Emphasizing a physical understanding with many illustrations, Introduction to the Physics of Highly Charged Ions covers the major areas of x-ray radiation and elementary atomic processes occurring with highly charged ions in hot laboratory and astrophysical plasmas. Topics include light and ion sources, spectroscopy, atomic structure, magnetic and QED effects, and a thorough look at atomic collisions, from elementary processes in plasmas to ion-surface interaction and hollow atoms. Avoiding unnecessary mathematical details, this book is accessible to a broad range of readers, including graduate students and researchers.
Preface INTRODUCTION General remarks Atomic masses, charges and sizes Ions in nature Ions in the laboratory Visualization of single atoms RADIATION Light and radiation The electromagnetic spectrum The distribution of radiation Diffraction and interference The Doppler effect SPECTROSCOPY Spectral lines The quantum nature of radiation The photoelectric effect Compton scattering Mossbauer spectroscopy Spectral-line analysis The inner concept of atoms LIGHT AND ION SOURCES Basic Physical considerations Bremsstrahlung Synchrotron radiation Ion accelerators Ion cooler rings Tokamak Electron-cyclotron-resonance ion source Electron-beam ion source and trap ATOMIC STRUCTURE Classification of spectral lines Coupling schemes Selection rules Transition probabilities Lifetimes Autoionizing states One-electron systems Relativistic effects and the fine structure Magnetic effects and the hyperfine structure QED effects and the Lamb shift Multi-electron systems Transition energies and x-ray spectra External fields Quantum theory of line shape Absorption edges Polarization of x-ray lines and continuum ATOMIC COLLISIONS Elementary processes in plasmas The principle of detailed balance Local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) Non-equilibrium plasma and the coronal limit Emission and absorption Excitation and de-excitation Ionization and three-body recombination Dielectronic recombination Ion-ion collisions Ion-surface interaction and hollow atoms Conclusion and further reading Appendix Atomic physics in chronological order Index
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