Clear, practical IPSAS guidance, explanation, and examples Interpretation and Application of IPSAS provides practical guidance on the implementation and application of the International Public Sector Accounting Standards. This book brings readers up to date on the standards, and describes their proper interpretation and real-world application. Examples and mini-case studies clarify the standards' roles throughout, giving readers a better understanding of complex processes, especially where the IPSAS deviate from IFRS. Readers also gain insight into smoothly navigating the transition for a public sector entity, which is moving to either IPSAS under accrual basis of accounting or to cash accounting IPSAS, plus an overview of IPSAS adoption status and methods around the world. Global public sector accounting is highly diversified, resulting in ongoing moves to harmonise standards worldwide. The IPSAS are international standards that largely follow the IFRS model, but differ in some key areas and include standards in places where IFRS has none. This book provides complete guidance to IPSAS, with clear explanation and expert insight.
* Understand the meaning and role of each standard * Apply the standards to real-world scenarios * Manage the process of transition to IPSAS These standards are meant to be followed by all public sector entities, including national and regional governments and local authorities. They've been adopted by the UN, NATO, the European Commission, and others, and either have been or soon will be adopted in Malaysia, Switzerland, Spain, and more.
Foreword vii Acknowledgements ix About the Authors xi List of IPSAS with Corresponding IFRS xiii List of IPSAS with Brief Description xv Part 1 Introducing Public Sector Accounting 1 Introduction 3 2 Why Converge Public Sector Accounting Practices? 11 3 The IPSASB 17 Part 2 Accrual-based IPSAS 4 The IPSASB Conceptual Framework and Key Accrual Accounting Concepts 35 5 Financial Statements 55 6 Disclosure Standards 109 7 Long-Term (Non-Current) Assets 123 8 Current Assets 167 9 Service Concession Arrangements: Grantor 175 10 Leases and Leasing Arrangements 187 11 Revenues and Expenses 207 12 Employee Benefits, Social Benefits, and Other Liabilities 243 13 Provisions and Contingencies 257 14 Budget Reporting 271 15 Financial Instruments 285 16 Consolidations and Strategic Investments 307 17 Specific Standards: Accounting for Agriculture and Accounting in Hyperinflation Economies 327 18 Recommended Practice Guidelines (RPGs) 339 Part 3 Cash-Based IPSAS 19 Cash Basis IPSAS 351 Part 4 Making the Transition to IPSAS and Closing 20 Making the Transition to IPSAS 375 Conclusion 407 Annex 1: Brief Description of IPSAS 409 Annex 2: Key Characteristics of Public Sector Entities 413 Annex 3: Employee Benefits: An Overview of the Key Principles 415 Annex 4: Appendix to Chapter 21. Transition to IPSAS. Case Example: Iceland IPSAS Implementation Plan 417 Bibliography 425 Index