In the last few decades, the law of the sea has been affected, not only by the processes of globalization that have changed the key interests of the international community, but also by natural phenomena like climate change. In addition, technological advances, having opened up new opportunities to exploit marine resources and to produce energy and which make the sea in itself a resource, have contributed to a further development of the law of the sea. This book contributes to the study of the evolution of the law of the sea and will not fail to be of interest to academics in the field. It analyzes those areas of the law of the sea in which the transformations taking place seem to be more significant, such as: migration by sea * the security of navigation and the fight against piracy * safety of navigation * protection of maritime labor * the legal framework governing the polar regions * special issues relating to the harnessing of marine resources. [Subject: Public International Law, Maritime Law, Environmental Law]
Angela Del Vecchio is professor of EU Law at the Faculty of Law, University LUISS Guido Carli University in Rome.
Introduction; Law of the Sea and New Interests of the International Community; Part I. Migration by Sea; 1. Irregular Migration and Safeguard of Life at Sea: International and Recent Developments in the Mediterranean Sea; 2. The Action of Greece and Spain against Irregular Migration at Sea; 3. The Struggle against Migration by Sea at the Canary Islands; 4. The Patrolling of the European Union's External Maritime Border: Preventing the Rule of Law from Getting Lost at Sea; Part II. Security of Navigation and Struggle against Piracy; 5. International Security and Powers of Enforcement at Sea; 6. International Terrorism at Sea between Maritime Safety and National Security. From the 1988 SUA Convention to the 2005 SUA Protocol; 7. Piracy and Somalia: The Few Advantages and the Many Drawbacks of International Cooperation; 8. The Prevention and Repression of Piracy in Somalia in the Policy of the European Union; 9. The Issues of Jurisdiction in Piracy Cases; 10. Protecting Merchant Vessels by Vessel Protection Detachment (VPD) and Privately Contracted Armed Security Personnel (PCASP): The Italian Experience; Part III. Safety of Navigation; 11. Port State Control; 12. Safety of Marine Navigation and Coastal State Jurisdiction; 13. Civil Liability, Shipping and Marine Pollution: A Critical Appraisal; 14. The Mechanism of Funds for the Compensation of Maritime Environmental Damages; Part IV. Marine Resources; 15. Microalgae Use for Energy Purposes; 16. The Exploitation of Offshore Transboundary Marine Resources or Those in Disputes Areas: Joint Developments Agreements; 17. International Law and the Protection of Fishers; 18. Developments in Maritime Labour Between International Law and EU Law; Part V. International Law of the Sea and Polar Regions; 19. Global Warming and Arctic Ocean: Challenges for International Law; 20. Crossed Destinies: Polar Regions and International Law; 21. The Last frontier of the International Protection of Human Rights at the Outermost Bounds of the Earth: Polar Activities between Cultural and Biological Diversity; 22. The 2010 Treaty between Norway and the Russian Federation on Maritime Delimitations: Considerations about the Application of the Law of the Sea; 23. Environmental Liability in Antarctica: the 2005 Annex VI to the Madrid Protocol and the Italian Legal System