This book offers beginning researchers in psychology and education with limited statistics backgrounds a practical, hands-on guide to the preparation, assessment, and development of quantitative research instruments. With the explicit goal in mind of making the text accessible to readers with only a beginning level of statistical expertise, the authors include numerous examples and figures to illustrate necessary concepts and procedures, while minimizing jargon. The book includes an appendix with directions for the required statistical analyses for readers with access to SPSS. The organization of the book into two sections, theoretical and practical, with complementary chapters in each section, results in a practical and versatile resource to have in a variety of contexts. Because of its versatility, the book may be used either as a textbook for courses on test construction and instrument design or quantitative research methods in psychology and education, as a reference for researchers using and constructing quantitative instruments, or as background reading for professionals in related fields.
Joshua A. Fishman is Distinguished University Professor Emeritus in Social Sciences at Yeshiva University, and visiting professor at Stanford University [Linguistics and Education], New York University [Multiculturalism] and CUNY-Graduate Center [Linguistics]. Tomas Galguera is an associate professor in the Teachers for Tomorrow's Schools teacher education program at Mills College and a fellow at the Carnegie Academy for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning.
Chapter 1 Preface Chapter 2 Introduction Part 3 A. THEORETICAL TOPICS Chapter 4 1A. WHAT ARE "TESTS FOR RESEARCH PURPOSES?" Chapter 5 2A. THE END GOAL AS A FIRST CONSIDERATION Chapter 6 3A. INSTRUMENT RELIABILITY Chapter 7 4A. INSTRUMENT VALIDITY Chapter 8 5A. ITEM ANALYSES Chapter 9 6A. SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCALES Part 10 B. EMPIRICAL TOPICS Chapter 11 1B. DESIGNING YOUR INSTRUMENT; COMPONENTIALITY AND ITEM-TYPE Chapter 12 2B. PREPARATION AND PRELIMINARY TESTING OF THE FIRST VERSION Chapter 13 3B. ANALYZING VERSION I: ITEM STATISTICS AND INSTRUMENT RELIABILITY Chapter 14 4B. ANALYZING VERSION II: ITEM STATISTICS, INSTRUMENT RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY Chapter 15 5B. SEMI-FORMAL MEASUREMENT: VARIETIES OF CONTENT ANALYSIS Chapter 16 6B. WHAT NEXT? BACK TO THE FUTURE Chapter 17 Appendix A: Recommended Readings Chapter 18 Appendix B: Instructions for Performing Necessary Statistical Procedures in SPSS Chapter 19 Appendix C: Sample Data Set of Items and Scores for Self-Esteem Scale, Version 1 Chapter 20 References