As scientists and technologists discover how to engineer matter at the nanoscale in increasingly sophisticated ways, conventional approaches to ensuring safe use are being brought into question. Nanotechnologies are challenging traditional regulatory regimes; but they are also prompting new thinking on developing and using emerging technologies safely. In this Handbook, leading international authors from industry, government, non-governmental organisations and academia examine the complex and often controversial regulatory challenges presented by nanotechnologies. Across several disciplinary boundaries, they explore how the future regulatory landscape may evolve. From the Europe Union to the United States, workplaces to personal products, and statutory instruments through to softer approaches, it is clear that considerable vigilance will be needed in governing these powerful and novel technologies. To succeed, society will need new thinking, new partnerships and new mechanisms to balance the benefits of these technologies against their possible downsides. Anything less will prompt cries of illegitimacy and potentially compromise a promising new realm of technology innovation.
This Handbook draws on contributions from leading nanotechnology regulation scholars around the globe. It goes beyond articulating how certain nanotechnologies are currently regulated and the significance of existing regulatory gaps, to assessing how the future regulatory landscape may evolve. As well as considering potential legislative responses that could be employed by governments, the Handbook examines a range of other options available to stakeholders. The Handbook employs new and innovative lenses through which to view these regulatory challenges and by adopting an in-depth, systematic and whole-of-life-approach, synergistically combines contributions from many countries, many fields and many disciplines. Informative and insightful, it presents thought-provoking and stimulating perspectives on the coming nano-age and on how we as citizens will govern its future.
Contents: PART I: CONCEPTS AND FOUNDATIONS 1. Introduction: The Regulatory Challenges for Nanotechnologies Graeme A. Hodge, Diana M. Bowman and Andrew D. Maynard 2. Philosophy of Technoscience in the Regime of Vigilance Alfred Nordmann 3. Tracing and Disputing the Story of Nanotechnology Chris Toumey 4. The Age of Regulatory Governance and Nanotechnologies Roger Brownsword PART II: FRAMEWORKS FOR REGULATING NANOTECHNOLOGIES 5. Nanotechnology Captured John Miles 6. The Scientific Basis for Regulating Nanotechnologies David Williams 7. The Current Risk Assessment Paradigm in Relation to the Regulation of Nanotechnologies Qasim Chaudhry, Hans Bouwmeester and Rolf F. Hertel 8. Regulating Risk: The Bigger Picture Karinne Ludlow and Peter Binks 9. Producing Safety or Managing Risks? How Regulatory Paradigms Affect Insurability Thomas K. Epprecht PART III: CASE STUDIES IN REGULATING NANOTECHNOLOGIES AND NANO-PRODUCTS 10. The Evolving Nanotechnology Environmental, Health, and Safety Landscape: A Business Perspective Oliver Tassinari, Jurron Bradley and Michael Holman 11. Regulation of Carbon Nanotubes and Other High Aspect Ratio Nanoparticles: Approaching this Challenge from the Perspective of Asbestos Robert J. Aitken, Sheona A.K. Peters, Alan D. Jones and Vicki Stone 12. Approaching the Nanoregulation Problem in Chemicals Legislation in the EU and US Markus Widmer and Christoph Meili 13. A Good Foundation? Regulatory Oversight of Nanotechnologies Using Cosmetics as a Case Study Geert van Calster and Diana M. Bowman 14. Therapeutic Products: Regulating Drugs and Medical Devices Rogerio Sa Gaspar 15. Regulatory Perspectives on Nanotechnologies in Foods and Food Contact Materials Anna Gergely, Qasim Chaudhry and Diana M. Bowman 16. Regulation of Nanoscale Materials under Media-specific Environmental Laws Linda K. Breggin and John Pendergrass 17. Military Applications: Special Conditions for Regulation Jurgen Altmann 18. Regulating Nanotechnology through Intellectual Property Rights Gregory N. Mandel PART IV: THE FUTURE REGULATORY LANDSCAPE 19. The Role of NGOs in Governing Nanotechnologies: Challenging the 'Benefits versus Risks' Framing of Nanotech Innovation Georgia Miller and Gyorgy Scrinis 20. Voluntary Measures in Nanotechnology Risk Governance: The Difficulty of Holding the Wolf by the Ears Christoph Meili and Markus Widmer 21. The Role of Risk Management Frameworks and Certification Bodies Thorsten Weidl, Gerhard Klein and Rolf Zollner 22. Risk Governance in the Field of Nanotechnologies: Core Challenges of an Integrative Approach Ortwin Renn and Antje Grobe 23. International Coordination and Cooperation: The Next Agenda in Nanomaterials Regulation Robert Falkner, Linda K. Breggin, Nico Jaspers, John Pendergrass and Read Porter 24. Transnational Regulation of Nanotechnology: Reality or Romanticism? Kenneth W. Abbott, Douglas J. Sylvester and Gary E. Marchant 25. From Novel Materials to Next Generation Nanotechnology: A New Approach to Regulating the Products of Nanotechnology J. Clarence Davies PART V: CONCLUSION 26. Conclusions: Triggers, Gaps, Risks and Trust Andrew D. Maynard, Diana M. Bowman and Graeme A. Hodge Index
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