Introduction to Tissue Engineering: Applications and Challenges (IEEE Press Series on Biomedical Engineering)

Introduction to Tissue Engineering: Applications and Challenges (IEEE Press Series on Biomedical Engineering)

By: Ravi Birla (author)Hardback

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Description

Covering a progressive medical field, Tissue Engineering describes the innovative process of regenerating human cells to restore or establish normal function in defective organs. As pioneering individuals look ahead to the possibility of generating entire organ systems, students may turn to this textbook for a comprehensive understanding and preparation for the future of regenerative medicine. This book explains chemical stimulations, the bioengineering of specific organs, and treatment plans for chronic diseases, like diabetes. It is a must-read for tissue engineering students and practitioners.

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About Author

RAVI BIRLA, PD, is Associate Professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at the University of Houston. Dr. Birla s research focuses on the fabrication of 3D cardiovascular constructs, including bioengineering 3D artificial heart muscle, cell-based cardiac pumps, tissue engineering ventricles, and bioartificial hearts.

Contents

Preface xiii Acknowledgments xv List of Abbreviations xvii Important Terminology and Concepts xxi 1 Introduction to Tissue Engineering 1 1.1 Introduction to Tissue Engineering, 2 1.2 Chronic Shortage of Donor Organs, 3 1.3 The Tissue Engineering Paradigm, 4 1.4 Definition of Tissue Engineering, 5 1.5 Process of Bioengineering 3D Artificial Tissue, 9 1.6 Design Principles for Tissue Engineering, 12 1.7 Building Blocks of Tissue Engineering, 14 1.8 Scientific and Technological Challenges, 15 1.9 Functional Assessment of Artificial Tissue, 16 1.10 Seminal Papers in Tissue Engineering, 18 1.11 Applications of 3D Artificial Tissue, 20 1.12 Two-Dimensional Versus Three-Dimensional Culture, 22 1.13 Integration of Core Technologies, 22 1.14 Growth of Tissue Engineering, 24 1.15 Disciplines in Tissue Engineering, 26 1.16 Tissue Engineering and Related Fields, 28 Summary, 33 Practice Questions, 34 References, 35 2 Cells for Tissue Engineering 40 2.1 Cells and Tissue Engineering, 41 2.2 Cell Structure and Function, 43 2.3 The Dynamic Extracellular Matrix, 47 2.4 Cell Signaling, 48 2.5 Cellular Junctions, 50 2.6 Mammalian Tissue and Artificial Tissue, 52 2.7 Cell Sourcing, 52 2.8 The Cell Transplantation Process, 55 2.9 Cells for Cell Transplantation, 58 2.10 Mode of Action of Cells During Cell Transplantation, 59 2.11 Cell Transplantation and Tissue Engineering, 60 2.12 The Cell Culture Process, 61 2.13 Applications of Monolayer 2D Cell Culture, 64 2.14 Cell Culture Versus Tissue Engineering, 65 2.15 Introduction to Stem Cell Engineering, 66 2.16 Human Embryonic Stem Cells, 70 2.17 Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells, 71 2.18 Adult Stem Cells, 72 Summary, 72 Practice Questions, 73 References, 74 3 Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering 84 3.1 Definition of Biomaterials, 85 3.2 Scheme for Biomaterial Development, 88 3.3 Historical Perspective on Biomaterials, 90 3.4 Tensile Properties, 92 3.5 Modulation of Tensile Properties, 95 3.6 Material Degradation, 97 3.7 Biocompatibility, 100 3.8 Biomimetic Biomaterial, 104 3.9 Classification of Biomaterials, 106 3.10 Biomaterial Platforms, 108 3.11 Smart Materials, 113 3.12 The Dynamic Extracellular Matrix, 114 3.13 Idealized Biomaterial, 116 Summary, 118 Practice Questions, 119 References, 121 4 Tissue Fabrication Technology 130 4.1 Introduction to Tissue Fabrication Technologies, 131 4.2 Self-Organization Technology, 133 4.3 Cell Sheet Engineering, 135 4.4 Scaffold-Based Tissue Fabrication, 137 4.5 Cell and Organ Printing, 140 4.6 Solid Freeform Fabrication, 142 4.7 Soft Lithography and Microfluidics, 143 4.8 Cell Patterning, 145 4.9 Idealized System to Support Tissue Fabrication, 148 Summary, 149 Practice Questions, 150 References, 151 5 Vascularization of Artificial Tissue 156 5.1 Introduction, 157 5.2 Seminal Publications in Angiogenesis Research, 159 5.3 Vascularization Defined, 160 5.4 Molecular Mechanism of Vasculogenesis, 161 5.5 Molecular Mechanism of Angiogenesis, 163 5.6 Molecular Mechanism of Arteriogenesis, 164 5.7 Therapeutic Angiogenesis, 166 5.8 Tissue Engineering and Vascularization, 167 5.9 Conceptual Framework for Vascularization During Artificial Tissue Formation, 169 5.10 In Vivo Models of Vascularization, 172 5.11 Idealized Vascularization Strategy for Tissue Engineering, 174 5.12 Flow Chart and Decision Making, 176 5.13 Biologically Replicated Vascularization Strategies, 179 5.14 Biologically Mediated Vascularization Strategies, 181 5.15 Biologically Inspired Vascularization Strategies, 184 Summary, 186 Practice Questions, 187 References, 188 6 Bioreactors for Tissue Engineering 193 6.1 Introduction to Bioreactors, 194 6.2 Bioreactors Defined, 195 6.3 Classification of Bioreactors, 197 6.4 Design Considerations, 200 6.5 Idealized Bioreactor System, 202 6.6 Bioreactors and Tissue Engineering, 205 6.7 Bioreactors for Mammalian Cell Culture, 207 6.8 Bioreactors for Scaffold Fabrication, 209 6.9 Bioreactors for Scaffold Cellularization, 212 6.10 Perfusion Systems, 215 6.11 Bioreactors for Stretch, 219 6.12 Electrical Stimulation, 221 Summary, 226 Practice Questions, 227 References, 230 7 Tracheal Tissue Engineering 237 7.1 Structure and Function of the Trachea, 238 7.2 Congenital Tracheal Stenosis, 240 7.3 Genetic Regulation of Tracheal Development, 241 7.4 Post Intubation and Post Tracheostomy Tracheal Stenosis, 243 7.5 Treatment Modalities for Tracheal Stenosis, 245 7.6 Design Considerations for Tracheal Tissue Engineering, 247 7.7 Process of Bioengineering Artificial Tracheas, 247 7.8 Tissue Engineering Models for Artificial Tracheas, 250 7.9 Tracheal Tissue Engineering An Example of a Clinical Study, 253 7.10 Tracheal Tissue Engineering A Second Example of a Clinical Study, 255 Summary, 258 Practice Questions, 258 References, 260 8 Bladder Tissue Engineering 265 8.1 Bladder Structure and Function, 266 8.2 Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction, 267 8.3 Surgical Bladder Augmentation, 269 8.4 Development of the Urinary Bladder, 270 8.5 Design Considerations for Bladder Tissue Engineering, 270 8.6 Process of Bioengineering Artificial Bladders, 271 8.7 Cell Sheet Engineering for Bladder Tissue Engineering, 273 8.8 Small Intestinal Submucosa (SIS) for Bladder Tissue Engineering, 275 8.9 Plga as a Biomaterial for Bladder Tissue Engineering, 278 8.10 Acellular Grafts for Bladder Tissue Engineering, 280 8.11 Organ Models for Bladder Tissue Engineering, 283 8.12 Clinical Study for Bladder Tissue Engineering, 284 Summary, 285 Practice Questions, 286 References, 288 9 Liver Tissue Engineering 295 9.1 Structure and Function of the Liver, 296 9.2 Acute Liver Failure, 297 9.3 Liver Transplantation, 299 9.4 Liver Regeneration, 301 9.5 Liver Development, 302 9.6 Design Considerations for Liver Tissue Engineering, 303 9.7 Process of Bioengineering Artificial Liver Tissue, 303 9.8 Stem Cells for Liver Tissue Engineering, 305 9.9 Surface Patterning Technology for Liver Tissue Engineering, 307 9.10 Biomaterial Platforms for Liver Tissue Engineering, 309 9.11 Fabrication of 3D Artificial Liver Tissue, 309 9.12 Vascularization for Liver Tissue Engineering, 311 9.13 Bioreactors for Liver Tissue Engineering, 312 9.14 Spheroid Culture for Liver Tissue Engineering, 313 Summary, 314 Practice Questions, 315 References, 317 Index 323

Product Details

  • publication date: 15/08/2014
  • ISBN13: 9781118628645
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 360
  • ID: 9781118628645
  • weight: 730
  • ISBN10: 1118628640

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