Following the collapse of the communist states it was assumed that Marxist philosophy had collapsed with it. In Introduction to Non-Marxism, Fran\u00e7ois Laruelle aims to recover Marxism along with its failure by asking the question \u201cWhat is to be done with Marxism itself?\u201d To answer, Laruelle resists the temptation to make Marxism more palatable after the death of metaphysics by transforming Marxism into a mere social science or by simply embracing with evangelical fervor the idea of communism. Instead Laruelle proposes a heretical science of Marxism that will investigate Marxism in both its failure and power so as to fashion new theoretical tools. In the course of engaging with the material of Marxism, Laruelle takes on the philosophy of Marx along with important philosophers who have extended that philosophy including Althusser, Balibar, Negri as well as the attempt at a phenomenological Marxism found in the work of Michel Henry. Through this engagement Laruelle develops with great precision the history and function of his concept of determination-in-the-last-instance. In the midst of the assumed failure of Marxism and the defections and resentment that followed, Laruelle\u2019s non-Marxism responds with the bold declaration: \u201cDo not give up on theory!\u201d
Francois Laruelle is professor emeritus at the University of Paris West Nanterre La Defence and author of many works on philosophy and his own project of "non-philosophy." Anthony Paul Smith is assistant professor in the Religion Department of La Salle University and fellow at the Institute for Nature and Culture, DePaul University.