International Organizations in World Politics
By: Tamar L. Gutner (author)Paperback
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International organizations (IOs) are essential and controversial actors in world politics today. They work on just about every imaginable issue that states cannot easily address individually. This timely and engaging new title offers a comprehensive overview of major IOs and their role in global governance. International Organizations in World Politics by Tamar Gutner presents a variety of theoretical approaches to analyzing the roles and impact of IOs. It then examines the historical development, governance structure, activities, and performance of major IOs. The book offers comprehensive, historically-grounded overviews of the most influential IOs, including the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, and World Trade Organization. For each IO, there is a detailed case study that illuminates the constraints and challenges the IO faces in areas that include conflict resolution, development, the environment, trade, and financial crisis. The book also examines regional organizations, with an emphasis on the European Union and the euro crisis and the African Union's peace operations.
Chapter 1: Introduction What is an IO? Brief History and Evolution Range of IO Goals Why Do States Create IOs? ConclusionChapter 2: Intellectual Context: The Evolution of IO Theory 1930s-1970s Flavors of Institutionalism 1990s-Present: Contemporary Issues and Debates ConclusionChapter 3: United Nations Birth of the UN The UN Charter and Main Organs The Larger UN Family UN Evolution Post-Cold War and Beyond UN and Human Rights Peacekeeping and Peace Operations Scholarly Evaluation of Peacekeeping ConclusionChapter 4: United Nations Case Study: Rwanda/Genocide What Happened The Aftermath What Went Wrong? ConclusionChapter 5: The World Bank Birth of the Bank Evolution The Last Decade Perspectives on the Bank ConclusionChapter 6: World Bank Case Study: Environmental Behavior and Performance Environment and Development How Might Bank Activities Impact the Environment? Evolution of Bank's Environmental Activities, Politics, Behavior Some Quasi-Internal Critiques External Views and Debates ConclusionChapter 7: The International Monetary Fund The IMF's Mandate at Birth IMF Membership and Governance Major Turning Points in the IMF's History Perspectives on the IMF ConclusionChapter 8: International Monetary Fund Case Study: IMF and the Global Financial Crisis What Sparked the Crisis? September 2008: The Crisis Erupts Enter the IMF Evaluation of Responses and Activities ConclusionChapter 9: The World Trade Organization Open Markets, Protected Markets The GATT WTO Birth, Governance, Dispute Settlement Evaluation Looking Ahead Perspectives on the WTO ConclusionChapter 10: World Trade Organization Case Study: Intellectual Property, Trade, and Access to Medicine Trade and Pharmaceuticals November 2001 Doha Declaration and 2003 Cancun Agreement Evaluating the Doha Declaration Important Initiatives outside of WTO Other Current Issues of WTO, Health, and Trade Perspectives on WTO, Intellectual Property, and Global Health Governance ConclusionChapter 11: Regional Organizations/European Union General Overview of Regional Organizations Debates about Regionals The European Union Economic and Monetary Union/Euro Crisis Perspectives on the EU ConclusionChapter 12: Regional Organizations Case Study: African Union Peace Operations From the Old OAU to the New AU The Peace and Security Council Relationship between PSC and the UN Security Council PSC's Major Peace Operations Evaluation Conclusion
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