Infrared spectroscopy is generally understood to mean the science of spectra relating to infrared radiation, namely electromagnetic waves, in the wavelength region occurring intermediately between visible light and microwaves. Measurements of infrared spectra have been providing useful information, for a variety of scientific research and industrial studies, for over half a century; this is set to continue in the foreseeable future. Introduction to Experimental Infrared Spectroscopy is intended to be a handy guide for those who have no, or limited, experience in infrared spectroscopic measurements but are utilising infrared-related methods for their research or in practical applications. Written by leading researchers and experienced practitioners, this work consists of 22 chapters and presents the basic theory, methodology and practical measurement methods, including ATR, photoacoustic, IR imaging, NIR, 2D-COS, and VCD. The six Appendices will aid readers in understanding the concepts presented in the main text. Written in an easy-to-understand way this book is suitable for students, researchers and technicians working with infrared spectroscopy and related methods.
List of Contributors ix Preface xi Part I Fundamentals of Infrared Spectroscopic Measurements 1 1. Introduction to Infrared Spectroscopy 3 Mitsuo Tasumi 2. Sample Handling and Related Matters in Infrared Spectroscopic Measurements 15 Akira Sakamoto 3. Quantitative Infrared Spectroscopic Analysis 29 Shukichi Ochiai 4. Principles of FT-IR Spectrometry 41 Koji Masutani 5. Hardware and Software in FT-IR Spectrometry 59 Koji Masutani 6. Computer Processing of Measured Infrared Spectra 83 Shukichi Ochiai 7. Chemometrics in Infrared Spectroscopic Analysis 97 Takeshi Hasegawa Part II Practical Methods of Measurements 115 8. Reflection Measurements at Normal Incidence 117 Takeshi Hasegawa 9. External-Reflection Spectrometry for Thin Films and Surfaces 127 Takeshi Hasegawa 10. Reflection Absorption Spectroscopy of Thin Layers on Metal Surfaces 141 Koji Masutani and Shukichi Ochiai 11. Polarization-Modulation Spectrometry and its Application to Reflection Absorption Measurements 153 Koji Masutani 12. Diffuse-Reflection Measurements 169 Shukichi Ochiai 13. Attenuated Total Reflection Measurements 179 Shukichi Ochiai 14. Photoacoustic Spectrometry Measurements 199 Shukichi Ochiai 15. Emission Spectroscopic Measurements 209 Shukichi Ochiai 16. Infrared Microspectroscopic Measurements 223 Shukichi Ochiai and Hirofumi Seki 17. Infrared Microspectroscopic Imaging 241 Shigeru Shimada 18. Near-Infrared Spectroscopy 253 Masao Takayanagi 19. Far-Infrared Spectroscopy and Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy 269 Seizi Nishizawa 20. Time-Resolved Infrared Absorption Measurements 287 Akira Sakamoto 21. Two-Dimensional Correlation Spectroscopy 307 Shigeaki Morita, Hideyuki Shinzawa, Isao Noda, and Yukihiro Ozaki 22. Vibrational Circular Dichroism 321 Yoshiaki Hamada Part III Appendices 335 AppendixA The Speed, Frequency, Wavelength, and Wavenumber of an Electromagnetic Wave 337 Mitsuo Tasumi Appendix B Formulae Expressing the Electric Field of an Electromagnetic Wave and Related Subjects 339 Mitsuo Tasumi AppendixC Coherence of the Thermal Radiation 345 Mitsuo Tasumi AppendixD Mathematical Methods in FT-IR Spectrometry 347 Mitsuo Tasumi Appendix E Electromagnetic Pulse on the Time Axis and its Spectrum 359 Mitsuo Tasumi Appendix F Basic Concept of Two-Dimensional Correlation Spectroscopy 363 Isao Noda Index 375
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