Noted for its integration of real-world data and case studies, this text offers sound coverage of the theoretical aspects of mathematical statistics. The authors demonstrate how and when to use statistical methods, while reinforcing the calculus that students have mastered in previous courses. Throughout theFifth Edition, the authors have added and updated examples and case studies, while also refining existing features that show a clear path from theory to practice.
1. Introduction 1.1 An Overview 1.2 Some Examples 1.3 A Brief History1.4 A Chapter Summary 2. Probability 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Sample Spaces and the Algebra of Sets 2.3 The Probability Function 2.4 Conditional Probability 2.5 Independence 2.6 Combinatorics 2.7 Combinatorial Probability 2.8 Taking a Second Look at Statistics (Monte Carlo Techniques) 3. Random Variables 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Binomial and Hypergeometric Probabilities 3.3 Discrete Random Variables 3.4 Continuous Random Variables 3.5 Expected Values 3.6 The Variance 3.7 Joint Densities 3.8 Transforming and Combining Random Variables 3.9 Further Properties of the Mean and Variance 3.10 Order Statistics 3.11 Conditional Densities 3.12 Moment-Generating Functions 3.13 Taking a Second Look at Statistics (Interpreting Means) Appendix 3.A.1 MINITAB Applications 4. Special Distributions 4.1 Introduction 4.2 The Poisson Distribution 4.3 The Normal Distribution 4.4 The Geometric Distribution 4.5 The Negative Binomial Distribution 4.6 The Gamma Distribution 4.7 Taking a Second Look at Statistics (Monte Carlo Simulations) Appendix 4.A.1 MINITAB Applications Appendix 4.A.2 A Proof of the Central Limit Theorem 5. Estimation 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Estimating Parameters: The Method of Maximum Likelihood and the Method of Moments 5.3 Interval Estimation 5.4 Properties of Estimators 5.5 Minimum-Variance Estimators: The Cramer-Rao Lower Bound 5.6 Sufficient Estimators 5.7 Consistency 5.8 Bayesian Estimation 5.9 Taking A Second Look at Statistics (Beyond Classical Estimation) Appendix 5.A.1 MINITAB Applications 6. Hypothesis Testing 6.1 Introduction 6.2 The Decision Rule 6.3 Testing Binomial Data-H0: p = po 6.4 Type I and Type II Errors 6.5 A Notion of Optimality: The Generalized Likelihood Ratio 6.6 Taking a Second Look at Statistics (Statistical Significance versus "Practical" Significance) 7. Inferences Based on the Normal Distribution 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Comparing Y- s/ vn and Y- S/ vn7.3 Deriving the Distribution of Y- S/ vn7.4 Drawing Inferences About 7.5 Drawing Inferences About s2 7.6 Taking a Second Look at Statistics (Type II Error) Appendix 7.A.1 MINITAB Applications Appendix 7.A.2 Some Distribution Results for Y and S2 Appendix 7.A.3 A Proof that the One-Sample t Test is a GLRT Appendix 7.A.4 A Proof of Theorem 7.5.2 8. Types of Data: A Brief Overview 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Classifying Data 8.3 Taking a Second Look at Statistics (Samples Are Not "Valid"!) 9. Two-Sample Inferences 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Testing H0: X =Y 9.3 Testing H0: s2X=s2Y-The F Test 9.4 Binomial Data: Testing H0: pX = pY 9.5 Confidence Intervals for the Two-Sample Problem 9.6 Taking a Second Look at Statistics (Choosing Samples) Appendix 9.A.1 A Derivation of the Two-Sample t Test (A Proof of Theorem 9.2.2) Appendix 9.A.2 MINITAB Applications 10. Goodness-of-Fit Tests 10.1 Introduction 10.2 The Multinomial Distribution 10.3 Goodness-of-Fit Tests: All Parameters Known 10.4 Goodness-of-Fit Tests: Parameters Unknown 10.5 Contingency Tables 10.6 Taking a Second Look at Statistics (Outliers) Appendix 10.A.1 MINITAB Applications 11. Regression 11.1 Introduction 11.2 The Method of Least Squares 11.3 The Linear Model 11.4 Covariance and Correlation 11.5 The Bivariate Normal Distribution 11.6 Taking a Second Look at Statistics (How Not to Interpret the Sample Correlation Coefficient) Appendix 11.A.1 MINITAB Applications Appendix 11.A.2 A Proof of Theorem 11.3.3 12. The Analysis of Variance 12.1 Introduction 12.2 The F Test 12.3 Multiple Comparisons: Tukey's Method 12.4 Testing Subhypotheses with Contrasts 12.5 Data Transformations 12.6 Taking a Second Look at Statistics (Putting the Subject of Statistics together-the Contributions of Ronald A. Fisher) Appendix 12.A.1 MINITAB Applications Appendix 12.A.2 A Proof of Theorem 12.2.2 Appendix 12.A.3 The Distribution of SSTR/(k-1) SSE/(n-k)When H1 is True Answers to Selected Odd-Numbered Questions Index