Introductory Chemistry Essentials, Global Edition (5th edition)

Introductory Chemistry Essentials, Global Edition (5th edition)

By: Nivaldo J. Tro (author)Paperback

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Description

Make chemistry relevant to students Now in its fifth edition, Introductory Chemistry Essentials continues to foster deep engagement in the course by showing how chemistry manifests in students' daily lives. Author Nivaldo Tro draws upon his classroom experience as an award-winning instructor to extend chemistry from the laboratory to the student's world, capturing student attention with relevant applications and a captivating writing style. This program provides a better teaching and learning experience-for you and your students. It will help you to: . * Enable deep conceptual understanding: Several new Conceptual Checkpoints and Self- Assessment Quizzes help students better grasp key concepts. * Foster development of problem-solving skills: A step-by-step framework encourages students to think logically rather than simply memorize formulas. Additional worked examples, enhanced with audio and video, reinforce challenging problems. * Encourage interest in chemistry: The inclusion of concrete examples of key ideas throughout the program keeps students engaged in the material.

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About Author

Nivaldo Tro is Professor of Chemistry at Westmont College in Santa Barbara, California, where he has been a faculty member since 1990. He received his Ph.D. in chemistry from Stanford University, for work on developing and using optical techniques to study the adsorption and desorption of molecules to and from surfaces in ultrahigh vacuum. He then went on to the University of California at Berkeley, where he did post-doctoral research on ultra-fast reaction dynamics in solution. Since coming to Westmont, Professor Tro has been awarded grants from the American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund, from Research Corporation, and from the National Science Foundation to study the dynamics of various processes occurring in thin layer films adsorbed on dielectric surfaces. He has been honored as Westmont's outstanding teacher of the year three times and has also received the college's outstanding researcher of the year award. Professor Tro lives in Santa Barbara with his wife, Ann, and their four children, Michael, Ali, Kyle, and Kaden. In his leisure time, Professor Tro enjoys mountain biking, surfing, reading to his children, and being outdoors with his family.

Contents

BRIEF TOC 1. The Chemical World 2. Measurement and Problem Solving 3. Matter and Energy 4. Atoms and Elements 5. Molecules and Compounds 6. Chemical Composition 7. Chemical Reactions 8. Quantities in Chemical Reactions 9. Electrons in Atoms and the Periodic Table 10. Chemical Bonding 11. Gases 12. Liquids, Solids, and Intermolecular Forces 13. Solutions 14. Acids and Bases 15. Chemical Equilibrium 16. Oxidation and Reduction 17. Radioactivity and Nuclear Chemistry COMPREHENSIVE TOC 1. The Chemical World 1.1 Soda Pop Fizz 1.2 Chemicals Compose Ordinary Things 1.3 All Things Are Made of Atoms and Molecules 1.4 The Scientific Method: How Chemists Think 1.5 A Beginning Chemist: How to Succeed 2. Measurement and Problem Solving 2.1 Measuring Global Temperatures 2.2 Scientific Notation: Writing Large and Small Numbers 2.3 Significant Figures: Writing Numbers to Reflect Precision 2.4 Significant Figures in Calculations 2.5 The Basic Units of Measurement 2.6 Problem Solving and Unit Conversion 2.7 Solving Multistep Conversion Problems 2.8 Units Raised to a Power 2.9 Density 2.10 Numerical Problem-Solving Strategies and the Solution Map 3. Matter and Energy 3.1 In Your Room 3.2 What Is Matter? 3.3 Classifying Matter According to Its State: Solid, Liquid, and Gas 3.4 Classifying Matter According to Its Composition: Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures 3.5 Differences in Matter: Physical and Chemical Properties 3.6 Changes in Matter: Physical and Chemical Changes 3.7 Conservation of Mass: There is No New Matter 3.8 Energy 3.9 Energy and Chemical and Physical Change 3.10 Temperature: Random Motion of Molecules and Atoms 3.11 Temperature Changes: Heat Capacity 3.12 Energy and Heat Capacity Calculations 4. Atoms and Elements 4.1 Experiencing Atoms at Tiburon 4.2 Indivisible: The Atomic Theory 4.3 The Nuclear Atom 4.4 The Properties of Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons 4.5 Elements: Defined by Their Numbers of Protons 4.6 Looking for Patterns: The Periodic Law and the Periodic Table 4.7 Ions: Losing and Gaining Electrons 4.8 Isotopes: When the Number of Neutrons Varies 4.9 Atomic Mass: The Average Mass of an Element's Atoms 5. Molecules and Compounds 5.1 Sugar and Salt 5.2 Compounds Display Constant Composition 5.3 Chemical Formulas: How to Represent Compounds 5.4 A Molecular View of Elements and Compounds 5.5 Writing Formulas for Ionic Compounds 5.6 Nomenclature: Naming Compounds 5.7 Naming Ionic Compounds 5.8 Naming Molecular Compounds 5.9 Naming Acids 5.10 Nomenclature Summary 5.11 Formula Mass: The Mass of a Molecule or Formula Unit 6. Chemical Composition 6.1 How Much Sodium? 6.2 Counting Nails by the Pound 6.3 Counting Atoms by the Gram 6.4 Counting Molecules by the Gram 6.5 Chemical Formulas as Conversion Factors 6.6 Mass Percent Composition of Compounds 6.7 Mass Percent Composition from a Chemical Formula 6.8 Calculating Empirical Formulas for Compounds 6.9 Calculating Molecular Formulas for Compounds 7. Chemical Reactions 7.1 Grade School Volcanoes, Automobiles, and Laundry Detergents 7.2 Evidence of a Chemical Reaction 7.3 The Chemical Equation 7.4 How to Write Balanced Chemical Equations 7.5 Aqueous Solutions and Solubility: Compounds Dissolved in Water 7.6 Precipitation Reactions: Reactions in Aqueous Solution That Form a Solid 7.7 Writing Chemical Equations for Reactions in Solution: Molecular, Complete Ionic, and Net Ionic Equations 7.8 Acid-Base and Gas Evolution Reactions 7.9 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions 7.10 Classifying Chemical Reactions 8. Quantities in Chemical Reactions 8.1 Climate Change: Too Much Carbon Dioxide 8.2 Making Pancakes: Relationships between Ingredients 8.3 Making Molecules: Mole-to-Mole Conversions 8.4 Making Molecules: Mass-to-Mass Conversions 8.5 More Pancakes: Limiting Reactant, Theoretical Yield, and Percent Yield 8.6 Limiting Reactant, Theoretical Yield, and Percent Yield from Initial Masses of Reactants 8.7 Enthalpy: A Measure of the Heat Evolved or Absorbed in a Reaction 9. Electrons in Atoms and the Periodic Table 9.1 Blimps, Balloons, and Models of the Atom 9.2 Light: Electromagnetic Radiation 9.3 The Electromagnetic Spectrum 9.4 The Bohr Model: Atoms with Orbits 9.5 The Quantum-Mechanical Model: Atoms with Orbitals 9.6 Quantum-Mechanical Orbitals and Electron Configurations 9.7 Electron Configurations and the Periodic Table 9.8 The Explanatory Power of the Quantum-Mechanical Model 9.9 Periodic Trends: Atomic Size, Ionization Energy, and Metallic Character 10. Chemical Bonding 10.1 Bonding Models and AIDS Drugs 10.2 Representing Valence Electrons with Dots 10.3 Lewis Structures of Ionic Compounds: Electrons Transferred 10.4 Covalent Lewis Structures: Electrons Shared 10.5 Writing Lewis Structures for Covalent Compounds 10.6 Resonance: Equivalent Lewis Structures for the Same Molecule 10.7 Predicting the Shapes of Molecules 10.8 Electronegativity and Polarity: Why Oil and Water Don't Mix 11. Gases 11.1 Extra-Long Straws 11.2 Kinetic Molecular Theory: A Model for Gases 11.3 Pressure: The Result of Constant Molecular Collisions 11.4 Boyle's Law: Pressure and Volume 11.5 Charles's Law: Volume and Temperature 11.6 The Combined Gas Law: Pressure, Volume, and Temperature 11.7 Avogadro's Law: Volume and Moles 11.8 The Ideal Gas Law: Pressure, Volume, Temperature, and Moles 11.9 Mixtures of Gases: Why Deep-Sea Divers Breathe a Mixture of Helium and Oxygen 11.10 Gases in Chemical Reactions 12. Liquids, Solids, and Intermolecular Forces 12.1 Interactions between Molecules 12.2 Properties of Liquids and Solids 12.3 Intermolecular Forces in Action: Surface Tension and Viscosity 12.4 Evaporation and Condensation 12.5 Melting, Freezing, and Sublimation 12.6 Types of Intermolecular Forces: Dispersion, Dipole-Dipole, Hydrogen Bonding, and Ion-Dipole 12.7 Types of Crystalline Solids: Molecular, Ionic, and Atomic 12.8 Water: A Remarkable Molecule 13. Solutions 13.1 Tragedy in Cameroon 13.2 Solutions: Homogeneous Mixtures 13.3 Solutions of Solids Dissolved in Water: How to Make Rock Candy 13.4 Solutions of Gases in Water: How Soda Pop Gets Its Fizz 13.5 Specifying Solution Concentration: Mass Percent 13.6 Specifying Solution Concentration: Molarity 13.7 Solution Dilution 13.8 Solution Stoichiometry 13.9 Freezing Point Depression and Boiling Point Elevation: Making Water Freeze Colder and Boil Hotter 13.10 Osmosis: Why Drinking Salt Water Causes Dehydration 14. Acids and Bases 14.1 Sour Patch Kids and International Spy Movies 14.2 Acids: Properties and Examples 14.3 Bases: Properties and Examples 14.4 Molecular Definitions of Acids and Bases 14.5 Reactions of Acids and Bases 14.6 Acid-Base Titration: A Way to Quantify the Amount of Acid or Base in a Solution 14.7 Strong and Weak Acids and Bases 14.8 Water: Acid and Base in One 14.9 The pH and pOH Scales: Ways to Express Acidity and Basicity 14.10 Buffers: Solutions That Resist pH Change 15. Chemical Equilibrium 15.1 Life: Controlled Disequilibrium 15.2 The Rate of a Chemical Reaction 15.3 The Idea of Dynamic Chemical Equilibrium 15.4 The Equilibrium Constant: A Measure of How Far a Reaction Goes 15.5 Heterogeneous Equilibria: The Equilibrium Expression for Reactions Involving a Solid or a Liquid 15.6 Calculating and Using Equilibrium Constants 15.7 Disturbing a Reaction at Equilibrium: Le Ch(R)telier's Principle 15.8 The Effect of a Concentration Change on Equilibrium 15.9 The Effect of a Volume Change on Equilibrium 15.10 The Effect of a Temperature Change on Equilibrium 15.11 The Solubility-Product Constant 15.12 The Path of a Reaction and the Effect of a Catalyst 16. Oxidation and Reduction 16.1 The End of the Internal Combustion Engine? 16.2 Oxidation and Reduction: Some Definitions 16.3 Oxidation States: Electron Bookkeeping 16.4 Balancing Redox Equations 16.5 The Activity Series: Predicting Spontaneous Redox Reactions 16.6 Batteries: Using Chemistry to Generate Electricity 16.7 Electrolysis: Using Electricity to Do Chemistry 16.8 Corrosion: Undesirable Redox Reactions 17. Radioactivity and Nuclear Chemistry 17.1 Diagnosing Appendicitis 17.2 The Discovery of Radioactivity 17.3 Types of Radioactivity: Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Decay 17.4 Detecting Radioactivity 17.5 Natural Radioactivity and Half-Life 17.6 Radiocarbon Dating: Using Radioactivity to Measure the Age of Fossils and Other Artifacts 17.7 The Discovery of Fission and the Atomic Bomb 17.8 Nuclear Power: Using Fission to Generate Electricity 17.9 Nuclear Fusion: The Power of the Sun 17.10 The Effects of Radiation on Life 17.11 Radioactivity in Medicine

Product Details

  • publication date: 14/01/2015
  • ISBN13: 9781292061337
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 744
  • ID: 9781292061337
  • weight: 1460
  • ISBN10: 1292061332
  • edition: 5th edition

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