All peoples and cultures face environmental issues-but as this accessible text shows, how they respond to such issues varies widely around the world and across human history. Introduction to Cultural Ecology, Third Edition, familiarizes students with the foundations of the field and provides a framework for exploring what other cultures can teach us about human/environment relationships. Drawing on both biological and cultural approaches, the authors first cover basic principles of cultural anthropology, environmental studies, and human biological adaptations to the environment. They then consider environmental concerns within the context of diverse means of making a living, from hunting and gathering to modern industrial societies; detailed case studies add depth and breadth to the discussion.
Mark Q. Sutton is professor emeritus of anthropology at California State University, Bakersfield, and is principal investigator at Statistical Research, Inc., a cultural resource management and heritage preservation firm. E. N. Anderson is professor emeritus of anthropology at the University of California, Riverside.
Contents List of Figures and Tables Preface Acknowledgments 1 Introduction What Is Cultural Ecology? Anthropology The Study of Human Ecology A History of Thought on Culture and Environment The Rise of Cultural Ecology Thus ... Chapter Summary Key Terms 2 Fundamentals of Ecology The Environment Niche and Habitat Resources Energy Chapter Summary Key Terms 3 Human Biological Ecology Humans as Animals Biological Adaptations Human Population Regulation Nutrition Evolutionary Ecology Chapter Summary Key Terms CASE STUDY 3.1. The Dietary Role of Insects in the Ancient Great Basin 4 Cultural Ecology Human Capabilities Culture as an Adaptive Mechanism Traditional Knowledge Systems Human Control of the Environment Decision Making A Concluding Thought on Management Chapter Summary Key Terms 5 Hunting and Gathering Hunter-Gatherer Classification The Hunter-Gatherer Stereotype Bias in Hunter-Gatherer Studies Population Settlement and Subsistence Environmental Manipulation and Resource Management Relations with other Groups Chapter Summary Key Terms CASE STUDY 5.1: The Nuu-chah-nulth of British Columbia CASE STUDY 5.2: The Mbuti of the Ituri Forest 6 The Origins of Food Production Agricultural Domestication The Transition to Farming On the Origin of Agriculture Types of Agriculture The Impact of Agriculture Chapter Summary Key Terms 7 Horticulture Horticultural Techniques Use of Wild Resources Environmental Manipulation and Resource Management Relations with Other Groups Chapter Summary Key Terms CASE STUDY 7.1: The Grand Valley Dani of Highland New Guinea CASE STUDY 7.2: The Lozi of Western Zambia 8 Pastoralism General Sociopolitical Organization Types of Pastoralism The Geography of Pastoralism The Origin of Pastoralism Some Parameters of Pastoralism Use of Nonpastoral Products Environmental Manipulation and Resource Management Relations with Other Groups A Note on the Impact of Grazing Chapter Summary Key Terms CASE STUDY 8.1: The Maasai: Pastoralists in East Africa CASE STUDY 8.2: The Navajo: Pastoralists of the American Southwest CASE STUDY 8.3: Cattle Ranchers in the American West, by Kimberly Hedrick 9 Intensive Agriculture Changes in Scale Techniques of Intensive Agriculture Contemporary Industrialized Agriculture Environmental Manipulation and Resource Management Relations with Other Groups Chapter Summary Key Terms CASE STUDY 9.1: Mountains and Water: The Traditional Agricultural System along South Coastal China CASE STUDY 9.2: The Maya Agricultural System 10 Current Issues and Problems The Tragedy of the Commons Agricultural Involution Agricultural Development and Intensification The Rainforest Dilemma The General Problem Chapter Summary Key Terms Glossary References Index About the Authors