# Introduction to Quantitative Methods in Business: With Applications Using Microsoft Office Excel

By: Michael J. Panik (author), Bharat Kolluri (author), Rao N. Singamsetti (author)Hardback

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### Contents

Preface xiii 1. The Mathematical Toolbox 1 1.1 Introduction 1 1.2 Linear Functions 2 1.3 Solving a Simple Linear Equation for one Unknown Variable 3 1.3.1 Solving Two Simultaneous Linear Equations for Two Unknown Variables 4 1.4 Summation Notation 6 1.5 Sets 12 1.5.1 Subset, Empty Set, Universal Set, and Complement of A Set 13 1.5.2 Intersection and Union 14 1.6 Functions and Graphs 15 1.6.1 Vertical Line Test 16 1.7 Working with Functions 17 1.7.1 Evaluating Functions 17 1.7.2 Graphing Functions 18 1.8 Differentiation and Integration 21 1.8.1 Derivative 22 1.8.2 Derivatives of Logarithmic and Exponential Functions 26 1.8.3 Higher Order Derivatives 26 1.8.4 Integration 28 1.8.5 The Definite Integral 29 1.8.6 Some Rules of Integration 31 1.9 Excel Applications 34 Chapter 1 Review 40 Eercises 41 Appendix 1.A: A Review of Basic Mathematics 45 Eercises 63 2. Applications of Linear and Nonlinear Functions 66 2.1 Introduction 66 2.2 Linear Demand and Supply Functions 66 2.3 Linear Total Cost and Total Revenue Functions 69 2.4 Market Equilibrium 71 2.5 Graphical Presentation of Equilibrium 72 2.6 Applications of Nonlinear Functions 73 2.7 Present Value of an Income Stream 78 2.8 Average Values 79 2.9 Marginal Values 80 2.10 Elasticity 81 2.11 Some Additional Business Applications 84 2.12 Excel Applications 84 Chapter 2 Review 86 Eercises 87 Excel Applications 90 3. Optimization 91 3.1 Introduction 91 3.2 Unconstrained Optimization 91 3.2.1 Models of Profit and Revenue Maximization 91 3.2.2 Solution by Trial and Error (Approximate) Method 92 3.2.3 Solution Using the Calculus Approach 93 3.2.4 Solution by Trial and Error (Approximate) Method 96 3.2.5 Solution Using the Calculus Approach 97 3.3 Models of Cost Minimization: Inventory Cost Functions and Eoq 99 3.3.1 Solution by Trial and Error Method 101 3.3.2 Solution Using the Calculus Approach 103 3.4 Constrained Optimization: Linear Programming 105 3.4.1 Linear Programming: Maximization 106 3.4.1.1 Solution by Graphical Method: First Approach 106 3.4.1.2 Solution by Graphical Method: Second Approach 109 3.4.2 Linear Programming: Minimization 114 3.5 Excel Applications 121 Chapter 3 Review 125 Chapter 3 Eercises 126 Excel Applications 130 4. What Is Business Statistics? 131 4.1 Introduction 131 4.2 Data Description 132 4.2.1 Some Important Concepts in Statistics 132 4.2.2 Scales of Data Measurement 132 4.3 Descriptive Statistics: Tabular and Graphical Techniques 134 4.4 Descriptive Statistics: Numerical Measures of Central Tendency or Location of Data 144 4.4.1 Population Mean 144 4.4.2 Sample Mean 145 4.4.3 Weighted Mean 147 4.4.4 Mean of a Frequency Distribution: Grouped Data 148 4.4.5 Geometric Mean 149 4.4.6 Median 151 4.4.7 Quantiles, Quartiles, 4.5 Descriptive Statistics: Measures of Dispersion Variability or Spread 155 4.5.1 Range 155 4.5.2 Variance 155 4.5.3 Standard Deviation 158 4.5.4 Coefficient of Variation 160 4.5.5 Some Important Uses of the Standard Deviation 163 4.5.6 Empirical Rule 165 4.6 Measuring Skewness 166 4.7 Excel Applications 169 Chapter 4 Review 186 Eercises 188 Excel Applications 191 5. Probability and Applications 194 5.1 Introduction 194 5.2 Some Useful Definitions 195 5.3 Probability Sources 196 5.3.1 Objective Probability 196 5.3.2 Subjective Probability 196 5.4 Some Useful Definitions Involving Sets of Events in the Sample Space 197 Complement of a Given Set A 199 Mutually Exclusive Events 200 5.5 Probability Laws 200 5.5.1 General Rule of Addition 200 5.5.2 Rule of Complements 202 5.5.3 Conditional Probability 202 5.5.4 General Rule of Multiplication (Product Rule) 203 5.5.5 Independent Events 204 5.5.6 Probability Tree Approach 204 5.6 Contingency Table 208 5.7 Excel Applications 213 Chapter 5 Review 214 Eercises 215 Excel Applications 218 6. Random Variables and Probability Distributions 219 6.1 Introduction 219 6.2 Probability Distribution of a Discrete Random Variable X 220 6.3 Expected Value, Variance, and Standard Deviation of a Discrete Random Variable X 222 6.3.1 Some Basic Rules of Expectation 224 6.3.2 Some Useful Properties of Variance of X 225 6.3.3 Applications of Expected Values 225 6.4 Continuous Random Variables and Their Probability Distributions 230 6.5 A Specific Discrete Probabilty Distribution: the Binomial Case 232 6.5.1 Binomial Probability Distribution 232 6.5.2 Mean and Standard Deviation of the Binomial Random Variable 237 6.5.3 Cumulative Binomial Probability Distribution 238 6.6 Excel Applications 241 Chapter 6 Review 245 Eercises 245 Appendix 6.A 252 About the Companion Website 263 Index 265

### Product Details

• publication date: 30/09/2016
• ISBN13: 9781119220978
• Format: Hardback
• Number Of Pages: 320
• ID: 9781119220978
• weight: 726
• ISBN10: 1119220971

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