This book explains the correct logical approach to analysis of forensic scientific evidence. The focus is on general methods of analysis applicable to all forms of evidence. It starts by explaining the general principles and then applies them to issues in DNA and other important forms of scientific evidence as examples. Like the first edition, the book analyses real legal cases and judgments rather than hypothetical examples and shows how the problems perceived in those cases would have been solved by a correct logical approach. The book is written to be understood both by forensic scientists preparing their evidence and by lawyers and judges who have to deal with it. The analysis is tied back both to basic scientific principles and to the principles of the law of evidence. This book will also be essential reading for law students taking evidence or forensic science papers and science students studying the application of their scientific specialisation to forensic questions.
Preface Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION Chapter 2 INTERPRETING SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE Chapter 3 THE ALTERNATIVE HYPOTHESIS Chapter 4 WHAT QUESTIONS CAN THE EXPERT DEAL WITH? Chapter 5 EXPLAINING THE STRENGTH OF EVIDENCE Chapter 6 THE CASE AS A WHOLE Chapter 7 FORENSIC SCIENCE METHODOLOGY Chapter 8 ASSIGNING LIKELIHOOD RATIOS Chapter 9 ERRORS OF THINKING Chapter 10 FREQUENTIST STATISTICS AND DATABASE MATCHING Chapter 11 IMPLICATIONS FOR THE LEGAL SYSTEM Chapter 12 CONCLUSION Index