Inuit Shamanism and Christianity: Transitions and Transformations in the Twentieth Century (McGill-Queen's Native and Northern Series)
By: Jarich G. Oosten (author), Frederic B. Laugrand (author)Paperback
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While the transition to Christianity in the Canadian Arctic occurred between the end of the eighteenth century and the 1950s, the various and complex transformations that happened during this time have not been fully understood. Using both archival material and oral testimony collected during workshops in Nunavut between 1996 and 2008, Frederic Laugrand and Jarich Oosten provide a nuanced look at Inuit religion, offering a strong counter narrative to the idea that traditional Inuit culture declined post-contact. They show that setting up a dichotomy between a past identified with traditional culture and a present involving Christianity obscures the continuity and dynamics of Inuit society, which has long borrowed and adapted 'outside' elements. They argue that both Shamanism and Christianity are continually changing in the Arctic and ideas of transformation and transition are necessary to understand both how the hunting ideology shaped Inuit Christian cosmology and how Christianity changed Inuit shamanic traditions.
"Inuit Shamanism and Christianity" is particularly useful in distinguishing between the influence of Anglican, Catholic, and, more recently, Pentecostal and Evangelical movements and in delineating the ways in which Shamanism still influences modern life in Inuit communities.
Frederic B. Laugrand is professor of anthropology, and director of the Centre Interuniversitaire d'Etudes et de Recherches Autochtones (CIERA), Universite Laval. Jarich G. Oosten is associate professor of anthropology, Leiden University, and the author"
Illustrations; Acknowledgments; Introduction Part One: Angakkuuniq and Christianity 1 Continuity and Decline; 2 Missionaries and Angakkuit; 3 Inuit Winter Feasts Part Two: Animals, Owners, and Non-human Beings 4 Hunters and Prey; 5 The Owners of the Sky, the Land, and the Sea; 6 Inuunngittut, Non-human Beings from the Land and the Sea Part Three: Encounters, Healing, and Power 7 Initiation, Visions, and Dreams; 8 Healing as a Socio-economic Process; 9 Powerful Objects and Words Part Four: Connecting to Ancestors and Land 10 Connecting to Ancestors: Qilaniq and Qilauti, Head Lifting and Drum Dancing; 11 Reconnecting People and Healing the Land: Inuit Pentecostal and Evangelical Movements; 12 Transitions and Transformations Appendix 1: Glossary of Inuktitut Words; Appendix 2: Inuit Elders Notes; References; Index
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- ID: 9780773535909
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