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 668
  • ID: 9789004242869
  • weight: 1134
  • ISBN10: 9004242864
  • edition: 2nd Revised edition

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