International migration, the movement of people across international boundaries, has enormous economic, social, and cultural implications in both origin and destination countries. It is estimated that some one hundred and eighty million people (three per cent of the world's population) are living in countries in which they were not born. Among these are millions of highly-educated people who moved to developed countries from developing countries that already suffer from low levels of human capital and skilled workers. Moreover, the flow of formal remittances from migrants to their relatives in their countries of birth has exhibited a very rapid and accelerating rate of growth. Estimated to exceed one hundred billion dollars annually, remittances surpass foreign aid and account for the largest source of foreign capital for dozens of countries. This timely volume provides an in-depth examination of the relationship between - and the impacts on - migration, remittances, and development. Using new household surveys and census data, the determinants of migration and the impact of migration and remittances on various measures of welfare are analyzed.
Others issues discussed include the migration of skilled workers, the impact of international students and skilled migration in the United States, the determinants of internal and international migration from rural areas whilst providing a critical examination of the new 'brain drain' literature.
MAURICE SCHIFF is Lead Economist in the World Bank's International Trade Unit, Development Research Group, USA. Before joining the World Bank, he was Research Director in the Faculty of Economics and Management at the University of Concepcion, Chile. He is currently researching various international economic issues, including directing a research programme on international migration. He co-directed a research programme on regional integration which has generated a large number of published papers, a World Bank Policy research Report entitled Trade Blocs and a book-length volume entitled
PART 1: INTRODUCTION - PART 2: SKILLED MIGRATION: EVIDENCE AND EFFECTS - Brain Drain by Educational Attainment, 1990-2000; F.Docquier & A.Marfouk - The Determinants of Brain Waste; A.Mattoo, C.Ozden & C.Neagu - The Impact of Foreign Students and Skilled Migrants on Patenting in the US; K.Maskus & A.Mattoo - Brain Gain: Its Size and Welfare and Growth Impact have been Greatly Overstated; M.Schiff - PART 3: TEMPORARY MIGRATION - Temporary Migration Policies: A Survey; V.Manole & M.Schiff - Swiss Migration Policy; D.Gross - Overstaying Temporary Workers: Towards a Solution; M.Schiff - PART 4: REMITTANCES; THEIR IMPACT ON INCOME AND EXPENDITURES - Guatemala: Impact on Poverty, Education, Health and Housing; R.Adams - Mexico: Determinants of Migration; E.J.Taylor - Mexico: Impact of Migration on Inequality, Education and Child Health; D.McKenzie - Philippines: The Impact of Migrants' Exchange Rate Shocks on Child Education and Entrepreneurship; D.Yang - PART 5: CONCLUSION
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- ID: 9780821363737
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