International Organization in Time investigates why reformers often pledge to unify international organizations (IOs), but end up fragmenting them instead. The book reconstructs the institutional history of the World Health Organization (WHO) since its creation in 1946. It theorizes the fragmentation trap, which is both a cause and a consequence of reform failure in the WHO. A comparison between the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) illustrates the relevance of path dependence and fragmentation across the United Nations (UN) system. As the UN approaches its 70th anniversary, this book helps to understand the path dependent dynamics that reformers encounter in international organizations.
Tine Hanrieder is a postdoctoral research fellow at the Global Governance research unit of the WZB Berlin Social Science Center. Her research fields are International Organization, Global Health Politics, and International Theory. Her work has been published in journals including the European Journal of International Relations, Security Dialogue, the Journal of International Relations and Development and International Theory.
1. Reforming international organizations in the shadow of fragmentation ; 2. The centrifugal reproduction of international organizations ; 3. Locking in a Pan American headstart: the long founding moment of the World Health Organization ; 4. The secondary effects of Primary Health Care ; 5. One WHO: new managerialism, old structures, and the simulation of corporate agency ; 6. Decentralization and fragmentation in the United Nations: comparing ILO and UNESCO ; 7. Implications: Reform and fragmentation in global governance ; Appendices