International Humanitarian NGOs and State Relations: Politics, Principles and Identity examines the often discordant relationship between states and international non-governmental organisations working in the humanitarian sector. INGOs aiming to provide assistance to populations suffering from the consequences of conflicts and other human-made disasters work in the midst of very politically sensitive local dynamics. The involvement of these non-political international actors can be seen as a threat to states that see civil war as a state of exception where it is the government's prerogative to act outside `normal' legal or moral boundaries. Drawing on first-hand experience of humanitarian operations in contexts of civil war, this book explores how the relationship works in practice and how often clashing priorities can be mediated.
Using case studies of civil conflicts in Sri Lanka, Darfur, Ethiopia and Chechnya, this practice-based book brings together key issues of politics, principles and identity to build a `negotiation structure' for analysing and understanding the relationship. The book goes on to outline a research and policy development agenda for INGOs to better adapt politically to working with states.
International Humanitarian NGOs and State Relations will be a key resource for professionals and policy makers working within international humanitarian and development operations, as well as for academics and students within humanitarian and development studies who want to understand the relationship between states and humanitarian and multi-mandate organisations.
Andrew J. Cunningham is a humanitarian practitioner and consultant, with a PhD from King's College London, UK
List of Figures List of Tables Acknowledgements Abbreviations Preface Introduction: States and international humanitarian organisations: Principles, politics, and identity Chapter One: The relationship of the external in the internal Chapter Two: The case of Medecins Sans Frontieres and the Government of Sri Lanka 2006-2007 Chapter Three: The case of Medecins Sans Frontieres and the Government of Sri Lanka 2008-2009 Chapter Four: Fear as discourse: The case of Chechnya Chapter Five: Law as discourse: The case of Ethiopia Chapter Six: Expulsion as discourse: The case of Sudan Chapter Seven: Responses to securitisation Chapter Eight: Politics, principles, and identity Conclusion: The Future