The reader contains four sections: the first looks at the body and how it is interpreted in anthropology; at ways of thinking and communicating; at how social relations are organised; and at ways of engaging with nature, the environment and human-made objects. The second section illustrates anthropologists' ideas about personhood as socially constituted, and ways of defining social boundaries and groups. The third studies the themes of globalisation (local and global processes); and the fourth the practice of anthropology, including anthropological ethics, methods and investigations.
Hilary Callan was Director of the Royal Anthropological Institute from 2000-2010. She is a member of the Institute's Committee on Anthropology in Secondary and Further Education; and is Editor-in-Chief of a forthcoming International Encyclopaedia of Anthropology. Brian Street is Emeritus Professor of Language in Education at King's College, London University and Visiting Professor of Education in the Graduate School of Education, University of Pennsylvania. He has a commitment to linking ethnographic-style research on the cultural dimension of language and literacy with contemporary practice in education and in development. He is currently a Vice President of the RAI Council and is Chair of the RAI Education Committee. Simon Underdown is a biological anthropologist specialising in human evolution. He is Senior Lecturer in Biological Anthropology at Oxford Brookes University, and a member of the Council and Education Committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute. In addition to scholarly publications, he has written numerous articles on human evolution for the UK's national press.
Acknowledgements A Note on Original Sources General Introduction Hilary Callan, Brian Street and Simon Underdown Section I: Being Human: Unity and Diversity Introduction to Section I Hilary Callan, Brian Street and Simon Underdown I.1 Evolutionary Processes and Human Origins Chapter 1. What Is Natural Selection? R. Lewin and R. Foley Chapter 2. Explaining the Very Improbable Richard Dawkins Chapter 3. What Is Sexual Selection? R. Lewin and R. Foley Chapter 4. Human Evoluton: An Overview Simon Underdown Chapter 5. Were the Neanderthals So Different from Us? Chris Stringer Chapter 6. An Evolving Tale Simon Underdown I.2 The Body Ways of Thinking about 'Race' and Ethnicity Chapter 7. Race against Time Simon Underdown Chapter 8. Dem Bones Simon Underdown Chapter 9. Representations of Non-European Society in Popular Fiction Brian Street Chapter 10. Unravelling 'Race' for the Twenty-first Century Faye V. Harrison A Source of Meanings and a Site of Social Discipline and Control Chapter 11. The Body: Subjugated and Unsexed Judith Okely I.3 Ways of Thinking and Communicating Language Evolution Chapter 12. How Humans are Different Robin Dunbar Chapter 13. Technical Difficulties and Hopeful Monsters Terrence Deacon Language and Classification Chapter 14. The 'Savage' Mind Claude Levi-Strauss Explanation of Events Chapter 15. Witchcraft Beliefs Godfrey Lienhardt The Ethnographic Study of Language and Communication Chapter 16. The Ethnographic Study of Language and Communication Shirley Heath and Brian Street Language and Ethnicity Chapter 17. Language in Late Modernity B. Rampton Anthropological Approaches to Literacy and Numeracy Chapter 18. Everyday Literacies in Africa A.H. Gebre, A. Rogers, B. Street and G. Openjuru Multimodal Discourse Chapter 19. Multimodal Discourse G. Kress and T. van Leeuwen I.4. Organising Social Relations: Kinship and Gender Chapter 20. The Semantics of Biology Kirsten Hastrup Chapter 21. 'Ladies' behind Bars: A Liminal Gender as Cultural Mirror John M. Coggeshall I.5 Engaging with Nature Chapter 22. Social Views of the Environment Joy Hendry Chapter 23. Death on the Farm: Badger Culling in North Pembrokeshire Pat Caplan Chapter 24. The Whaling War: Conflicting Cultural Perspectives Adrian Peace Chapter 25. Ducks Out of Water: Nature Conservation as Boundary Maintenance Kay Milton I.6 The Humanity of Things Chapter 26. Feminine Power at Sea Silvia Rodgers Chapter 27. Why Clothing Is Not Superficial Daniel Miller Section II: Becoming a Person: Identity and Belonging Introduction to Section II Hilary Callan, Brian Street and Simon Underdown II.1 Personhood Contrasting Concepts Chapter 28. The Social Character of Humanity Thomas Hylland Eriksen Chapter 29. Anthropology of the Self Brian Morris Transitions Chapter 30. Rites of Passage Joy Hendry Identities Chapter 31. A Sense of People and Place Gaynor Cohen II.2 Drawing Boundaries and Defining Groups Chapter 32. What's in a Name? Creating Identities in Britain Jemma Underdown Chapter 33. Gypsy Women: Models in Conflict Judith Okely II.3 Ritual and Social Relations Chapter 34. Extract from The Ritual Process Victor Turner Suggestions for Further Reading
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