Introduction to Cosmetic Formulation and Technology

Introduction to Cosmetic Formulation and Technology

By: Gabriella Baki (author), Kenneth S. Alexander (author)Hardback

1 - 2 weeks availability

Description

Designed as an educational and training text, this book provides a clear and easily understandable review of cosmetics and over the counter (OTC) drug-cosmetic products. The text features learning objectives, key concepts, and key terms at the beginning and review questions and glossary of terms at the end of each chapter section. Overviews functions, product design, formulation and development, and quality control of cosmetic ingredients Discusses physiological, pharmaceutical, and formulation knowledge of decorative care products Reviews basic terms and definitions used in the cosmetic industry and provides an overview of the regulatory environment in the US Includes learning objectives, key concepts, and key terms at the beginning and review questions and glossary of terms at the end of each chapter section Has PowerPoint slides as ancillaries, downloadable from the book's wiley.com page, for adopting professors

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About Author

Gabriella Baki is an Assistant Professor of Pharmaceutics at the University of Toledo College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences (UT CPPS). She serves as the main instructor in UT CPPS s undergraduate program, the BS in Pharmaceutical Sciences Cosmetic Science and Formulation Design Major. Dr. Baki is a pharmacist, graduated in 2008 from the University of Szeged, Hungary and from where she also has a Ph.D. in Pharmaceutics. Kenneth Alexander is Professor of Pharmacy at The University of Toledo and has been there since 1972. He developed the Industrial Pharmacy graduate program at this institution and is currently its Coordinator. In 2003, he developed the BSPS Pharmaceutics Major and, in 2011, the Cosmetic Science and Formulation Design Major and is the currently the Coordinator for both undergraduate programs. He graduated from the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy & Science and the University of Rhode Island.

Contents

Preface xvii Acknowledgments xix Biography of Gabriella Baki xxi Biography of Kenneth S. Alexander xxiii 1 General Concepts 1 Section 1: Basic Definitions 1 Learning Objectives 1 Key Concepts 2 What is Cosmetic Science? 2 Basic Definitions 4 How is a Product s Intended Use Established in the United States? 10 Popular Cosmetic Claims 10 A Special Category: Soap 18 Glossary of Terms for Section 1 19 Review Questions for Section 1 20 References 23 Section 2: Classification of Cosmetics and OTC Drug Cosmetic Products. Cosmetic Ingredients and Active Ingredients used in Cosmetics and OTC Drug Cosmetic Products 25 Learning Objectives 25 Key Concepts 26 Classification of Cosmetics and OTC Drug Cosmetic Products 26 Major Ingredient Types in Cosmetics and OTC Drug Cosmetic Products and their Functions 28 Glossary of Terms for Section 2 45 Review Questions for Section 2 47 References 49 Section 3: Dosage Forms for Cosmetics and OTC Drug Cosmetic Products 50 Learning Objectives 50 Key Concepts 51 What is a Dosage Form? 52 Dosage Forms for Cosmetic Applications 53 Glossary of Terms for Section 3 63 Review Questions for Section 3 64 References 67 2 Legislation for Cosmetics and OTC Drug Cosmetic Products 69 Section 1: Current Rules and Regulations for Cosmetics and OTC Drug Cosmetic Products in the United States and European Union 69 Learning Objectives 69 Key Concepts 70 Introduction 71 Regulation in the United States 72 Regulation in the European Union 80 Import of Products 84 Recalls 84 Glossary of Terms for Section 1 85 Review Questions for Section 1 85 References 88 Section 2: Labeling Tutorial for Cosmetics and OTC Drug Cosmetic Products Marketed in the United States 90 Learning Objectives 90 Key Concepts 91 Introduction 92 Definitions 92 Cosmetic Products 94 OTC Drug Cosmetic Products 98 INCI Naming 101 How do you Know the Exact Composition of a Cosmetic Product or OTC Drug Cosmetic Product? 102 Glossary of Terms for Section 2 103 Review Questions for Section 2 104 References 108 Section 3: Government and Independent Organizations in the Cosmetic Industry 109 Learning Objectives 109 Key Concepts 109 Introduction 110 Food and Drug Administration 110 Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition 111 Center for Drug Evaluation and Research 111 Personal Care Product Council 111 Cosmetic Ingredient Review Panel 111 Federal Trade Commission 112 European Commission 112 Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety 113 Cosmetics Europe the Personal Care Association 113 Glossary of Terms for Section 3 113 Review Questions for Section 3 114 References 116 Section 4: Cosmetic Good Manufacturing Practices 116 Learning Objectives 116 Key Concepts 117 Cosmetic Good Manufacturing Practices 117 Glossary of Terms for Section 4 122 Review Questions for Section 4 123 References 124 3 Skin Care Products 125 Introduction 125 Section 1: Skin Anatomy and Physiology 126 Learning Objectives 126 Key Concepts 127 Introduction 127 Structure and Function of Human Skin 128 Epidermis 128 Dermis 132 Hypodermis 133 Moisture Content of Normal Skin 133 Skin Flora and Skin pH 135 Surface Charge of Normal Skin 135 Skin Types 136 Skin Types Based on Hydration State and Lipid Content 137 Skin Types Based on Gender 139 Glossary of Terms for Section 1 140 Review Questions for Section 1 141 References 144 Section 2: Skin Cleansing Products 147 Learning Objectives 147 Key Concepts 148 Introduction 149 Types and Definition of Skin Cleansing Products 150 History of Using Skin Cleansing Products 150 How Skin Cleansing Products May Affect the Skin? 152 Required Qualities and Characteristics and Consumer Needs 154 Cleansing Products Basic Concepts 155 Classification Based on Chemical Nature and Mildness 155 Classification Based on Cleaning Principle 156 Classification Based on Foamability 157 Classification Based on Product Types 157 Typical Ingredients and Formulation of Skin Cleansing Products 158 Face 158 Body 164 Hand 170 Considerations When Selecting Skin Cleansing Products 175 Typical Quality Problems of Skin Cleansing Products 176 Evaluation of Skin Cleansing Products 180 Quality Parameters Generally Tested 180 Efficacy (Performance) Parameters Generally Tested 190 Ingredients Causing Safety Concerns 191 Packaging of Skin Cleansing Products 194 Glossary of Terms for Section 2 194 Review Questions for Section 2 196 References 199 Section 3: Skin Moisturizing Products 204 Learning Objectives 204 Key Concepts 205 Introduction 206 Types and Definition of Skin Moisturizers 206 History of Using Skin Moisturizers 207 How Skin Moisturizers May Affect the Skin? 208 Required Qualities and Characteristics and Consumer Needs 210 Typical Ingredients and Formulation of Skin Moisturizers 210 Considerations When Selecting Skin Moisturizers 219 Typical Quality Issues of Skin Moisturizer Formulations 220 Evaluation of Skin Moisturizing Products 220 Packaging of Skin Moisturizers 226 Glossary of Terms for Section 3 226 Review Questions for Section 3 227 References 230 Section 4: Products for Special Skin Concerns Aging and Acne 232 Learning Objectives 232 Key Concepts 234 Introduction 234 Part 1: Anti-Aging Products 235 Drug or Cosmetic? 238 Typical Ingredients Used in Topical Anti-Aging Products 238 Formulation Considerations for Topical Anti-Aging Products 243 Formulation Challenges for Common Anti-Aging Ingredients 247 Safety Issues Regarding the Use of Topical Non-invasive Anti-Aging Ingredients 248 Part 2: Anti-Acne Products 249 Causes of Acne and Potential Exacerbating Factors 251 Symptoms and Types of Acne Vulgaris 253 Treatment of Acne Vulgaris 255 Formulation Considerations 259 Ingredients Causing Safety Concerns 260 Glossary of Terms for Section 4 261 Review Questions for Section 4 262 References 265 Section 5: Sun Care Products 273 Learning Objectives 273 Key Concepts 274 Introduction 275 Sun Protection Basics 275 Sun Protection Factor (SPF) 278 Broad-Spectrum Protection 280 Water Resistance 281 Effects of Ultraviolet Radiation on the Human Body 281 Types and Definition of Sun Care Products 283 History of Using Sun Care Products 284 Required Qualities and Characteristics and Consumer Needs 285 Sunscreens 286 UV Filters 286 Additional Ingredients of Sunscreens 288 Product Forms 289 Optimizing Product Efficacy and Consumer Acceptance 291 After-Sun Preparations 293 Typical Quality Problems of Sun Care Products 294 Evaluation of Sun Care Products 295 Packaging of Sun Care Products 303 Glossary of Terms for Section 5 304 Review Questions for Section 5 306 References 309 Section 6: Deodorants and Antiperspirants 315 Learning Objectives 315 Key Concepts 316 Introduction 317 Anatomy and Physiology of Human Sweat Glands 317 Types and Definition of Products Reducing Body Odor 319 History of Using Deodorants and Antiperspirants 320 How Deodorants and Antiperspirants May Affect the Human Skin and Body? 321 Required Qualities and Characteristics and Consumer Needs 322 Types of Ingredients Product Forms and Formulation of Deodorants and Antiperspirants 323 Typical Quality Problems of Deodorants and Antiperspirants 329 Evaluation of Deodorants and Antiperspirants 331 Packaging of Deodorants and Antiperspirants 336 Glossary of Terms for Section 6 336 Review Questions for Section 6 337 References 339 4 Color Cosmetics 345 Introduction 345 Section 1: Lip Makeup Products 346 Learning Objectives 346 Key Concepts 347 Introduction 348 Anatomy and Physiology of Human Lips 348 History of Using Lip Makeup Products 349 Types and Definition of Lip Makeup Products 350 How Lip Makeup Products May Affect the Human Lips? 352 Required Qualities and Characteristics and Consumer Needs 352 Typical Ingredients of Lip Makeup Products 353 Typical Lipstick Types 356 Formulation of Lip Makeup Products 356 Typical Quality Problems of Lip Makeup Products 360 Evaluation of Lip Makeup Products 363 Packaging of Lip Makeup Products 366 Glossary of Terms for Section 1 366 Review Questions for Section 1 367 References 370 Section 2: Eye Makeup Products 371 Learning Objectives 371 Key Concepts 372 Introduction 372 Anatomy and Physiology of Human Eyelids and Eyelashes 373 History of Using Eye Makeup Products 374 Types and Definition of Eye Makeup Products 375 How Eye Makeup Products May Affect the Eye Area? 375 Required Qualities and Characteristics and Consumer Needs 377 Typical Ingredients and Formulation of Eye Makeup Products 378 Typical Quality Problems of Eye Makeup Products 385 Evaluation of Eye Makeup Products 386 Packaging of Eye Makeup Products 391 Glossary of Terms for Section 2 392 Review Questions for Section 2 393 References 395 Section 3: Facial Makeup Products 397 Learning Objectives 397 Key Concepts 398 Introduction 398 Types and Definition of Facial Makeup Products 399 History of Using Facial Makeup Products 400 How Facial Makeup Products May Affect the Skin? 400 Required Qualities and Characteristics and Consumer Needs 402 Typical Ingredients and Formulation of Facial Makeup Products 403 Powder Makeup Products for the Face 403 Typical Quality Problems of Facial Makeup Products 410 Evaluation of Facial Makeup Products 410 Packaging of Facial Makeup Products 411 Glossary of Terms for Section 3 412 Review Questions for Section 3 413 References 414 Section 4: Nail Care Products 416 Learning Objectives 416 Key Concepts 417 Introduction 417 Anatomy and Physiology of Human Nails 418 History of Using Nail Care Products 420 Types and Definition of Nail Care Products 421 How Nail Care Products May Affect the Human Nails? 422 Required Qualities and Characteristics and Consumer Needs 423 Functional Nail Care Products 424 Typical Quality Problems of Nail Care Products 433 Evaluation of Nail Care Products 434 Packaging of Nail Care Products 439 Glossary of Terms for Section 4 440 Review Questions for Section 4 441 References 443 5 Hair Care Products 447 Introduction 447 Section 1: Hair Anatomy and Physiology 448 Learning Objectives 448 Key Concepts 449 Introduction 449 Structure and Function of Human Hair 450 Hair Growth Cycle and Hair Loss 453 Chemical Composition of Human Hair 455 Physical Properties of Human Hair 457 Hair Weathering 457 Hair Types 458 Glossary of Terms for Section 1 460 Review Questions for Section 1 461 References 463 Section 2: Hair Cleansing and Conditioning Products 464 Learning Objectives 464 Key Concepts 465 Introduction 466 Types and Definition of Hair Cleansing and Conditioning Products 466 History of Using Shampoos and Hair Conditioning Products 467 How Hair Cleaning and Conditioning Products May Affect the Hair and Scalp? 467 Required Qualities and Characteristics and Consumer Needs 469 Hair Cleansing Products 470 Hair Conditioners 476 Types of Conditioners 478 Typical Quality Problems of Shampoos and Hair Conditioners 479 Evaluation of Shampoos and Hair Conditioners 480 Packaging of Shampoos and Hair Conditioners 482 Glossary of Terms for Section 2 482 Review Questions for Section 2 483 References 485 Section 3: Hair Styling Products Hair Straightening Products and Hair Waving Products 487 Learning Objectives 487 Key Concepts 489 Introduction 489 Types and Definition of Hair Styling Products Hair Straightening Products and Hair Waving Products 490 History of Using Hair Styling Products 491 How Hair Styling Products and Procedures May Affect the Human Hair and Scalp? 492 Required Qualities and Characteristics and Consumer Needs 494 Hair Styling Formulations 495 Hair Styling Procedures 499 Typical Quality Problems of Hair Styling Products 507 Evaluation of Hair Styling Products 507 Glossary of Terms for Section 3 515 Review Questions for Section 3 516 References 518 Section 4: Hair Coloring Products 522 Learning Objectives 522 Key Concepts 523 Introduction 524 Types and Definition of Hair Coloring Products 524 History of Using Hair Coloring Products 525 How Hair Coloring Products May Affect the Scalp and Hair? 526 Required Qualities and Characteristics and Consumer Needs 527 Current US Regulation on Hair Dyes 528 Types Typical Ingredients and Formulation of Hair Coloring Products 529 Typical Quality Problems of Hair Coloring Products 536 Evaluation of Hair Coloring Products 536 Packaging of Hair Coloring Products 537 Glossary of Terms for Section 4 538 Review Questions for Section 4 539 References 541 6 Oral and Dental Care Products 545 Introduction 545 Learning Objectives 546 Key Concepts 547 Anatomy and Physiology of the Human Oral Cavity 548 Brief Review of the Most Common Oral and Dental Care Problems 551 History of Using Oral and Dental Care Products 553 Types and Definition of Oral and Dental Care Products 554 How Oral and Dental Care Products May Affect the Teeth and the Oral Cavity? 555 Required Qualities and Characteristics and Consumer Needs 556 Toothpaste 557 Ingredients 557 Rheology of Toothpaste Formulations 563 Formulation of Toothpaste 564 Mouthwash 566 Ingredients 566 Formulation of Mouthwash 568 Other Products 568 Tooth Whitening Aids 568 Tooth Powders 570 Dental Floss 570 Typical Quality Problems of Oral and Dental Care Products 571 Hardening 571 Inappropriate Viscosity 571 Grittiness 572 Cloudy Solution 572 Evaluation of Dental and Oral Care Products 572 Quality Parameters Generally Tested 572 Efficacy (Performance) Parameters Generally Tested 573 Ingredients Causing Safety Concern 574 Packaging of Dental and Oral Care Products 575 Glossary of Terms for Chapter 6 576 Review Questions for Chapter 6 577 References 580 7 Other Products 585 Introduction 585 Section 1: Hair Removal Products 586 Learning Objectives 586 Key Concepts 587 Introduction 588 Brief Review of the Structure and Function of Human Hair 588 History of Using Hair Removal Products 589 Possible Methods for Removing Hair 590 Types and Definition of Hair Removal Products 594 How Hair Removal Products May Affect the Skin and Hair? 595 Required Qualities and Characteristics and Consumer Needs 597 Product Types Typical Ingredients and Formulation of Hair Removal Products 598 Typical Quality Problems of Hair Removal Products 607 Evaluation of Hair Removal Products 607 Packaging of Hair Removal Products 608 Glossary of Terms for Section 1 608 Review Questions for Section 1 609 References 611 Section 2: Baby Care Products 613 Learning Objectives 613 Key Concepts 614 Introduction 615 Anatomical and Physiological Differences between Baby and Adult Skin and Hair 615 Types and Definition of Baby Care Products 618 History of Using Baby Care Products 618 How Baby Care Products May Affect Baby Skin and Hair? 619 Required Qualities and Characteristics and Consumer Needs 621 Types Typical Ingredients and Formulation of Baby Care Products 621 Typical Quality Problems of Baby Care Products 629 Evaluation of Baby Care Products 629 Packaging of Baby Care Products 631 Glossary of Terms for Section 2 632 Review Questions for Section 2 632 References 634 Section 3: Sunless Tanning Products 639 Learning Objectives 639 Key Concepts 639 Introduction 640 Types and Definition of Sunless Tanning Products 640 History of Using Sunless Tanning Products 641 Required Qualities and Characteristics and Consumer Needs 641 How Sunless Tanners May Affect the Human Body? 642 Sunless Tanning Products 644 Formulation Concerns 646 Typical Quality Problems of Sunless Tanning Products 648 Evaluation of Sunless Tanning Products 648 Packaging of Sunless Tanning Products 649 Glossary of Terms for Section 3 649 Review Questions for Section 3 650 References 651 Section 4: Feminine Hygiene Products 653 Learning Objectives 653 Key Concepts 654 Introduction 655 Anatomy and Physiology of the Female Genital Area 655 Types and Definition of Feminine Hygiene Products 658 History of Using Feminine Hygiene Products 659 How Feminine Hygiene Products May Affect the Human Body and Genital Area? 660 Required Qualities and Characteristics and Consumer Needs 662 Types Typical Ingredients and Formulation of Feminine Hygiene Products 663 Typical Quality Problems of Feminine Hygiene Products 668 Evaluation of Feminine Hygiene Products 668 Packaging of Feminine Hygiene Products 670 Glossary of Terms for Section 4 671 Review Questions for Section 4 672 References 674 Key for Review Questions 679 Index 685

Product Details

  • publication date: 03/04/2015
  • ISBN13: 9781118763780
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 728
  • ID: 9781118763780
  • weight: 1090
  • ISBN10: 1118763785

Delivery Information

  • Saver Delivery: Yes
  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
  • Courier Delivery: Yes
  • Store Delivery: Yes

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