In July 1995, the Bosnian Serb Army commanded by General Ratko Mladic attacked the enclave of Srebrenica, a UN "safe area" since 1993, and massacred about 8,000 Bosniac men. While the responsibility for the massacre itself lays clearly with the Serb political and military leadership, the question of the responsibility of various international organizations and national authorities for the fall of the enclave is still passionately discussed, and has given rise to various rumors and conspiracy theories. Follow-up investigations by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and by several commissions have dissipated most of these rumors and contributed to a better knowledge of the Srebrenica events and the part played by the main local and international actors. This volume represents the first systematic, comparative analysis of those investigations. It brings together analyses from both the external standpoint of academics and the inside perspective of various professionals who participated directly in the inquiries, including police officers, members of parliament, high-ranking civil servants, and other experts.
Evaluating how institutions establish facts and ascribe responsibilities, this volume presents a historiographical and epistemological reflection on the very possibility of writing a history of the present time.
Isabelle Delpla is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the University Montpellier III. Her research focuses on international ethics and justice and the relationships between philosophy and anthropology. She has conducted fieldwork in Bosnia with victim associations, Hague witnesses, and convicted war criminals. Xavier Bougarel is Researcher at the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris. He is currently researching the wars of the 1990s and their aftermath in the former Yugoslavia and the transformations of Islam in the post-Communist Balkans. Jean-Louis Fournel is Professor at the University of Paris VIII. His research focuses on the history of warfare, political thought, and the rhetoric of the Italian Renaissance. Between 1997 and 2001, he directed several European cooperation programs with universities in Bosnia- Herzegovina. In 1994, while the city was under siege, he co-organized the initiative for a sister relationship between his university and that of Sarajevo.
List of maps Acknowledgements List of abbreviations and acronyms List of the Srebrenica reports and websites Chronology Introduction: The Judge, the Historian, and the Legislator Isabelle Delpla, Xavier Bougarel and Jean-Louis Fournel Chapter 1. The ICTY Investigations Jean-Rene Ruez Chapter 2. Introduction to the "Report-Form": Characteristics and Temporalities of a Production of Public Truth Jean-Louis Fournel Chapter 3. Reassessing the French Parliamentary Fact-Finding Mission on Srebrenica Pierre Brana Chapter 4. A Tale of Two Commissions: Dutch Parliamentary Inquiries during the Srebrenica-Aftermath Christ Klep Chapter 5. Reflecting on the Dutch NIOD Report: Academic Logic and the Culture of Consensus Pieter Lagrou Chapter 6. Reopening the Wounds? The Parliament of Bosnia-Herzegovina and the Question of Bosniak Responsibilities Xavier Bougarel Chapter 7. The Long Way to Admission: The Report of the Government of the Republika Srpska Michele Picard and Asta Zinbo Chapter 8. Facts, Responsibility, Intelligibility: Comparing the Investigations and Reports Isabelle Delpla Bibliography Notes on contributors Index